FR Doc E8-23971[Federal Register: October 9, 2008 (Volume 73, Number 197)]
[Notices]               
[Page 59652-59653]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
[DOCID:fr09oc08-114]                         

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

National Park Service
 
Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: San Diego 
Archaeological Center, San Diego, CA

AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.

ACTION: Notice.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------

    Notice is here given in accordance with the Native American Graves 
Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C. 3005, of the intent 
to repatriate cultural items in the possession of the San Diego 
Archaeological Center, San Diego, CA, that meet the definition of 
"sacred objects" under 25 U.S.C. 3001.
    This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's 
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003 (d)(3). 
The determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the 
museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of the cultural 
items. The National Park Service is not responsible for the 
determinations in this notice.
    In 1982, one cultural item was removed from archeological site CA-
SDI-4616 in San Diego County, CA, as part of an archeological 
excavation performed in compliance with the California Environmental 
Quality Act (CEQA). In 2006, the collection was accessioned by the San 
Diego Archaeological Center, and assessed for objects eligible for 
repatriation in accordance with NAGPRA. The one cultural item is a 
quartz crystal.
    CA-SDI-4616 is located on the U.S. Geographical Survey topographic 
map of Del Mar north of Carmel Valley Road. This site falls within 
traditional Kumeyaay territory, and the reporting archeologists 
determined it to be of the ``Late Prehistoric Period.'' Crystals are 
known to be used by the Kumeyaay Nation in sacred rites.
    In 1980, 21 cultural items were removed from archeological site CA-
SDI-1057 in San Diego County, CA, as part of an archeological 
excavation performed in compliance with the California Environmental 
Quality Act (CEQA). In 2006, the collection was accessioned by the San 
Diego Archaeological Center, and assessed for objects eligible for 
repatriation in accordance with NAGPRA. The 21 cultural items are 3 
quartz crystals, 3 shell beads, 3 pieces of ochre, 2 pieces of 
tourmaline, 2 shell pendants, 7 ceramic spheres, and 1 carved ceramic 
sherd.
    Site CA-SDI-1057 is located in the City of Escondido. This site 
falls within traditional Kumeyaay territory, and the reporting 
archeologists determined it to be of the ``Late Prehistoric Period.'' 
Crystals, shell beads, ochre, pendants, ceramic spheres, and carved 
ceramic pieces are known to be used by the Kumeyaay Nation in sacred 
rites.
    In 1979, one cultural item was removed from archeological site CA-
SDI-5505, San Diego County, CA, as part of an archeological excavation 
performed in compliance with the California Environmental Quality Act 
(CEQA). In 2006, the collection was accessioned by the San Diego 
Archaeological Center, and assessed for objects eligible for 
repatriation in accordance with NAGPRA. The one cultural item is a 
quartz crystal.
    Site CA-SDI-5505 is located in the northern part of the City of 
Escondido, south of the San Luis Rey River. This site falls within 
traditional Kumeyaay territory. Crystals are known to be used by the 
Kumeyaay Nation in sacred rites.
    In 1978 through 1981, 32 cultural items were removed from 
archeological site CA-SDI-5669 in San Diego County, CA, as part of an 
archeological excavation performed in compliance with the California 
Environmental Quality Act (CEQA). In 2006, the collection was 
accessioned by the San Diego Archaeological Center, and assessed for 
objects eligible for repatriation in accordance with NAGPRA. The 32 
cultural items are 23 ceramic pipe fragments, 8 pieces of ochre, and 1 
quartz crystal.
    Site CA-SDI-5669 is located in the City of Santee. This site falls 
within traditional Kumeyaay territory, and the reporting archeologists 
determined it to be of the ``Late Prehistoric Period.'' Ceramic pipes, 
ochre and crystals are known to be used by the Kumeyaay Nation in 
sacred rites.
    At an unknown date, one cultural item was removed from 
archeological site CA-SDI-6704 in San Diego County, CA, as part of an 
archeological excavation performed in compliance with the California 
Environmental Quality Act (CEQA). In 2006, the collection was 
accessioned by the San Diego Archaeological Center, and assessed for 
objects eligible for repatriation in accordance with NAGPRA. The one 
cultural item is a quartz crystal.
    Site CA-SDI-6704 is located in the U.S. Geographical Survey 
topographic map of Rodriquez Mountain, east of the junction of Valley 
Parkway and Woods Valley Road, and south of the San Luis Ray River. 
This site falls within traditional Kumeyaay territory, and the 
reporting archeologists determined it to be of the ``Late Prehistoric 
Period.'' Crystals are known to be used by the Kumeyaay Nation in 
sacred rites.
    In 1979, fragments of one ceramic pipe were removed from 
archeological site CA-SDI-6874 in San Diego County, CA, as part of an 
archeological excavation performed in compliance with the California 
Environmental Quality Act (CEQA). In 2006, the collection was 
accessioned by the San Diego Archaeological Center, and assessed for 
objects eligible for repatriation in accordance with NAGPRA.
    Site CA-SDI-6874 is located in the U.S. Geographical Survey 
quadrangle of Agua Caliente. This site falls within traditional 
Kumeyaay territory, and the reporting archeologists determined it to be 
of the ``Late Prehistoric Period.'' Ceramic pipes are known to be used 
by the Kumeyaay Nation in sacred rites.
    In 1982, 93 cultural items were removed from archeological site CA-
SDI-6669 in San Diego County, CA, as part of an archeological 
excavation performed in compliance with the California Environmental 
Quality Act (CEQA). In 2006, the collection was accessioned by the San 
Diego Archaeological Center, and assessed for objects eligible for 
repatriation in accordance with NAGPRA. The 93 cultural items are 1 
ceramic bead, 14 ceramic pipe pieces, 1 rim sherd, 1 chalcedony knife, 
1 stone bead, 1 stone pendant, 1 quartzite palette, 1 shaft 
straightener, 1 small pestle, 48 quartz crystals, 7 tourmaline 
crystals, 15 mineral specimens, and 1 shell bead.
    Site CA-SDI-6669 (SDM-W-230) is located on the U.S. Geographical 
Survey topographic map of Poway, at the intersection of Sabre Springs 
Parkway and Poway Road near the City of Poway. This site falls within 
traditional Kumeyaay territory, and based on radiocarbon date had two 
periods of occupation. Locus A, B, and C were occupied from A.D. 1120 
to A.D. 1750. Feature 4, locus B had radiocarbon dates establishing 
occupation at 1000 B.C. Ceramic beads, ceramic pipes, pottery, stone 
knives, stone beads, stone pendants, stone palettes, shaft

[[Page 59653]]

straighteners, pestles, crystals and minerals are known to be used by 
the Kumeyaay Nation in sacred rites.
    In 1994 and 1995, seven cultural items were removed from 
archeological site CA-SDI-12126 in San Diego County, CA, as part of an 
archeological excavation performed in compliance with the California 
Environmental Quality Act (CEQA). In 2006, the collection was 
accessioned by the San Diego Archaeological Center, and assessed for 
objects eligible for repatriation in accordance with NAGPRA. The seven 
cultural items are three pieces of ochre, one shell bead fragment, and 
three shell beads.
    Site CA-SDI-12126 is located along the San Diego River Valley, 4 
miles east of the ocean. This site falls within traditional Kumeyaay 
territory, and the reporting archeologists determined it to be of the 
``Late Prehistoric Period.'' Ochre and shell beads are known to be used 
by the Kumeyaay Nation in sacred rites.
    The Kumeyaay Nation is represented by the Barona Group of Capitan 
Grande Band of Mission Indians of the Barona Reservation, California; 
Campo Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of the Campo Indian Reservation, 
California; Capitan Grande Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of 
California; Ewiiaapaayp Band of Kumeyaay Indians, California; Inaja 
Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of the Inaja and Cosmit Reservation, 
California; Jamul Indian Village of California; La Posta Band of 
Diegueno Mission Indians of the La Posta Indian Reservation, 
California; Manzanita Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of the Manzanita 
Reservation, California; Mesa Grande Band of Diegueno Mission Indians 
of the Mesa Grande Reservation, California; San Pasqual Band of 
Diegueno Mission Indians of California; Santa Ysabel Band of Diegueno 
Mission Indians of the Santa Ysabel Reservation, California; Sycuan 
Band of the Kumeyaay Nation (formerly the Sycuan Band of Diegueno 
Mission Indians of California); and Viejas (Baron Long) Group of 
Capitan Grande Band of Mission Indians of the Viejas Reservation, 
California.
    Officials of the San Diego Archaeological Center have determined 
that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (3)(C), the 157 cultural items 
described above are specific ceremonial objects needed by traditional 
Native American religious leaders for the practice of traditional 
Native American religions by their present-day adherents. Officials of 
the San Diego Archaeological Center also have determined that, pursuant 
to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (2), there is a relationship of shared group identity 
that can be reasonably traced between the sacred objects and the 
Kumeyaay Nation, as represented by the Barona Group of Capitan Grande 
Band of Mission Indians of the Barona Reservation, California; Campo 
Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of the Campo Indian Reservation, 
California; Capitan Grande Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of 
California; Ewiiaapaayp Band of Kumeyaay Indians, California; Inaja 
Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of the Inaja and Cosmit Reservation, 
California; Jamul Indian Village of California; La Posta Band of 
Diegueno Mission Indians of the La Posta Indian Reservation, 
California; Manzanita Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of the Manzanita 
Reservation, California; Mesa Grande Band of Diegueno Mission Indians 
of the Mesa Grande Reservation, California; San Pasqual Band of 
Diegueno Mission Indians of California; Santa Ysabel Band of Diegueno 
Mission Indians of the Santa Ysabel Reservation, California; Sycuan 
Band of the Kumeyaay Nation; and Viejas (Baron Long) Group of Capitan 
Grande Band of Mission Indians of the Viejas Reservation, California.
    Representatives of any other Indian tribe that believes itself to 
be culturally affiliated with the sacred objects should contact Cindy 
Stankowski, San Diego Archaeological Center, 16666 San Pasqual Valley 
Road, Escondido, CA 92027-7001, telephone (760) 291-0370, before 
November 10, 2008. Repatriation of the sacred objects to the Kumeyaay 
Nation, on behalf of the Barona Group of Capitan Grande Band of Mission 
Indians of the Barona Reservation, California; Campo Band of Diegueno 
Mission Indians of the Campo Indian Reservation, California; Capitan 
Grande Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of California; Ewiiaapaayp Band 
of Kumeyaay Indians, California; Inaja Band of Diegueno Mission Indians 
of the Inaja and Cosmit Reservation, California; Jamul Indian Village 
of California; La Posta Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of the La 
Posta Indian Reservation, California; Manzanita Band of Diegueno 
Mission Indians of the Manzanita Reservation, California; Mesa Grande 
Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of the Mesa Grande Reservation, 
California; San Pasqual Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of California; 
Santa Ysabel Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of the Santa Ysabel 
Reservation, California; Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation; and Viejas 
(Baron Long) Group of Capitan Grande Band of Mission Indians of the 
Viejas Reservation, California may proceed after that date if no 
additional claimants come forward.
    The San Diego Archaeological Center is responsible for notifying 
the Barona Group of Capitan Grande Band of Mission Indians of the 
Barona Reservation, California; Campo Band of Diegueno Mission Indians 
of the Campo Indian Rseservation, California; Capitan Grande Band of 
Diegueno Mission Indians of California; Ewiiaapaayp Band of Kumeyaay 
Indians, California; Inaja Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of the 
Inaja and Cosmit Reservation, California; Jamul Indian Village of 
California; La Posta Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of the La Posta 
Indian Reservation, California; Manzanita Band of Diegueno Mission 
Indians of the Manzanita Reservation, California; Mesa Grande Band of 
Diegueno Mission Indians of the Mesa Grande Reservation, California; 
San Pasqual Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of California; Santa 
Ysabel Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of the Santa Ysabel 
Reservation, California; Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation; and Viejas 
(Baron Long) Group of Capitan Grande Band of Mission Indians of the 
Viejas Reservation, California that this notice has been published.

    Dated: September 10, 2008
Sherry Hutt,
Manager, National NAGPRA Program.
[FR Doc. E8-23971 Filed 10-8-08; 8:45 am]

BILLING CODE 4312-50-S

Back to the top