[Federal Register: June 11, 1997 (Volume 62, Number 112)]
[Notices]
[Page 31842]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
[DOCID:fr11jn97-116]

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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

National Park Service

Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items in the Possession
of the Milwaukee Public Museum, Milwaukee, WI

AGENCY: National Park Service

ACTION: Notice

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    Notice is hereby given under the Native American Graves Protection
and Repatriation Act, 25 U.S.C. 3005 (a)(2), of the intent to
repatriate cultural items in the possession of the Milwaukee Public
Museum, Milwaukee, WI, which meet the definition of ``sacred objects''
under Section 2 of the Act.
    The cultural items include a bear-cubskin medicine bag, two
pinesnake skins, and two birchbark cases for the snake skins.
    In 1910, Dr. Samuel A. Barrett, Curator of Anthropology at the
Milwaukee Public Museum purchased these cultural items as a set from
Spekapuwikweu (also known as Ashkapokok Annamitta Neconish), daughter
of Animita (also known as Frank Annamitta) on the Menominee
Reservation, Keshena, WI. Museum catalogue information states these
items were said to be associated with the Menominee Medicine Lodge/
Mitawin, although other documentation by Dr. Barrett indicates they
were exclusively used for ``sorcery.''
    Authorized representatives of the Menominee Indian Tribe of
Wisconsin acting on behalf of Mr. Richard Annamitta, Sr. have
identified these five cultural items as specific ceremonial objects
needed by Mr. Richard Annamitta, Sr. for the practice of on-going and
traditional ceremonial and religious traditions, specifically the
Mitawin or Grand Medicine Lodge. Information provided by Mr. Richard
Annamitta, Sr. and other authorized Menominee tribal representatives
indicates these items are rightfully inherited only by male descendants
of the owner, and further that such items could not have been
rightfully alienated by any other person. This claim is also supported
by the Menominee Indian Tribe of Wisconsin and members of Mr.
Annamitta's extended family. Further, Mr. Richard Annamitta, Sr. has
presented proof of direct lineal descent from the last rightful owner,
Animita/Frank Annamitta, as his grandson and is the current rightful
inheritor of these cultural items.
    Based on the above-mentioned information, officials of the
Milwaukee Public Museum have determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C.
3001 (3)(C), these five cultural items are specific ceremonial objects
needed by traditional Native American religious leaders for the
practice of traditional Native American religions by their present-day
adherents. Officials of the Milwaukee Public Museum have also
determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3005 (a)(5)(A), Mr. Richard
Annamitta, Sr. is the direct lineal descendant of the individual who
owned these sacred objects.
    This notice has been sent to Mr. Richard Annamitta, Sr. and
officials of the Menominee Indian Tribe of Wisconsin. Any other lineal
descendent who believes him or herself to be culturally affiliated with
these objects should contact Ann McMullen, Ph.D., Curator of North
American Ethnology, Milwaukee Public Museum, 800 West Wells St.,
Milwaukee, WI 53233; telephone: (414) 278-2786, fax (414) 278-6100
before July 11, 1997. Repatriation of these objects to Mr. Richard
Annamitta, Sr. may begin after that date if no additional claimants
come forward.

    Dated: June 3, 1997.
Francis P. McManamon,
Departmental Consulting Archeologist,
Manager, Archeology and Ethnography Program.
[FR Doc.97-15227 Filed; 6-10-97 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4310-70-F

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