FR Doc 2010-23406[Federal Register: September 20, 2010 (Volume 75, Number 181)]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR
National Park Service
Notice of Intent to Repatriate a Cultural Item: Oshkosh Public
Museum, Oshkosh, WI
AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.
Notice is here given in accordance with the Native American Graves
Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C. 3005, of the intent
to repatriate a cultural item in the possession of the Oshkosh Public
Museum, Oshkosh, WI, that meets the definition of unassociated funerary
object under 25 U.S.C. 3001.
This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003(d)(3). The
determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the
museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of the cultural
item. The National Park Service is not responsible for the
determinations in this notice.
The cultural item is a partially reconstructed and undecorated
shell-tempered ceramic bowl, 8 cm high and 12 cm in diameter. The bowl
was reconstructed and labeled "47/WN/139 Vessel Q" by the University
of Wisconsin-Oshkosh. After reconstruction, the University returned the
bowl to the landowner, Gerald Lee. According to the Wisconsin State
site report (47-WN-139) the bowl is a small undecorated shell-tempered
pot that was found in 1971. It was found in association with an adult
burial on the property of Gerald Lee in Poygan, WI, and the burial was
reburied at St. Thomas Cemetery, Omro, WI. The Oshkosh Public Museum
accessioned the bowl on April 27, 2010, after Dennis Lee, son of Gerald
Lee, donated the bowl to the museum.
The Wisconsin State site report lists the cultural affiliation for
the Gerald Lee site as Late Woodland, Oneota and Unknown Prehistoric.
The vessel is identified as Oneota by Carol L. Mason in "Site Survey
of Upland and Endangered Areas of Winnebago and Green Lake Counties,"
(Reports of Investigations, Number 6, University of Wisconsin-Oshkosh,
1995, p. A-11).
In response to notification letters sent by the Oshkosh Public
Museum, the Ho-Chunk Nation has claimed the bowl. In support of their
claim, the Ho-Chunk Nation stated that present-day archeology
recognizes shell-tempered ceramics as Oneota in origin and strongly
suggests that the Ho-chunk, Iowa, Otoe and Missouri are present-day
descendents of the Oneota. The Ho-Chunk Nation further claim that their
oral tradition coincides with an Oneota origin and that the Poygan,WI,
area is part of the their aboriginal homeland.
Officials of the Oshkosh Public Museum have determined that,
pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(3)(B), the one cultural item described above
is reasonably believed to have been placed with or near individual
human remains at the time of death or later as part of the death rite
or ceremony and is believed, by preponderance of the evidence, to have
been removed from a specific burial site of a Native American
individual. Officials of the Oshkosh Public Museum also have determined
that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(2), there is a relationship of shared
group identity that can be reasonably traced between the unassociated
funerary object and the Ho-Chunk Nation of Wisconsin; Iowa Tribe of
Kansas and Nebraska; Iowa Tribe of Oklahoma; Otoe-Missouria Tribe of
Indians, Oklahoma; and Winnebago Tribe of Nebraska.
Representatives of any other Indian tribe that believes itself to
be culturally affiliated with the unassociated funerary
object should contact Joan Lloyd, Oshkosh Public Museum, 1331 Algoma
Blvd., Oshkosh, WI 54901, telephone (920) 236-5766, before October 20,
2010. Repatriation of the unassociated funerary object to the Ho-Chunk
Nation of Wisconsin may proceed after that date if no additional
claimants come forward.
The Oshkosh Public Museum is responsible for notifying the Ho-Chunk
Nation of Wisconsin; Iowa Tribe of Kansas and Nebraska; Iowa Tribe of
Oklahoma; Menominee Indian Tribe of Wisconsin; Otoe-Missouria Tribe of
Indians, Oklahoma; and the Winnebago Tribe of Nebraska, that this
notice has been published.
Dated: September 10, 2010
Manager, National NAGPRA Program.
[FR Doc. 2010-23406 Filed 9-17-10; 8:45 am]
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