National Register coordinators were invited to submit images of designed landscaes listed in the National Register that they think are among the best in their state.
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Photograph courtesy of Oregon State Historic Preservation Office
Oak Hills Historic District
Oak Hills Historic District, Beaverton, Oregon
Builders: Robert Rummer, et. al.
The Oak Hills Historic District, located in Beaverton, Washington County, Oregon is significant locally under National Register Criteria A and C as an excellent example of a 1960s master-planned community. Oak Hills is significant under Criterion A due to its ties to larger societal and design response to ticky tacky suburban development. With its village design concept that joined single and multi-family residences, as well as religious, educational, and recreational facilities into a cohesive whole, Oak Hills sought to address many of the negative environmental and social externalities of post-World War II housing developments. The Oak Hills community also reflects the impacts that homeowners associations (HOAs) and their implementation of Covenants, Conditions & Restrictions (CC&Rs) had upon the long-term governance of developments across the United States. As an early example of a HOA-governed development , Oak Hills set an important precedent that was replicated elsewhere in the Portland area after 1966. The development is also significant under Criterion C as a Planned Unit Development (PUD) that retains its character-defining circulation patterns, open space, landscape features, cluster development, aesthetic and recreational amenities, and its overall architectural composition and development pattern. The development represents one of the most complete, mixed-use, planned communities in the greater metropolitan Portland area that also successfully integrated owner-occupied townhouses with detached single-family residences. Furthermore, the development's architectural eclecticism and its limited traffic access and hierarchical circulation pattern reflected the intentions of developers as well as the aesthetic desires of suburbanites during the period. The period of significance begins in 1965 with the construction of the first houses and ends in 197 4 when the construction of most residences was effectively completed.
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(links to an site outside of the National Park Service)