By the mid 1820s, Buffalo, New York, had become a transportation hub as the western terminus of the newly completed Erie Canal. The city eventually earned the title "Queen City of the Lakes." In 1901, Buffalo had the honor of hosting the Pan-American Exposition, a great technological world's fair. Leslie's Weekly wrote, "Few cities in the Western Hemisphere present more remarkable evidences of rapid growth and material progress than does...the Queen City of the Lakes."¹ Buffalo boasted railroads, steamship lines, and an extensive trolley car network. In addition, its close proximity (20 miles) to the waterpower of Niagara Falls gave Buffalo electricity 10 years before most other major cities.
1. Locate Buffalo. What nearby natural features can you identify that may have influenced settlement in the area?
2. Use the map's scale to calculate the approximate length of the Erie Canal.
3. Why do you think Buffalo was a likely place to be chosen to host the Pan-American Exposition, which showcased new technology?
4. Locate the Adirondack Mountains where Roosevelt was vacationing when he learned that McKinley would probably not survive his injuries. What means of transportation would have been available to him to travel to Buffalo? (More information is provided in Reading 1.)
¹Leslie's Weekly Magazine, May 11, 1901.
* The map on this screen has a resolution of 72 dots per inch (dpi), and therefore will print poorly. You can obtain a larger version of Map 1, but be aware that the file may take as much as 22 seconds to load with a 28.8K modem.