FR Doc 2010-6573[Federal Register: March 25, 2010 (Volume 75, Number 57)]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR
National Park Service
Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: Western Reserve
Historical Society, Cleveland, OH
AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.
Notice is here given in accordance with the Native American Graves
Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C. 3005, of the intent
to repatriate cultural items in the possession of the Western Reserve
Historical Society, Cleveland, OH, that meet the definitions of
"sacred objects" and "objects of cultural patrimony" under 25
This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003 (d)(3).
The determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the
museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of the cultural
items. The National Park Service is not responsible for the
determinations in this notice.
The three cultural items are a Double bladed dagger (Accession
42.1241); Chilkat blanket (No number); and Raven rattle (No number).
In 1867, the Western Reserve Historical Society was founded.
Starting in 1894, book numbers were assigned consecutively to objects.
In 1940, this practice was terminated, as the records for accessions
were scant or non-existent. From 1940-1943, a large-scale inventory of
the Society's holdings was conducted and accession numbers were
assigned to those objects with no prior book number or provenience.
Although the Double bladed dagger has an accession number, it has no
provenience information and the catalog card has only a physical
description. Furthermore, the Chilkat blanket and Raven rattle were
overlooked in the 1940 inventory process, and do not have accession
numbers nor provenience information. All objects did not have a
cultural affiliation listed.
Collaboration with the Cleveland Museum of Natural History aided in
the possible cultural affiliation of the objects with the Tlingit and
Haida. Photographs of the items and copies of catalog records were sent
to various Alaskan Indian organizations for identification. The Central
Council of the Tlingit & Haida Indian Tribes further identified the
Double bladed dagger as "Shak[aacute]ts:, the Chilkat blanket as
"Naaxein", and the Raven rattle as "Y[eacute]il Sheishoox." Based
on consultation the museum reasonably believes these cultural items are
culturally affiliated with the Tlingit. Furthermore, the museum was
also informed during consultation that the objects are considered to be
both sacred and objects of cultural patrimony.
Officials of the Western Reserve Historical Society have determined
that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (3)(C), the three cultural items
described above are specific ceremonial objects needed by traditional
Native American religious leaders for the practice of traditional
Native American religions by their present-day adherents. Officials of
the Western Reserve Historical Society also have determined that,
pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (3)(D), the three cultural items described
above have ongoing historical, traditional, or cultural importance
central to the Native American group or culture itself, rather than
property owned by an individual. Lastly, officials of the Western
Reserve Historical Society also have determined that, pursuant to 25
U.S.C. 3001 (2), there is a relationship of shared group identity that
can be reasonably traced between the sacred objects/objects of cultural
patrimony and the Central Council of the Tlingit & Haida Indian Tribes.
Representatives of any other Indian tribe that believes itself to
be culturally affiliated with the sacred objects/objects of cultural
patrimony should contact Danielle R. Peck, Senior Registrar, Western
Reserve Historical Society, 10825 E. Blvd., Cleveland, OH 44106,
telephone (216) 721-5722, ext. 262, before April 26, 2010. Repatriation
of the sacred objects/objects of cultural patrimony to the Central
Council of the Tlingit & Haida Indian Tribes may proceed after that
date if no additional claimants come forward.
The Western Reserve Historical Society is responsible for notifying
the Central Council of the Tlingit & Haida
Indian Tribes that this notice has been published.
Dated: March 8, 2010
Manager, National NAGPRA Program.
[FR Doc. 2010-6573 Filed 3-24-10; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4312-50-S
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