FR Doc E8-24973[Federal Register: October 21, 2008 (Volume 73, Number 204)]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR
National Park Service
Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: U.S. Department of
Defense, Army Corps of Engineers, Portland District, Portland, OR and
University of Oregon Museum of Natural and Cultural History, Eugene, OR
AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.
Notice is here given in accordance with the Native American Graves
Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C. 3005, of the intent
to repatriate cultural items, for which the University of Oregon Museum
of Natural and Cultural History, Eugene, OR, and U.S. Department of
Defense, Army Corps of Engineers, Portland District, Portland, OR, have
joint responsibility, that meet the definition of "unassociated
funerary objects" under 25 U.S.C. 3001.
This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003 (d)(3).
The determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the
museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of the cultural
items. The National Park Service is not responsible for the
determinations in this notice.
In 1952, cultural items were removed from site 35-WS-5, Wasco
County, OR, during the River Basin Survey Party excavations conducted
prior to construction of The Dalles Dam. The cultural items were later
accessioned by the University of Oregon Museum (Museum Catalog No. 1-
22725 to 1-22731). The seven unassociated funerary objects are one pipe
fragment, one stone bead, one scraper, one drill fragment, one worked
pebble, one unidentified "fragment," and one lot of glass beads.
According to the project report authored by J.L. Shiner, the
objects were not considered grave goods nor evidence of burials,
inhumations and/or cremations. However, museum catalog records list the
artifacts as being associated with a "surface cremation site;"
subsequent excavations conducted in 1954 and 1961 revealed that burials
and human remains were also present. More-specific provenience
information for the cultural items has not been determined because the
original project field notes are unavailable for review. Based on
museum records and subsequent excavations, the cultural items are
reasonably believed to be unassociated funerary objects.
Site 35-WS-5 is located on the south shore of the Columbia River,
approximately 2 miles east of The Dalles Dam. The site is described as
a permanent Wasco village that was occupied prior to A.D. 1800. The
site was inundated by Lake Celilo after the construction of The Dalles
Lock and Dam. The burial pattern observed within the site is consistent
with customs of Columbia Plateau Native American groups. Ethnographic
and museum records indicate that the cultural items are consistent with
cultural objects typically found in context with burials characteristic
of the Mid-Columbia River Basin.
Site 35-WS-5 is located within the traditional lands of the
present-day Confederated Tribes of the Warm Springs Reservation of
Oregon, which is composed of three Wasco bands, four Warm Springs bands
and Northern Paiutes. The Columbia River-based Wasco were the
easternmost group of Chinookan-speaking Indians. The Sahaptin-speaking
Warm Springs bands lived farther east along the Columbia River and its
tributaries. Northern Paiutes, who spoke a Uto-Aztecan language,
historically occupied much of southeastern Oregon. The Confederated
Tribes of the Warm Springs Reservation of Oregon peoples also
traditionally shared the site area with relatives and neighbors whose
descendants may be culturally affiliated with the 14 Sahaptin, Salish
and Chinookan-speaking tribes and bands of the present-day Confederated
Tribes and Bands of the Yakama Nation, Washington. Yakama homelands
were traditionally located on the Washington side of the Columbia River
between the eastern flanks of the Cascade Range and the lower reaches
of the Yakima River drainage.
Officials of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Portland District
have determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (3)(B), the seven
cultural items described above are reasonably believed to have been
placed with or near individual human remains at the time of death or
later as part of the death rite or ceremony and are believed, by
preponderance of the evidence, to have been removed from a specific
burial site of a Native American individual. Officials of the U.S. Army
Corps of Engineers, Portland District also have determined that,
pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (2), there is a relationship of shared group
identity that can be reasonably traced between the unassociated
funerary objects and the Confederated Tribes of the Warm Springs
Reservation of Oregon and/or Confederated Tribes and Bands of the
Yakama Nation, Washington.
Representatives of any other Indian tribe that believes itself to
be culturally affiliated with the unassociated funerary objects should
contact Daniel Mulligan, NAGPRA Coordinator, Environmental Resources
Branch, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Portland District, P.O. Box 2946,
Portland, OR 97208-2946, telephone (503) 808-4768, before November 20,
2008. Repatriation of the unassociated funerary objects to the
Confederated Tribes of the Warm Springs Reservation of Oregon and/or
Confederated Tribes and Bands of the Yakama Nation, Washington may
proceed after that date if no additional claimants come forward.
The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Portland District is responsible
for notifying the Confederated Tribes of the Warm Springs Reservation
of Oregon and Confederated Tribes and Bands of the Yakama Nation,
Washington that this notice has been published.
Dated: September 10, 2008.
Manager, National NAGPRA Program.
[FR Doc. E8-24973 Filed 10-20-08; 8:45 am]
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