FR Doc 2010-18997[Federal Register: August 3, 2010 (Volume 75, Number 148)]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR
National Park Service
Notice of Intent to Repatriate a Cultural Item: Taylor Museum of
the Colorado Springs Fine Arts Center, Colorado Springs, CO
AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.
Notice is here given in accordance with the Native American Graves
Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C. 3005, of the intent
to repatriate a cultural item in the possession of the Taylor Museum of
the Colorado Springs Fine Arts Center, Colorado Springs, CO, that meets
the definition of object of cultural patrimony under 25 U.S.C. 3001.
This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003(d)(3). The
determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the
museum, institution, or Federal
agency that has control of the cultural items. The National Park
Service is not responsible for the determinations in this notice.
In 1951, the Taylor Museum purchased a Northwest Coast totem pole
(TM 3991) from Ralph C. Altman/Lumber Yard of Joshua Marks, Los
Angeles, CA. The piece was officially accessioned into the museum's
collection on May 7, 1951.
The totem pole, dated circa 1870, is from the Haida village of Old
Kasaan, Prince of Wales Island, southeastern Alaska. The totem pole
originally stood in front of a house, and both were used by Chief Son-
i-hat, "Southeast Wind," of the Eagle phratry and one of the great
chiefs of Old Kasaan. The house was named Adolescent Girl House. Chief
Son-i-Hat also had a home not far from present-day Kasaan, which is
currently the only remaining traditional Haida longhouse in Alaska.
The pole was bought by a man from Los Angeles around 1908. The pole
and house were taken to Los Angeles, and the dismantled house was
rebuilt on a smaller scale. Chief Son-i-hat, who took along dancing
paraphernalia, also accompanied the house and pole. Chief Son-i-hat
stayed about two years, and according to his son, staged dances and
gave speeches about the ways of his fellow Haida people. When the
Taylor Museum of the Colorado Springs Fine Arts Center acquired the
pole, it was laying in a lumber yard ready to be sawed up for wood
In approximately early 2007, the museum began researching the pole
and started consultations with tribal representatives from the
Organized Village of Kasaan. Totem poles in the Haida culture represent
clans, serve as grave markers, and also relate important events.
According to representatives of the Organized Village of Kasaan, the
totem pole is clan property. A totem pole is not property owned by an
individual, and no single individual can alienate or convey this clan
property. Furthermore, the totem pole was clan property at the time of
its alienation, and ownership of the totem pole and crest designs
depicted are owned by the clan, Yaadas of Gasa'aan (Old Kasaan).
Therefore, the totem pole is an object of cultural patrimony under
Officials of the Taylor Museum of the Colorado Springs Fine Arts
Center have determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 300(3)(D), the one
cultural item described above has ongoing historical, traditional, or
cultural importance central to the Native American group or culture
itself, rather than property owned by an individual. Officials of the
Taylor Museum of the Colorado Springs Fine Arts Center also have
determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(2), there is a relationship
of shared group identity that can be reasonably traced between the
object of cultural patrimony and the Organized Village of Kasaan
Representatives of any other Indian tribe that believes itself to
be culturally affiliated with the object of cultural patrimony should
contact Tariana Navas-Nieves, Curator of Hispanic and Native American
Art, Taylor Museum of the Colorado Springs Fine Arts Center, 30 West
Dale St., Colorado Springs, CO 80903, telephone (719) 477-4334, before
September 2, 2010. Repatriation of the object of cultural patrimony to
the Organized Village of Kasaan may proceed after that date if no
additional claimants come forward.
The Taylor Museum of the Colorado Springs Fine Arts Center is
responsible for notifying the Organized Village of Kasaan that this
notice has been published.
Dated: July 26, 2010
Manager, National NAGPRA Program.
[FR Doc. 2010-18997 Filed 8-2-10; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4312-50-S
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