FR Doc 2010-5167[Federal Register: March 11, 2010 (Volume 75, Number 47)]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR
National Park Service
Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: Museum of Northern
Arizona, Flagstaff, AZ
AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.
Notice is here given in accordance with the Native American Graves
Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C. 3005, of the intent
to repatriate cultural items in the possession of the Museum of
Northern Arizona, Flagstaff, AZ, that meet the definitions of "sacred
objects" and "objects of cultural patrimony" under 25 U.S.C. 3001.
This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003 (d)(3).
The determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the
museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of the cultural
items. The National Park Service is not responsible for the
determinations in this notice.
In January and September 2000, cultural items were gifted to the
Museum of Northern Arizona by a private donor. The cultural items are
Navajo sandpainting drawings and water color/pencil drawings, and are
divided into three collections.
The first collection was originally collected by an old trading
post family in the area of Farmington, NM. The 29 cultural items are 4
watercolors of sacred Navajo Yei figures and deities; 22 water colors
and/or pencil drawings depicting Navajo ceremonial sandpaintings from
specific chants; and 3 pages of hand written notes describing the
Feather Way and Big Star Way ceremonies.
The second collection, by Ray Winnie, Lukachukai, AZ, circa 1920s,
depicts a sacred Navajo ceremonial sandpainting. Mr. Winnie was a
Singer of the Shooting Way ceremony. The one cultural item is a colored
pencil drawing on brown paper.
The third collection, by Ray Winnie, Lukachukai, AZ, circa 1920s,
depicts sacred Navajo ceremonial sandpaintings. Mr. Winnie was a Singer
of the Shooting Way ceremony. The six cultural items consist of one
notebook with pencil and crayon drawings, four color pencil drawings,
and one muslin watercolor depicting Navajo ceremonies.
A traditional practitioner of Navajo religious ceremonies
determined the images presented were of sacred esoteric knowledge with
specific ceremonial properties that continue to be used by traditional
Navajo religious practitioners. Based on the sacred esoteric knowledge
of the images, the paintings could not have been obtained voluntarily
nor could they have been alienated by a single individual, and instead
belong to the tribe as a whole.
Officials of the Museum of Northern Arizona have determined that,
pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (3)(C), the 36 cultural items described
above are specific ceremonial objects needed by traditional Native
American religious leaders for the practice of traditional Native
American religions by their present-day adherents. Officials of the
Museum of Northern Arizona also have determined that, pursuant to 25
U.S.C. 3001 (3)(D), the 36 cultural items described above have ongoing
historical, traditional, or cultural importance central to the Native
American group or culture itself, rather than property owned by an
individual. Lastly, officials of the Museum of Northern Arizona have
determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (2), there is a
relationship of shared group identity that can be reasonably traced
between the sacred objects/objects of cultural patrimony and the Navajo
Nation, Arizona, New Mexico & Utah.
Representatives of any other Indian tribe that believes itself to
be culturally affiliated with the sacred objects/objects of cultural
patrimony should contact Elaine Hughes, NAGPRA Contact, Museum of
Northern Arizona, 3101 N. Ft. Valley Road, Flagstaff, AZ 86004,
telephone (928) 774-5211, ext. 270, before April 12, 2010. Repatriation
of the sacred objects/objects of cultural patrimony to the Navajo
Nation, Arizona, New Mexico & Utah may proceed after that date if no
additional claimants come forward.
The Museum of Northern Arizona is responsible for notifying the
Navajo Nation, Arizona, New Mexico & Utah that this notice has been
Dated: December 10, 2010
Richard C. Waldbauer,
Acting Manager, National NAGPRA Program.
[FR Doc. 2010-5167 Filed 3-10-10; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4312-50-S
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