[Federal Register: November 5, 2001 (Volume 66, Number 214)]
[Notices]
[Page 55954-55955]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
[DOCID:fr05no01-73]

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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

National Park Service


Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items in the Possession
of the Brooklyn Museum of Art, Brooklyn, NY

AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.

ACTION: Notice.

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    Notice is hereby given in accordance with provisions of the Native
American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 43CFR 10.10
(a)(3), of the intent to repatriate cultural items in the possession of
the Brooklyn Museum of Art, Brooklyn, NY, that meet the definition of
``sacred objects'' and ``objects of cultural patrimony'' under Section
2 of the Act.
    This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 43 CFR 10.2 (c). The
determinations within this notice are the sole responsibility of the
museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of these
cultural items. The National Park Service is not responsible for the
determinations within this notice.
    The 93 cultural items are 22 Hopi spirit friends or Katsina masks
(Wupamo, Hahea, Wawae, 3 Tasap, 2 Tacheukti, Kaletaka, Honau, Sikya
Tihu, 2 Anakatsinamaana, Chakwin, Sio Humis, a headdress for Alosaka
Katsina, and 6 unnamed spirit friends), 13 mask attachments, 6 Sio
Humis headdress frames, 1 katsina doll, 16 Mazrau society dance items,
9 Snake society dance items, 1 Mazrau Society ceremonial water gourd
from Walpi, 1 three-piece fiddle, a bow and several arrows, 8 prayer
sticks, lightening sticks and lightening stick frame, 3 pipes, 4
Monkoho chief batons, 1 Hidden Ball game, and 1 fiber ring.
    Between 1903 and 1905, Stewart Culin, the curator at the Brooklyn
Museum of Art, purchased the katsina masks, Snake society dance items,
and Hidden Ball game from Hopi individuals in Hopi villages in Arizona.
    In 1904, Mr. Culin purchased the 16 Mazrau society dance items, 1
Mazrau Society ceremonial water gourd from Walpi, 1 three-piece fiddle,
a bow and several arrows, 8 prayer sticks, lightening sticks and
lightening stick frame, 3 pipes, 4 Monkoho chief batons, and 1 fiber
ring from dealers in Chinle and Holbrook, AZ.
    During consultation, representatives of the Hopi Tribe of Arizona
identified these objects as sacred objects and objects of cultural
patrimony. However, representatives of the Hopi Tribe of Arizona did
not feel it appropriate to name the ceremonies or functions of these
specific objects. Although Brooklyn Museum of Art accession records do
not indicate an explicit ceremonial use of these objects, the Brooklyn
Museum of Art has no evidence to the contrary. Accordingly, the
Brooklyn Museum of Art accepts the determinations of the
representatives of the Hopi Tribe for these objects.
    Based on accession information and on consultation with Hopi
representatives, these 93 cultural items are determined to be
affiliated with the Hopi Tribe of Arizona. Representatives of the Hopi
Tribe of Arizona, acting on behalf of the Katsinmomngwit, the
Maraunomngwit, and the Lenmimngwit Society (Hopi traditional religious
leaders) have stated that these 93 cultural items are needed by
traditional Hopi religious leaders for the practice of traditional
Native American religion by their present day adherents; and that these
items have ongoing historical, traditional, and cultural importance
central to the culture itself and could not be alienated by any
individual.
    Based on the above-mentioned information, officials of the Brooklyn
Museum of Art have determined that, pursuant to 43 CFR 10.2 (d)(3),
these 93 cultural items are specific ceremonial objects needed by
traditional Native American religious leaders for the practice of
traditional Native American religions by their present-day adherents.
Officials of the Brooklyn Museum of Art also have determined that,
pursuant to 43 CFR 10.2 (d)(4), these cultural items have ongoing
historical, traditional, and cultural importance central to the tribe
itself, and are of such central importance that they may not be
alienated, appropriated, or conveyed, by any individual. Lastly,
officials of the Brooklyn Museum of Art have determined that, pursuant
to 43 CFR 10.2 (e), there is a relationship of shared group identity
that can be reasonably traced between these sacred objects/objects of
cultural patrimony and the Hopi Tribe of Arizona.

[[Page 55955]]

    This notice has been sent to officials of the Hopi Tribe of Arizona
and the Pueblo of Zuni Representatives of any other Indian tribe that
believes itself to be culturally affiliated with these sacred objects/
objects of cultural patrimony should contact Kate Portada, NAGPRA
Project Coordinator, Brooklyn Museum of Art, 200 Eastern Parkway,
Brooklyn, NY 11238, telephone (718) 638-5000, extension 524, before
December 5, 2001. Repatriation of these sacred objects/objects of
cultural patrimony to the Hopi Tribe may begin after that date if no
additional claimants come forward.

    Dated: September 21, 2001.
John Robbins,
Assistant Director, Cultural Resources Stewardship and Partnerships.
[FR Doc. 01-27707 Filed 11-2-01; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4310-70-S
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