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NATIONAL REGISTER OF HISTORIC PLACES
COLD WAR RESOURCES, 1945-1989

 

National Register Listed Properties by State -- Military

Site Summit, Anchorage County, Alaska (Nike, 1959-1979) [Listed in NR 7/11/96]

Air Force Facility Missile Site 8 (571-7) Military Reservation, Pima County, Arizona (Titan II, 1963-1982) [Listed in NR 12/03/92; Designated NHL 4/19/94]

Cold War Resources Associated with the 308th Strategic Missile Wing in Arkansas MPS: Titan II ICBM Launch Complex 374-7 Site, Van Buren County, Arkansas (Titan II, 1961-1987) [Listed in NR 2/18/00]
Titan II ICBM Launch Complex 374-5 Site
, Faulkner County, Arkansas (Titan II, 1961-1987) [Listed in NR 2/18/00]
Titan II ICBM Launch Complex 373-5 Site
, White County, Arkansas (Titan II, 1961-1987) [Listed in NR 3/6/2000]

Space Launch Complex 10, Vandenberg AFB, Santa Barbara County, California (Thor Missile, 1958-1980) [Listed in NR 6/23/86; Designated NHL 6/23/86]

U.S.S. NAUTILUS (submarine), New London County, Connecticut (Nuclear submarine, 1955-1980) [Listed in NR 5/16/79; Designated NHL 5/20/82]

McKinley Climatic Laboratory, Okaloosa County, Florida (Air Force, 1944-1989) [Listed in NR 10/6/97]

Nike Missile Site C47, Porter County, Indiana (Nike, 1956-1972) [Listed in NR 1/21/00]

One-Million-Liter Test Sphere (Horton Test Sphere), Ft. Detrick, Frederick County, MD (Army aerobiological testing, 1951-1970) [Listed in NR 11/23/77]

Fort Hancock and the Sandy Hook Proving Ground Historic District (small component of large district), Monmouth County, New Jersey (Nike, 1960-1971) [Listed in NR 4/24/80]

Tierra Amarilla AFS P-8 Historic District, Rio Arriba County, New Mexico (Lashup Radar (AN/FPS), 1952-1958) [Listed in NR 2/26/01]

D-01Launch Control Facility/D-09 Launch Facility, Ellsworth AFB, (Minuteman Missile National Historic Site), Jackson/Pennington County, South Dakota (Minuteman II, 1963) [Listed in NR 11/29/99]

Pentagon Office Building Complex, Arlington County, Virginia (Department of Defense HQ, 1943-present) [Listed in NR 7/27/89; Designated NHL 10/5/92]

Pending Nominations

Fort David A. Russell (Francis E. Warren AFB) (revised NHL documentation to justify Cold War period and set appropriate boundaries pending), Laramie County, Wyoming (Atlas/Minuteman/SAC, 1958-1975) [Listed in NR 10/01/69; Designated NHL 5/15/75]

National Register Listed Properties by State -- Civilian/Political

Building 710, Defense Civil Preparedness Agency, Region 6 Operations Center, Jefferson County, Colorado (Civil Defense, 1969-1979) [Listed in NR 3/2/00]

Office of Civil Defense Emergency Operations Center, Jefferson County, Colorado (Civil Defense, 1961-1969) [Listed in NR 12/16/99]

Rocky Flats Plant, Jefferson County, Colorado (Atomic Energy Commission/DOE, 1951-1989) [Listed in NR 5/19/97]

Experimental Breeder Reactor No. 1, Idaho National Engineering Lab, Butte County, Idaho (Atomic Energy Commission/DOE, 1949-1964) [Listed in NR 10/15/66; Designated NHL 12/21/65]

Whitakker Chambers Farm, Carroll County, Maryland (Espionage, 1941-1961) [Listed in NR 5/17/88; Designated NHL 5/17/88]

Westminster College Gymnasium, Callaway County, Missouri (Winston Churchill "Iron Curtain" speech/Politics, 3/5/46) [Listed in NR 5/23/68; Designated NHL 5/23/68]

Abo Elementary School and Fallout Shelter, Eddy County, New Mexico (Civil Defense, 1962-1989) [Listed in NR 9/29/99]

Eisenhower National Historic Site, Adams County, Pennsylvania (Politics/Khrushchev visit, 1959) [Listed in the NR 11/27/67; Designated NHL 5/23/66]

Oak Ridge Historic District, Anderson County, Tennessee (Atomic Energy Commission/DOE, 1942-1959) [Listed in NR 9/5/91, Oak Ridge MPS]

X-10 Reactor, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Roane County, Tennessee (Atomic Energy Commission/DOE, 1943-1964) [Listed in the NR 10/15/66; Designated NHL 12/21/65]

General George C. Marshall House, Loudoun County, Virginia (Politics/Military Affairs, 1941-1959) [Listed in the NR 6/19/96; Designated NHL 6/19/96]

Determinations of Eligibility

Grand Forks Safeguard ABM Installation:

Missile Radar Site Historic District, Grand Forks County, North Dakota (Sprint/Antiballistic Missile [ABM], 1974), [DOE 1/30/98]
Remote Sprint Launch Site 1, Grand Forks County, North Dakota (Sprint/Antiballistic Missile [ABM], 1974-1976), [DOE 6/18/98]
 
Remote Sprint Launch Site 2, Grand Forks County, North Dakota (Sprint/Antiballistic Missile [ABM], 1974-1976), [DOE 6/18/98]
 
Remote Sprint Launch Site 3, Grand Forks County, North Dakota (Sprint/Antiballistic Missile [ABM], 1974-1976), [DOE 6/18/98]
 
Remote Sprint Launch Site 4, Grand Forks County, North Dakota (Sprint/Antiballistic Missile [ABM], 1974-1976), [DOE 6/18/98]

NATIONAL REGISTER OF HISTORIC PLACES
COLD WAR RESOURCES 1945-1989 (Addendum)

Potential Cold War Properties (National Register listed properties with no or only tangential Cold War documentation)

Little White House, Monroe County, Florida (Truman Summer White House, 1946-1949) [Listed in the NR 2/12/74] (The current documentation does not discuss in any detail significant Cold War-related events that may have occurred during its use as a summer White House.)

Kennedy Compound, Barnstable County, Massachusetts (JFK Summer White House, 1960s) [Listed in NR 11/28/72] (The current documentation does not discuss in any detail significant Cold War-related events that may have occurred during its use as a summer White House.) Harry S. Truman National Historic Site, Jackson County, Missouri (Truman Home before, during & after presidency, early 1950s) [Listed in NR 5/31/85] (The current documentation does not discuss in any detail significant Cold War-related events that may have occurred on the property during its use as a temporary/summer White House.)

Savannah, Newport News City, Virginia (Nuclear-powered merchant marine vessel associated with the Federal government's "Atoms for Peace program, late 1950s) [Listed in NR 11/14/82; Designated NHL 7/17/91] (Atoms for Peace was a non-military nuclear program sponsored by the U.S. government with indirect connections to Cold War military/political programs.)

Greenbrier, Greenbrier County, West Virginia (Nuclear shelter for Congress, 1950s+) [Listed in the NR 10/9/74; Designated NHL 6/21/90] (The current documentation does not discuss in any detail significant Cold War-related events or functions.)  

National Register Listed Properties B Pre-Cold War Nuclear (Weapons) Programs

Room 307, Gilman Hall, University of California, Alameda County, California (First scientific identification of plutonium, 2/1941) Listed in NR 10/15/66; Designated NHL 1/1/99]

Room 405, George Herbert Jones laboratory, Univ. of Chicago, Cook County, Illinois (First scientific isolation of plutonium, 1942) [Listed in the NR 5/28/67; Designated NHL 5/28/67]

Site of First Self-Sustaining Nuclear Reaction, Cook County, Illinois (Enrico Fermi, 12/2/1942) [Listed in the NR 10/15/66; Designated NHL 2/18/65]

Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory, Los Alamos County, New Mexico (Manhattan Project, 1943-46) [Listed in NR 10/15/66; Designated NHL 12/21/65] (Wartime development of nuclear bomb and nuclear science programs; later Cold War-era work elsewhere on site poorly documented.)

Trinity Site, Socorro County, New Mexico (Site of first nuclear bomb test, 7/16/1945) [Listed in the NR 10/15/66; Designated NHL 12/21/65]

Pupin Physics Laboratories, Columbia University, New York County, New York (First split of uranium atom, 1/25/39) [Listed in NR 10/15/66; Designated NHL 12/21/65]

 

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