FR Doc 03-8193
[Federal Register: April 4, 2003 (Volume 68, Number 65)]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR
National Park Service
Notice of Intent To Repatriate a Cultural Item: Field Museum of
Natural History, Chicago, IL
AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior
Notice is here given in accordance with the Native American Graves
Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C. 3005, Sec. 7, of
the intent to repatriate a cultural item in the possession of the Field
Museum of Natural History, Chicago, IL, that meets the definition of
``cultural patrimony'' under 25 U.S.C. 3001.
This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003, Sec.
5(d)(3). The determinations within this notice are the sole
responsibility of the museum, institution, or Federal agency that has
control of these cultural items. The National Park Service is not
responsible for the determinations within this notice.
The cultural item is a wampum belt, which is composed of purple
beads with white beads forming the design of four pairs of diamonds. It
is interwoven with buckskin and has fringe at the ends. The wampum belt
measures 3 feet 8\1/8\ inches long without the fringe.
The Field Museum of Natural History purchased the wampum belt in
1900 from Henry Hysen of Wisconsin. The Field Museum of Natural History
assessioned the wampum belt into its collection the same year (catalog
number 68567). Museum records indicate that Mr. Hysen purchased the
wampum belt ``from the owner who lived on the Stock Ridge Reservation,
one of the Brotherton Indians whose family had held the belt since it
was sent to them by Chief Black Hawk as a message to the tribes of the
Michigan and Wisconsin Indians assembled at Travers bay to hold them in
control during his warfare.'' A separate catalog entry, that is neither
attributed nor dated, identifies the belt as the Peace and Friendship
Belt sent by ``Black Hawk war chief of the Sauk tribe of Indians in the
year A.D. 1832 to the Ottawa tribe, residing near Traverse Bay,
Michigan, asking them to remain neutral in the war which Black Hawk was
about to wage against the American Government.'' It further provides
that the belt had ``been kept in the family of the old chief Ta-ko-se-
gun and by his son-in-law presented to G.T. Wendell.''
The wampum belt is culturally affiliated with the Brotherton
Indians. Expert opinion submitted to the Field Museum of Natural
History by the Stockbridge Munsee Community, Wisconsin supports the
finding that any Brotherton Indian living on the Stockbridge
Reservation at the time the wampum belt was acquired would have been
considered a full member of the Stockbridge tribe (now called the
Stockbridge Munsee Community, Wisconsin). The determination of cultural
affiliation was also confirmed by the Field Museum of Natural History's
consulting with an outside expert familiar with wampum belts of this
time period. The Field Museum of Natural History has determined that
the large size, composition, and design of the wampum belt indicates
that it is an important ``historical'' belt, meaning that the belt was
a record of a historical event marked and remembered by the tribe, and
as such would qualify as an
object having ongoing historical, traditional, or cultural importance
central to the Stockbridge Munsee Community, Wisconsin. Consultation
evidence presented by representatives of the Stockbridge Munsee
Community, Wisconsin also indicates that no individual had or has the
right to alienate a wampum belt.
Officials of the Field Museum of Natural History have determined
that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001, Sec. 2(3)(D), this cultural item has
ongoing historical, traditional, or cultural importance central to the
Native American group or culture itself, rather than property owned by
an individual. Officials of the Field Museum of Natural History also
have determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001, Sec. 2(2), there is a
relationship of shared group identity that can be reasonably traced
between the wampum belt and the Brotherton Indians as full members of
the Stockbridge Munsee Community, Wisconsin.
Officials of the Field Museum of Natural History assert that,
pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001, Sec. 2(13), the Field Museum of Natural
History has right of possession of the wampum belt. Officials of the
Field Museum of Natural History also recognize that the wampum belt is
significant to the Stockbridge Munsee Community, Wisconsin and have
reached an agreement with the Stockbridge Munsee Community, Wisconsin
that allows the Field Museum of Natural History to return the wampum
belt to the tribe voluntarily, pursuant to the compromise of claim
provisions of the Field Museum of Natural History's repatriation
Representatives of any other Indian tribe that believes itself to
be culturally affiliated with this object of cultural patrimony should
contact Jonathan Haas, MacArthur Curator of North American
Anthropology, Field Museum of Natural History, 1400 South Lake Shore
Drive, Chicago, IL 60605, telephone (312) 665-7829, before May 5, 2003.
Repatriation of this object of cultural patrimony to the Stockbridge
Munsee Community, Wisconsin may proceed after that date if no
additional claimants come forward.
The Field Museum of Natural History is responsible for notifying
the Brotherton Indians of Wisconsin (a nonfederally recognized Indian
group); Grand Traverse Band of Ottawa and Chippewa Indians, Michigan;
Little Traverse Bay Bands of Odawa Indians, Michigan; Sac & Fox Nation
of Missouri in Kansas and Nebraska; Sac & Fox Nation, Oklahoma; Sac &
Fox Tribe of the Mississippi in Iowa; and Stockbridge Munsee Community,
Wisconsin that this notice has been published.
Dated: February 28, 2003.
Assistant Director, Cultural Resources Stewardship and Partnerships.
[FR Doc. 03-8193 Filed 4-3-03; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4310-70-M
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