FR Doc E8-19320[Federal Register: August 21, 2008 (Volume 73, Number 163)]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR
National Park Service
Notice of Inventory Completion: McWane Science Center,
AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.
Notice is here given in accordance with the Native American Graves
Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C. 3003, of the
completion of an inventory of human remains and associated funerary
objects in the possession of the McWane Science Center, Birmingham, AL.
The human remains and associated funerary objects were removed from
Yell County, AR.
This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003 (d)(3).
The determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the
museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of the human
remains and associated funerary objects. The National Park Service is
not responsible for the determinations in this notice.
A detailed assessment of the human remains was made by the McWane
Science Center's professional staff in consultation with
representatives of the Quapaw Tribe of Indians, Oklahoma.
In the early 1900s, human remain representing the minimum of one
individual were removed from the Carden Bottoms site (3YE14) in Yell
County, AR. Sometime between 1979 and 1985, G.E. Pilquist, a collector
from Dardanelle, AR, donated the human remains to the Red Mountain
Museum, Birmingham, AL. In 1994, the Red Mountain Museum merged with
the Discovery Place under the name Discovery 2000 Inc., and now
operates as McWane Science Center. No known individual was identified.
The five associated funerary objects are three stone beads, one small
copper bracelet, and one metal cone.
Museum records state that the human remains were recovered from a
grave. Diagnostic artifacts indicate that the human remains were
probably buried after European contact. Physical examination reveals
the skeletal remains to be those of a child, and burial context
associates the human remains with Native American populations.
Archeological evidence indicates a continuity of the site from A.D.
1350 into the early historic period. The human remains and associated
funerary objects may be a late component of the Carden Bottoms complex,
common along the Lower Arkansas River, including Yell County. The
Quapaw Tribe dominated that area when sustained European occupation of
the lower Arkansas River began in the mid to late 1600s. In 1818, the
Quapaw ceded the area south of the Arkansas River, including what is
now Yell County, to the United States. Based on the geographic evidence
and the date attributed to the human remains, the human remains are
most likely culturally affiliated to the Quapaw Tribe of Indians,
Oklahoma. In addition, the Quapaw Tribe of Oklahoma has previously
repatriated human remains from the Carden Bottoms site (3YE14).
Unassociated funerary objects removed from the Carden Bottoms site are
described in an accompanying Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural
Officials of McWane Science Center have determined that, pursuant
to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (9-10), the human remains described above represent
the physical remains of one individual of Native American ancestry.
Officials of McWane Science Center also have determined that, pursuant
to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (3)(A), the five objects described above are
reasonably believed to have been placed with or near individual human
remains at the time of death or later as part of the death rite or
ceremony and are believed, by a preponderance of the evidence, to have
been removed from a specific burial site of a Native American
individual. Lastly, officials of McWane Science Center have determined
that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (2), there is a relationship of shared
group identity that can be reasonably traced between the Native
American human remains and associated funerary objects and the Quapaw
Tribe of Indians, Oklahoma.
Representatives of any other Indian tribe that believes itself to
be culturally affiliated with the human remains and associated funerary
objects should contact Jun Ebersole, Collections Manager, McWane
Science Center, 200 19th St. N, Birmingham, AL 35203, telephone (205)
714-8347, before September 22, 2008. Repatriation of the human remains
and associated funerary objects to the Quapaw Tribe of Indians,
Oklahoma may proceed after that date if no additional claimants come
The McWane Science Center is responsible for notifying the Quapaw
Tribe of Indians, Oklahoma that this notice has been published.
Dated: July 14, 2008
Manager, National NAGPRA Program.
[FR Doc. E8-19320 Filed 8-20-08; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4312-50-S
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