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How to Use the Images

 

Inquiry Question

Historical Context

Maps

Readings

Photos 1 & 2
Drawings 1-3
Illustration 1
Photo 3
Documents
2A & 2B

Activities

Table of
Contents




Visual Evidence

Chart 1: Douglas servants.
Name of Servant Birthplace Position Years of Employment
Rosalie Loquet Unknown Maid 1907
Lucien Abadie Unknown Butler 1907
Henrietta Abadie Unknown Maid 1907
Samuel Ross Ireland Coachman 1907-1913
George Holmes Illinois Head Gardener 1907-1910
Elijah B. Loomis Ohio Gardener 1907-1918
Johanna Lau Germany Cook 1/2 year 1908, 1909, 1911; 1910
Lenore (Swift) St. Cricq Vermont Nurse/Maid 1907, 1910;
1/2 year 1909, 1911
Armand St. Cricq France Butler 1/2 year 1909, 1911;
1910
Ella McDannel Iowa Nurse 1909-1929
Bertha Meyers WI - German parents Maid 1/2 year 1911, 1912; 1913-1919
Alexander Huart Unknown Butler 1/2 year 1911, 1913;
1912
Hilda Huart Unknown Maid 1/2 year 1911, 1913;
1912
Andrew Krieg Germany Gardener 1911-1919
Loretta Byers WI - German parents Cook 1/2 year 1913;
1914-1916
Rose Bellet France Maid 1908; 1913-1918
Lucian Bellet Italy Butler 1908;
1/2 year 1913;
1914-1918
Charles Horn England Chauffeur 1/2 year 1913, 1914
Joe Podhasky IA-Bohemian parents Houseman 1/2 year 1914;
1915-1920
Rose Podhasky IA-Bohemian parents Cook 1919-1920
Albert Batten England Chauffeur 1915-1937
Anton Martini Unknown Head Gardener 1/2 year 1920, 1921
Archie White Jamaica, British WI Head Gardener 1/2 year 1921;
1922-1937
James Bracha Bohemia Houseman 1924-1928
Hans Guterich Germany Butler 1924-1925
Mabel Seay Sweden Cook 1924-1931
Alfred Batten England Butler 1926-1937
Ivy Batten England Maid 1926-1937

Unless otherwise indicated, assume year-round employment.
(Information compiled by Brucemore Historian Jennifer Pustz, 2000)

Questions for Chart 1

1. Study Chart 1. Servants from what nationality made up the largest portion of the Douglas family staff? How many American-born servants did they have on staff?

2. Which servants stayed with the Douglases for more than ten years?

3. What does their length of their employment tell us about the Douglases?

 

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