[Federal Register Volume 77, Number 63 (Monday, April 2, 2012)]
[Notices]
[Pages 19696-19697]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office 
[www.gpo.gov ]
[FR Doc No: 2012-7889]


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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

National Park Service

[2253-665]


Notice of Intent To Repatriate Cultural Items: California Department of Parks 
and Recreation, Sacramento, CA

AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.

ACTION: Notice

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SUMMARY: The California Department of Parks and Recreation, in consultation 
with the appropriate tribes, has determined that the cultural items meet the 
definition of unassociated funerary objects and repatriation to the Indian 
tribes stated below may occur if no additional claimants come forward. 
Representatives of any Indian tribe that believes itself to be culturally 
affiliated with the cultural item may contact the California Department of 
Parks and Recreation.

DATES: Representatives of any Indian tribe that believes it has a cultural 
affiliation with the cultural item should contact the California Department 
of Parks and Recreation at the address below by May 2, 2012.

ADDRESSES: Rebecca Carruthers, NAGPRA Coordinator, California Department of 
Parks and Recreation, 1416 9th Street, Room 902, Sacramento, CA 95814, 
telephone (916) 653-8893.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Notice is here given in accordance with the Native 
American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C. 3005, of 
the intent to repatriate cultural items under the control of the California 
Department of Parks and Recreation that meet the definition of unassociated 
funerary objects under 25 U.S.C. 3001. The unassociated funerary objects were 
removed from ten sites located in northeastern San Diego County, CA.
    This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's 
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003(d)(3). The 
determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the museum, 
institution or Federal agency that has control of the Native American 
cultural item. The National Park Service is not responsible for the 
determinations in this notice.

History and Description of the Cultural Item

    The unassociated funerary objects were removed from ten sites located in 
northeastern San Diego County, CA. The geographical location of the ten sites 
indicates the unassociated funerary objects were recovered within the 
historically documented territory of the Cahuilla. The traditional aboriginal 
territory of the Cahuilla, as defined by anthropologist Lowell John Bean, 
encompasses a geographically diverse area of mountains, valleys and low 
desert zones. The southernmost boundary approximately followed a line from 
just below Borrego Springs to the north end of the Salton Basin and the 
Chocolate Mountains. The eastern boundary ran along the summit of the San 
Bernardino Mountains. The northern boundary stood within the San Jacinto 
Plain near Riverside, while the base of Palomar Mountain formed the western 
boundary. According to Bean and archeologist William D. Strong, the northern 
end of Anza-Borrego Desert State Park lies within the traditional territory 
of the Cahuilla and includes Borrego Palm Canyon, Coyote Canyon, Clark 
Valley, the Santa Rosa Mountains, Jackass Flat, Rockhouse Canyon, and Horse 
Canyon.
    In 1955, Ben McCown collected a ceramic pipe bowl fragment from site CA-
SDI-1465 (Hidden Springs) in the Borrego Palm Canyon and Jackass Flat areas 
of Anza Borrego Desert State Park, a large village site that had been 
occupied for a considerable period of time prior to and during the historic 
period and known to contain cremated human remains. The pipe bowl fragment is 
an unassociated funerary object based on the proximity of human cremation 
burials in the area, the ceremonial/personal nature of the object, and the 
burned exterior which is consistent with exposure to heat during cremation.
    In 1955, park visitor Gary Masters collected a ceramic pipe from site VC-
1 in the Borrego Palm Canyon area of Anza Borrego Desert State Park, an area 
known to contain large village sites with cremation burials. The pipe is an 
unassociated funerary object based on the proximity of human cremation 
burials in the area and the ceremonial/
personal nature of the object. Although the object does not appear to be 
heavily burned, it is more likely than not to have come from a funerary 
context.
    At an unknown date, Paul Jorgenson collected a small pinch bowl from site 
CA-SDI-224 (Middle Willows) in the Borrego Palm Canyon area of Anza Borrego 
Desert State Park, an area known to contain large village sites with 
cremation burials. The bowl is an unassociated funerary object based on the 
proximity of human cremation burials in the area and the ceremonial/personal 
nature of the object. Although the object does not appear to be heavily 
burned, it is more likely than not to have come from a funerary context.
    Sometime in the 1970s, San Diego State University students and Professor 
Paul Ezell collected three pipe fragments, 75 burnt Olivella shell beads and 
a burnt glass bead from site CA-SDI-343 (Lower Willows) in the Borrego Palm 
Canyon area of Anza Borrego Desert State Park, a large village complex at 
Santa Caterina Spring known to contain cremation burials. The objects are 
unassociated funerary objects based on the proximity of human cremation 
burials in the area, the ceremonial/personal nature of the objects, and the 
burned exterior which is consistent with exposure to heat during cremation.
    Sometime in the 1970s, archeologist William Seidel collected one small 
burnt clay ball from site CA-SDI-2328 (Lower Willows) in the Borrego Palm 
Canyon area of Anza Borrego Desert State Park, a large village complex at 
Santa Caterina Spring known to contain cremation burials. The object is an 
unassociated funerary based on the proximity of human cremation burials in 
the area, ceremonial/personal nature of the object, and the burned exterior 
which is consistent with exposure to heat during cremation.
    Sometime in the 1970s, archeologist William Seidel collected one pipe 
bowl fragment from site CA-SDI-2336 in the Collins Valley area of Anza 
Borrego Desert State Park, a site known to have cremations and burials. The 
object is an unassociated funerary object based on the proximity of human 
cremation burials in the area, ceremonial/personal nature of the object, and 
the burned

[[Page 19697]]

exterior which is consistent with exposure to heat during cremation.
    Sometime in the 1970s, archeologist William Seidel collected one pipe 
bowl fragment from site CA-SDI-2663 in the Borrego Sink area of Borrego 
Springs, CA, an area known to be a gathering place for ceremonial and social 
occasions and known to contain numerous cremation burials. The object is an 
unassociated funerary object based on the proximity of human cremation 
burials in the area, the ceremonial/
personal nature of the object, and the burned exterior which is consistent 
with exposure to heat during cremation.
    In 1969, an anonymous park visitor collected a quartz crystal, a Haliotis 
shell pendant fragment, and two burnt Olivella shell beads from an 
unidentified site above Lower Willows (most likely site CA-SDI-
331 or site CA-SDI-343), in the Borrego Palm Canyon area of Anza Borrego 
Desert State Park, an area of known to contain large village sites with 
cremation burials. The objects are unassociated funerary objects based on the 
proximity of human cremation burials in the area, the ceremonial/personal 
nature of the objects, and the burned exterior which is consistent with 
exposure to heat during cremation.
    In 1967, an anonymous park visitor collected a pipe bowl fragment from an 
unidentified site in the Coyote Canyon area of Anza Borrego Desert State 
Park, an area known to contain large village sites with cremation burials. 
The pipe fragment is an unassociated funerary object based on the proximity 
of human cremation burials in the area and the ceremonial/personal nature of 
the object. Although the object does not appear to be heavily burned, it is 
more likely than not to have come from a funerary context.
    Sometime in the 1970s, archaeologist William Seidel collected a pipe 
fragment from an unidentified site located south of the elementary school in 
Borrego Springs, CA, an area known to contain a number of cremation burials 
and a gathering place for Cahuilla people for ceremonial and social 
occasions. The pipe is an unassociated funerary object based on the proximity 
of human cremation burials in the area and the ceremonial/personal nature of 
the object. Although the object does not appear to be heavily burned, it is 
more likely than not to have come from a funerary context.

Determinations Made by the California Department of Parks and Recreation

    Officials of the California Department of Parks and Recreation have 
determined that:
     Pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(3)(B), the 91 cultural items described above 
are reasonably believed to have been placed with or near individual human 
remains at the time of death or later as part of the death rite or ceremony 
and is believed, by a preponderance of the evidence, to have been removed 
from a specific burial site of a Native American individual.
     Pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(2), there is a relationship of shared group 
identity that can be reasonably traced between the unassociated funerary 
objects and the Agua Caliente Band of Cahuilla Indians of the Agua Caliente 
Indian Reservation, California; Augustine Band of Cahuilla Indians, 
California (formerly the Augustine Band of Cahuilla Mission Indians of the 
Augustine Reservation); Cabazon Band of Mission Indians, California; Cahuilla 
Band of Mission Indians of the Cahuilla Reservation, California; Los Coyotes 
Band of Cahuilla and Cupeno Indians, California (formerly the Los Coyotes 
Band of Cahuilla & Cupeno Indians of the Los Coyotes Reservation); Morongo 
Band of Mission Indians, California (formerly the Morongo Band of Cahuilla 
Mission Indians of the Morongo Reservation); Ramona Band of Cahuilla, 
California (formerly the Ramona Band or Village of Cahuilla Mission Indians 
of California); Santa Rosa Band of Cahuilla Indians, California (formerly the 
Santa Rosa Band of Cahuilla Mission Indians of the Santa Rosa Reservation); 
and Torres-Martinez Desert Cahuilla Indians, California (formerly the Torres-
Martinez Band of Cahuilla Mission Indians of California) (hereafter referred 
to as ``The Tribes'').

Additional Requestors and Disposition

    Representatives of any Indian tribe that believes itself to be culturally 
affiliated with the unassociated funerary object should contact Rebecca 
Carruthers, NAGPRA Coordinator, California Department of Parks and 
Recreation, 1416 9th Street, Room 902, Sacramento CA 95814, telephone (916) 
653-8893, before May 2, 2012. Repatriation of the unassociated funerary 
objects to The Tribes may proceed after that date if no additional claimants 
come forward.
    The California Department of Parks and Recreation is responsible for 
notifying The Tribes that this notice has been published.

    Dated: March 28, 2012.
Sherry Hutt,
Manager, National NAGPRA Program.
[FR Doc. 2012-7889 Filed 3-30-12; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4312-50-P




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