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Inquiry Question

Historical Context

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About This Lesson

This lesson is based on the National Register of Historic Places nomination for Camp Chase Confederate Cemetery (with photographs), Columbus, Ohio, Shriver and Breen's Ohio's Military Prisons in the Civil War, and other sources. The lesson plan was written by Paul LaRue, high school history teacher at Washington Senior High School in Washington Court House, Ohio, with help from the 2003-2004 Research History class students. It was supplemented and edited by the staff of the History Program, National Cemetery Administration, Department of Veterans Affairs, and the Teaching with Historic Places staff. This lesson is one in a series that brings important stories of historic places to the classroom.

Where it fits into the curriculum
Topics: This lesson covers aspects of U.S. history, social studies, Civil War, Reconstruction, and geography. Students will gain an understanding and appreciation for the complex issue of marking graves for Civil War soldiers, especially the prisoner-of-war (POW) populations.
Time period: Civil War Era to 1929
Relevant United States History Standards for Grades 5-12
Relevant Curriculum Standards for Social Studies
Find your state's social studies and history standards for grades Pre-K-12

Objectives for students
1) To locate POW camps in the North and determine how they rank in population size and mortality rates.
2) To learn about the history of Camp Chase and how its use changed over time.
3) To determine Ohio's role and influence in the creation of a policy by the federal government to recognize the sacrifice of POWs.
4) To outline the evolution of the federal government's policies guiding the marking of POW graves.
5) To design a memorial for veterans buried in their local cemetery.

Materials for students
The materials listed below either can be used directly on the computer or can be printed out, photocopied, and distributed to students. The maps and images appear twice: in a smaller, low-resolution version with associated questions and alone in a larger version.
1) one map of Northern prisoner-of-war camps during the Civil War;
2) three readings about Camp Chase Prison and Cemetery: an excerpt from the National Register nomination about Camp Chase, correspondence regarding Confederate POW burials, and an article printed in the Confederate Veteran magazine about the dedication of a Confederate monument at Camp Chase;
3) five photographs of Camp Chase Cemetery and its memorial.

Visiting the site
Camp Chase Confederate Cemetery is located at 2900 Sullivant Ave., Columbus, Ohio. It is one of 33 small soldiers' lots and Confederate cemeteries maintained by the National Cemetery Administration (NCA), Department of Veterans Affairs. It is open daily from 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. Camp Chase is not staffed on site and is under the supervision of Dayton National Cemetery. For more information, please contact Dayton National Cemetery, 4100 West Third Street, Dayton, Ohio, 45428, or call 937-262-2115.

 

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