FR Doc 2010-10368[Federal Register: May 4, 2010 (Volume 75, Number 85)]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR
National Park Service
Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: Rochester Museum &
Science Center, Rochester, NY
AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.
Notice is here given in accordance with the Native American Graves
Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C. 3005, of the intent
to repatriate cultural items in the possession of the Rochester Museum
& Science Center, Rochester, NY, that meet the definitions of "sacred
objects" and "objects of cultural patrimony" under 25 U.S.C. 3001.
This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003(d)(3). The
determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the
museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of the cultural
items. The National Park Service is not responsible for the
determinations in this notice.
In 1929, the museum purchased two small wooden medicine faces from
Alvin Dewey, Rochester, NY. On March 25, 1922, Alvin Dewey obtained
them from Albert G. Heath, Chicago, IL. The first medicine face
measures 2 3/4'' inches long (AE 2880/D 10922/29.259.27). The second
medicine face is a small wooden "Leader's" face that measures 2 7/8''
long (AE 2881/D 11923/29.259.28). According to the documentation, these
were individually tied to poles "and carried by the Leader in the
Seneca False Face Ceremonies."
Museum documentation indicates that these medicine faces are
culturally affiliated with the "Seneca." NAGPRA representative
consultants from the Tonawanda Seneca Nation informed the Rochester
Museum & Science Center that ethnographic objects identified as
"Seneca" should go back to them because the Tonawanda Seneca Nation
is the center of the Seneca religious fire. This was agreed upon by
representatives from the Seneca Nation of New York, the Tonawanda Band
of Seneca Indians of New York, and the Seneca-Cayuga Tribe of Oklahoma.
Tonawanda Seneca Nation traditional religious leaders have
identified these medicine faces as being needed for the practice of
traditional Native American religions by present-day adherents. During
consultation, it was shown that individuals who carved a face did not
have the authority to alienate it to a third party or sell it
indirectly to the Rochester Museum & Science Center. Therefore, based
on consultation with NAGPRA representatives from the Tonawanda Seneca
Nation and other Haudenosaunee and non-Haudenosaunee consultants, the
museum has determined that the medicine faces are both sacred objects
and objects of cultural patrimony.
Officials of the Rochester Museum & Science Center have determined,
that pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(3)(C), the two cultural items described
above are specific ceremonial objects needed by traditional Native
American religious leaders for the practice of traditional Native
American religions by their present-day adherents. Officials of the
Rochester Museum & Science Center have also determined that, pursuant
to 25 U.S.C. 3001(3)(D), the two cultural items described above have an
ongoing historical, traditional, or cultural importance central to the
Native American group or culture itself, rather than property owned by
an individual. Lastly, officials of the Rochester Museum & Science
Center have determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(2), there is a
relationship of shared group identity that can be reasonably traced
between the sacred objects/objects of cultural patrimony and the
Tonawanda Band of Seneca Indians of New York.
Representatives of any other Indian Nation or tribe that believes
itself to be culturally affiliated with the sacred objects/objects of
cultural patrimony should contact Adele DeRosa, NAGPRA Coordinator/
Collections Manager, Rochester Museum & Science Center, 657 East Ave.,
Rochester, NY 14607, telephone (585) 271-4552, ext 302, before June 3,
2010. Repatriation of the sacred objects/objects of cultural patrimony
to the Tonawanda Band of Seneca Indians of New York may proceed after
that date if no additional claimants come forward.
The Rochester Museum & Science Center is responsible for notifying
the Seneca Nation of New York, Seneca-Cayuga Tribe of Oklahoma, and
Tonawanda Band of Seneca Indians of New York that this notice has been
Dated: April 12, 2010.
Manager, National NAGPRA Program.
[FR Doc. 2010-10368 Filed 5-3-10; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4312-50-S
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