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 [graphic] National Register Bulletin Guidelines for Evaluating and Registering Archeological Properties

U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service

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ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

This bulletin was prepared by Dr. Barbara Little and Ms. Erika Martin Seibert, working from the 1993 bulletin on historical archeology prepared by Ms. Jan Townsend, Dr. John H. Sprinkle, Jr. and Dr. John Knoerl. Dr. Sprinkle and Ms. Townsend prepared the final version of that initial bulletin based on Dr. Knoerl's initial work. Dr. Little expanded the bulletin and both Dr. Little and Ms. Seibert incorporated comments to prepare the final version. Ms. Carol D. Shull, Keeper of the National Register and Chief of the National Historic Landmarks Survey, reviewed all versions of the bulletin, provided guidance, and pressed first for the completion of a historical archeology National Register bulletin and then for a more general bulletin on archeology.

The authors wish to thank all of the individuals who assisted in the development and review of this bulletin. Mr. Douglas Kupel, formerly a historian with Arizona State Parks, initially proposed the preparation of a historical archeology bulletin and drafted a paper on evaluating historical archeological properties. Although the historical archeology bulletin had been well-received as useful guidance, many archeologists and other preservationists requested that a bulletin be prepared that covered archeology in a more general way. For example, many of the participants in National Register workshops given in conjunction with the Society for American Archaeology annual meetings requested a broader bulletin.

Comments and input on the bulletin on historical archeology were received from: J. Stephen Alexandrowicz, Archaeological Consulting Services; Patrick Andrus, National Park Service, National Register of Historic Places; Lawrence E. Aten, National Park Service, Interagency Resources Divisions; Leo Barker, National Park Service, Western Region Office; Beth M. Boland, National Park Service, National Register of Historic Places; Harry E. Bradley, Jr., U.S. Department of Commerce, Office of Federal Property Programs; Gordon Chappell, National Park Service, Western Regional Office; Lloyd N. Chapman, National Park Service, Mid-Atlantic Regional Office; Patty Chrisman, National Park Service, National Register of Historic Places; William T. Civish, Bureau of Land Management, Branch of Recreation, Cultural & Wilderness; Alice P. Coneybeer, General Services Administration, Region 4; Kirk A. Cordell, National Park Service, Southeast Regional Office; Julia G. Costello, Society for Historical Archaeology; Shelly Davis-King, Infotec Research, Inc.; Holly Dunbar, National Park Service Western Regional Office; Kathryn B. Eckert, Michigan Department of State; Jeanette Gaston, Idaho Transportation Department, Leland Gilsen, Oregon State Historic Preservation Office; Donald L. Hardesty, University of Nevada, Reno, Department of Anthropology; Marilyn Harper, National Park Service, National Register of Historic Places; Susan L. Henry, National Park Service, Interagency Resources Division, Preservation Planning Branch; Martha Sharp Joukowsky, Archaeological Institute of America; Roger E. Kelly, National Park Service, Western Regional Office; Thomas E. King, Consultant; Ruthann Knudson, National Park Service, Archeological Assistance Division; Jan Lawson, National Park Service, Death Valley National Monument; Antoinette J. Lee, National Park Service, National Register of Historic Places; Ben Levy, National Park Service, History Division; Gretchen Luxenberg, National Park Service, Pacific Northwest Regional Office, Cathy Masters, National Park Service, Midwest Archeological Center; Barbara E. Mattick, Florida Department of State, Division of Historic Resources; Linda Flint McClelland, National Park Service, National Register of Historic Places; Frances P. McManamon, National Park Service, Archeological Assistance Division; Diane Miller, National Park Service, Interagency Resource Division, Information Management Unit; Hugh C. Miller, Virginia Department of Historic Resources; Nancy Miller, National Conference of State Historic Preservation Officers; David L. Morgan, Kentucky Heritage Council; Kenneth H. P'Pool, Mississippi Department of Archives and History; Patricia L. Parker, National Park Service, Interagency Resources Division, Preservation Planning Branch; Margaret Pepin-Donat, National Park Service, Western Regional Office; Paul Robinson, Rhode Island Historical Preservation Commission; Stephanie Rodeffer, Western Archeological and Conservation Center, National Park Service; Beth L. Savage, National Park Service, National Register Historic Places; Douglas H. Scovill, National Park Service, Anthropology Division; Donna J. Seifert, John Milner Associates; Carol D. Shull, National Park Service, National Register of Historic Places, National Historic Landmarks Survey; Brona Simon, Massachusetts Historical Commission; Cathy Buford Slater, Arkansas Historic Preservation Program; Carl Spath, Metcalf Archaeological Consultants, Inc.; Pat H. Stein, Arizona State Parks; Thomas Thiessen, National Park Service, Midwest Archeological Center; and Robert Wilson, National Park Service, Southeast Archeological Center.

Comments and input on the bulletin on archeology were received from: Michael A. Aimone, DCS/Installations and Logistics, Department of the Airforce; Daphne Owens Battle, Alabama Historical Commission; Mark F. Baumler and Staff, Montana State Historic Preservation Office; Ira Carl Beckerman, Pennsylvania Department of Transportation; Diane Dallal and Members, The Professional Archaeologists of New York City, South Street Seaport Museum; Elsa Gilbertson, Vermont Division for Historic Preservation; Leland Gilsen, Oregon State Historic Preservation Office; David B. Guldenzopf, Department of the Army; Ruben O. Hernandez and Staff, Resource Stewardship, Tennessee Valley Authority; Thomas E. King, Consultant; Chris Kula, Pennsylvania Department of Transportation; Joni L. Manson, Ohio Historical Society; Cecil McKithan and Staff, National Park Service, Southeast Regional Office; Anmarie Medin, California Depart ment of Transportation; Sheila Mone, California Department of Transportation; Nancy Niedernhofer, Oregon State Historic Preservation Office; Sarah Pope, National Park Service, National Register of Historic Places; Sue Henry Renaud, National Park Service, Heritage Preservation Services; Becky Saleeby, National Park Service, Alaska Support Office; Beth L. Savage, National Park Service, National Register of Historic Places; Gary D. Shaffer, Maryland Department of Housing and Community Development; Carol D. Shull, National Park Service, National Register of Historic Places, National Historic Landmarks Survey; Dave Skilton, Oregon State Historic Preservation Office; Gary P. Smith and Staff, Bureau of Land Management, Montana State Office; Catherine Spohn, Pennsylvania Department of Transportation; Fern Swenson, State Historical Society of North Dakota; Charlotte Taylor and Staff, Rhode Island Historical Preservation and Heritage Commission; Al Tonetti, ASC Group, Inc.; Jan Townsend, Bureau of Land Management, Eastern States; Rosetta Virgilio, Nuclear Regulatory Commission; John R. Welch, Bureau of Indian Affairs, Fort Apache Agency and White Mountain Apache Tribe.

Dr. Little and Ms. Martin Seibert especially would also like to thank the following people who participated in the Evaluation subgroup during the Workshop on Evaluating and Improving Federal Archeology Guidance in Washington, D.C., June 27-29, 2000 and provided valuable comments during the last stages of this bulletin's preparation: Jeff Altschul, Statistical Research, Inc.; Sarah T. Bridges, Natural Resources Conservation Service; Thomas Emerson, Illinois Department of Transportation; Mike Hargrave, U.S. Army Construction Engineers Research Laboratory; William Reed, U.S. Forest Service, Boise National Forest; Brona Simon, Massachusetts Historical Commission; Joseph Tainter, U.S. Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station.

The collective contribution of people who gave their time and expertise in commenting has vastly improved the quality of this publication.

This bulletin has been prepared pursuant to the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, as amended, which directs the Secretary of the Interior to develop and make available information concerning historic properties. It was developed under the general editorship of Carol D. Shull, Keeper of the National Register of Historic Places and Chief of the National Historic Landmarks Survey. Beth L. Savage, architectural historian, National Register of Historic Places, is responsible for publications coordination. Sarah Dillard Pope, historian, National Register of Historic Places, provides editorial and technical support. Comments on this publication may be directed to Keeper, National Register of Historic Places, National Park Service, 1849 C Street, NW, #2280, Washington, D.C. 20240.

 

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