[Federal Register Volume 77, Number 63 (Monday, April 2, 2012)]
[Notices]
[Pages 19689-19690]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office 
[www.gpo.gov ]
[FR Doc No: 2012-7875]


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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

National Park Service

[2253-665]


Notice of Inventory Completion: California Department of Parks and 
Recreation, Sacramento, CA

AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.

ACTION: Notice.

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SUMMARY: The California Department of Parks and Recreation has completed an 
inventory of human remains, in consultation with the appropriate Indian 
tribes, and has determined that there is a cultural affiliation between the 
human remains and present-day Indian tribes. Representatives of any Indian 
tribe that believes itself to be culturally affiliated with the human remains 
may contact the California Department of Parks and Recreation. Repatriation 
of the human remains to the Indian tribes stated below may occur if no 
additional claimants come forward.

DATES: Representatives of any Indian tribe that believes it has a cultural 
affiliation with the human should contact the California Department of Parks 
and Recreation at the address below by May 2, 2012.

ADDRESSES: Rebecca Carruthers, NAGPRA Coordinator, California Department of 
Parks and Recreation, 1416 9th Street, Room 902, Sacramento, CA 95814, 
telephone (916) 653-8893.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Notice is here given in accordance with the Native 
American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C. 3003, of 
the completion of an inventory of human remains under the control of the 
California Department of Parks and Recreation. The human remains were removed 
from three sites located in San Diego County, CA.
    This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's 
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003(d)(3). The 
determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the museum, 
institution or Federal agency that has control of the Native American human 
remains. The National Park Service is not responsible for the determinations 
in this notice.

Consultation

    A detailed assessment of the human remains was made by the California 
Department of Parks and Recreation professional staff in consultation with 
representatives of the Agua Caliente Band of Cahuilla Indians of the Agua 
Caliente Indian Reservation, California; Augustine Band of Cahuilla Indians, 
California (formerly the Augustine Band of Cahuilla Mission Indians of the 
Augustine Reservation); Cabazon Band of Mission Indians, California; Cahuilla 
Band of Mission Indians of the Cahuilla Reservation, California; Campo Band 
of Diegueno Mission Indians of the Campo Indian Reservation, California; 
Capitan Grande Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of California: Barona Group 
of Capitan Grande Band of Mission Indians of the Barona Reservation, 
California, and Viejas (Baron Long) Group of Capitan Grande Band of Mission 
Indians of the Viejas Reservation, California; Ewiiaapaayp Band of Kumeyaay 
Indians, California; Iipay Nation of Santa Ysabel, California (formerly the 
Santa Ysabel Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of the Santa Ysabel 
Reservation); Inaja Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of the Inaja and Cosmit 
Reservation, California; Jamul Indian Village of California; La Posta Band of 
Diegueno Mission Indians of the La Posta Indian Reservation, California; Los 
Coyotes Band of Cahuilla and Cupeno Indians, California (formerly the Los 
Coyotes Band of Cahuilla & Cupeno Indians of the Los Coyotes Reservation); 
Manzanita Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of the Manzanita Reservation, 
California; Mesa Grande Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of the Mesa Grande 
Reservation, California; Morongo Band of Mission Indians, California 
(formerly the Morongo Band of Cahuilla Mission Indians of the Morongo 
Reservation); Ramona Band of Cahuilla, California (formerly the Ramona Band 
or Village of Cahuilla Mission Indians of California); San Pasqual Band of 
Diegueno Mission Indians of California; Santa Rosa Band of Cahuilla Indians, 
California (formerly the Santa Rosa Band of Cahuilla Mission Indians of the 
Santa Rosa Reservation); Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation; and Torres-
Martinez Desert Cahuilla Indians, California (formerly the Torres-Martinez 
Band of Cahuilla Mission Indians of California) (hereafter referred to as 
``The Tribes'').

History and Description of the Remains

    The human remains were removed from three sites located in San Diego 
County, CA. The geographical location of these sites indicates that the human 
remains were recovered within the historically documented territory shared by 
the Cahuilla and the Kumeyaay. Northern areas of the Anza Borrego

[[Page 19690]]

Desert State Park, such as the San Felipe Creek drainage, Culp Valley, Pinyon 
Ridge, the Borrego Badlands, and the Borrego Valley, may have formed a so-
called ``transitional zone'' between the Cahuilla and the Kumeyaay. The two 
groups would have used the areas jointly or, as convenient, for subsistence 
or ceremonial needs.
    The traditional territory of the Kumeyaay includes a significant portion 
of present-day San Diego County up to the Aqua Hedionda area and inland along 
the San Felipe Creek (just south of Borrego Springs). Bound to the east by 
the Sand Hills in Imperial County and includes the southern end of the Salton 
Basin and all of the Chocolate Mountains, the territory extends southward to 
Todos Santos Bay, Laguna Salada and along the New River in northern Baja 
California. The central and southern portions of Anza Borrego Desert State 
Park lie within the traditional territory of the Kumeyaay.
    The traditional aboriginal territory of the Cahuilla, as defined by 
anthropologist Lowell John Bean, encompasses a geographically diverse area of 
mountains, valleys and low desert zones. The southernmost boundary 
approximately followed a line from just below Borrego Springs to the north 
end of the Salton Basin and the Chocolate Mountains. The eastern boundary ran 
along the summit of the San Bernardino Mountains. The northern boundary stood 
within the San Jacinto Plain near Riverside, while the base of Palomar 
Mountain formed the western boundary. According to Bean and archeologist 
William D. Strong, the northern end of Anza Borrego Desert State Park lies 
within the traditional territory of the Cahuilla and includes the areas of 
Borrego Palm Canyon, Coyote Canyon, Clark Valley, the Santa Rosa Mountains, 
Jackass Flat, Rockhouse Canyon and Horse Canyon.
    At an unknown date in the 1930s, a human incisor representing, at 
minimum, one individual was collected by Harry D. Ross from an unidentified 
site and added to the Harry D. Ross Collection. The Harry D. Ross collection, 
consisting primarily of flaked tools collected from Lower Borrego, Cuyamaca 
and Harper Flat, were later donated to the Bigole Archaeological Research 
Center in Borrego Springs, CA. No known individual was identified. No 
associated funerary objects are present. The age of the human remains is 
unknown. Given the lack of specific provenience, the geographical location of 
the site is impossible to determine. Based on the provenience of other 
objects in the Harry D. Ross Collection, it can be reasonably assumed that 
these remains were collected from the same geographic region as other objects 
in the collection.
    At an unknown date in the 1970s, cremated human remains representing, at 
minimum, one individual were collected by archeologist William Seidel from an 
unidentified site northwest of the Borrego Sink in Borrego Springs, CA. No 
known individual was identified. No associated funerary objects are present. 
The age of the human remains is unknown.
    At an unknown date prior to 1977, human remains representing, at minimum, 
one individual were removed by an unidentified individual from an 
unidentified site in the Anza Borrego Desert State Park and were donated to 
California State Parks by Lloyd T. Findley in 1977. No known individual was 
identified. No associated funerary objects are present. The age of the human 
remains is unknown.
    At an unknown date prior to 1976, cremated human remains representing, at 
minimum, one individual were removed by an unidentified individual from an 
unidentified site in the Anza Borrego Desert State Park in San Diego County, 
CA, and were donated anonymously to California State Parks in 1976. No known 
individual was identified. No associated funerary objects are present. The 
age of the human remains is unknown.
    At an unknown date prior to the 1970s, cremated human remains 
representing, at minimum, one individual were removed by an unidentified 
individual from an unidentified site in the Borrego Valley area of Anza 
Borrego Desert State Park. The cremated human remains were included in the 
DuVall Collection, which was later donated to California Department of Parks 
and Recreation in the 1970s. The DuVall Collection represents cultural 
materials collected on and around an early settlers' ranch in Borrego Valley. 
No known individual was identified. No associated funerary objects are 
present. The age of the human remains is unknown. Given the lack of specific 
provenience, the geographical location of the site is impossible to 
determine. Based on the provenience of the other objects from the DuVall 
Ranch in Borrego Valley, it can be reasonably assumed that these remains were 
collected from the same geographic region.
    The human remains listed above were stored at facilities within the 
Colorado Desert District of the California Department of Parks and Recreation 
until an inventory effort was begun in 2004. Since then, the remains have 
been stored at the Bigole Archaeological Research Center (BARC-2) in Borrego 
Springs, CA.

Determinations made by the California Department of Parks and Recreation

    Officials of the California Department of Parks and Recreation have 
determined that:
     Pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(9), the human remains described in this 
notice represent the physical remains of five individuals of Native American 
ancestry.
     Pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(2), there is a relationship of shared group 
identity that can be reasonably traced between the Native American human 
remains and The Tribes.

Additional Requestors and Disposition

    Representatives of any Indian tribe that believes itself to be culturally 
affiliated with the human remains should contact Rebecca Carruthers, NAGPRA 
Coordinator, California Department of Parks and Recreation, 1416 9th Street, 
Room 902, telephone (916) 653-8893, before May 2, 2012. Repatriation of the 
human remains to The Tribes may proceed after that date if no additional 
claimants come forward.
    The California Department of Parks and Recreation is responsible for 
notifying The Tribes that this notice has been published.

    Dated: March 28, 2012.
Sherry Hutt,
Manager, National NAGPRA Program.
[FR Doc. 2012-7875 Filed 3-30-12; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4312-50-P

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