Johnson Lake Mine:
Mining for Tungsten in Nevada's Snake Range--
By looking at Johnson Lake Mine: Mining for Tungsten in Nevada's Snake Range, students understand what tungsten is and how it was used, how it was mined, and how archeologists are able to piece together the past from artifacts and archeological evidence. Those interested in learning more will find that the Internet offers a variety of materials.
Great Basin National Park
Great Basin National Park is a unit of the National Park System. Visit the park's Web pages for more information on the park's biology, history and culture, and geology.
National Park Service Archeology and Ethnography Program
The National Park Service is steward of a diverse cultural legacy. From the cliff dwellings of the Southwest to the reminiscences of neighborhood residents where Martin Luther King, Jr. grew up, this legacy represents a continuum of American heritage--its places, objects, and traditions. The NPS Archeology and Ethnography Program provides national leadership, coordination, and technical guidance to aid in preserving this heritage. For the public, this website offers in-depth features on archeological projects, information on how to learn and participate in archeology, and a variety of teacher resources.
Three Historic Nevada Cities: Reno, Virginia City, and Carson City
The National Register of Historic Places' on-line travel itinerary, Three Historic Nevada Cities, provides information on 57 historic places listed in the National Register associated with the unique history of this area. The three cities were established after the discovery of the Comstock Lode in 1859, making mining integral to the area's development. Virginia City, in particular, is known for the Comstock Mining District, which produced a spectacular amount of wealth.
Library of Congress: American Memory Collection
Visit the American Memory Collection's History of the American West 1860-1920 for a collection of photographs illuminating many aspects the mining experience among other topics.
Early Radio History
During World War I, the United States government assumed control of most of the U.S. radio industry, in addition to the telegraph and telephone lines. It also gained access to all radio patents, which meant the military could use the best equipment that had been developed by the various competing companies. In this report by George O. Squier, Major General, Chief Signal Officer of the Army, October 15, 1919, he discusses the advancements in radio communication due to the Vacuum Tube, one type being the Tungsten-filament vacuum tube.
U.S. Mine Safety and Health Administration
The U.S. Mine Safety and Health Administration's "Mining History, Museums and Disasters" features "Honoring the U.S. Miner" a pictorial walk through 20th-century mining as well as an exhibition on mining disasters.
for Riches," a feature on ThinkQuest Jr, provides a good overview
of 20th-century mining, including the history of mining, the different
kinds of mines and what can be found there, the dangers involved, and
information about the miners--the people and culture.
Society for American Archeology
The Society for American Archeology (SAA) is an international organization dedicated to the research, interpretation, and protection of the archeological heritage of the Americas. Included on the website is an extensive education section that provides Guidelines for the Evaluation of Archeology Education Materials among its many resources
Society for Historical Archeology
The Society for Historical Archeology (SHA) is the largest scholarly group concerned with the archeology of the modern world (A.D. 1400-present). The main focus of the society is the era since the beginning of European exploration. Included on the website are a variety of online publication links and research tools.
International Tungsten Industry Association (ITIA)
the ITIA website for more information on tungsten such as its history,
its properties as a metal, how it is used, and its mining and processing.
For Further Reading
Students and educators wishing to learn more about the mining industry at the turn of the 20th century may want to read: Robert B. Gordon and Patrick M. Malone, The Texture of Industry: An Archeological View of the Industrialization of North America (New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 1994); Sally Zanjani, The Glory Days in Goldfield, Nevada (Reno: University of Nevada Press, 2002); and Drew Heath Johnson and Marcia Eymann, eds., Silver and Gold: Cased Images of the California Gold Rush (Iowa City, IA: University of Iowa Press for the Oakland Museum of California, 1998).