FR Doc E9-5330[Federal Register: March 12, 2009 (Volume 74, Number 47)]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR
National Park Service
Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: County of
Nacogdoches, Nacogdoches, TX
AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.
Notice is here given in accordance with the Native American Graves
Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C. 3005, of the intent
to repatriate cultural items in the possession of the County of
Nacogdoches, Nacogdoches, TX, that meet the definition of
"unassociated funerary objects" under 25 U.S.C. 3001.
This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003 (d)(3).
in this notice are the sole responsibility of the museum, institution,
or Federal agency that has control of the cultural items. The National
Park Service is not responsible for the determinations in this notice.
In 2004, an incised bowl and two chert drills were removed from a
burial pit at archeological site 41NA231, also known as the Tallow
Grove site, in the Lake Naconiche project area, Nacogdoches County, TX.
The removal was associated with archeological data recovery in an area
to be impacted by construction and/or operation of Lake Naconiche. No
preserved human remains were in the burial pit.
The Tallow Grove site, 41NA231, is a Middle Caddo Period habitation
on a late Holocene terrace near Naconiche Creek. The temporal context
is supported by recovered temporally diagnostic artifacts, radiocarbon
analyses, and oxidizable carbon ratio dates. The main occupation of the
site took place between the early part of the 13th century and
approximately A.D. 1480, and was preceded by an earlier Woodland Period
occupation that dates from 110 B.C. to A.D. 435. None of the
radiocarbon-dated features are earlier than the Middle Caddo Period.
The small cemetery (approximately 8 x 6 meters), situated near the
remnants of several structures, and an extensive midden deposit and
outdoor work area, contained eight burials. Five burials had preserved
human remains (two of these burials included associated funerary
objects), two burial pits preserved neither human remains nor
associated funerary objects, and one burial pit preserved no human
remains, but did contain the unassociated funerary objects described
above. The mortuary practices and types of associated and unassociated
funerary objects are consistent with the traditions of the Caddo Indian
peoples. Preserved funerary offerings included pottery vessels placed
near the shoulders or head. Geographic placement of the site and
archeological evidence provide a reasonable basis for the officials of
the County of Nacogdoches to believe that the unassociated funerary
objects are culturally affiliated with the Caddo Nation of Oklahoma.
Officials of the County of Nacogdoches have determined that,
pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (3)(B), the three cultural items described
above are reasonably believed to have been placed with or near
individual human remains at the time of death or later as part of the
death rite or ceremony and are believed, by a preponderance of the
evidence, to have been removed from a specific burial site of a Native
American individual. Officials of the County of Nacogdoches also have
determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (2), there is a
relationship of shared group identity that can be reasonably traced
between the unassociated funerary objects and the Caddo Nation of
Representatives of any other Indian tribe that believes itself to
be culturally affiliated with the unassociated funerary objects should
contact George Campbell, County of Nacogdoches, 101 West Main Street,
Nacogdoches, TX 75961, telephone (936) 569-6772, before April 13, 2009.
Repatriation of the unassociated funerary objects to the Caddo Nation
of Oklahoma may proceed after that date if no additional claimants come
The County of Nacogdoches is responsible for notifying the Caddo
Nation of Oklahoma that this notice has been published.
Dated: February 20, 2009
Acting Manager, National NAGPRA Program.
[FR Doc. E9-5330 Filed 3-11-09; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4312-50-S
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