FR Doc E8-18679[Federal Register: August 13, 2008 (Volume 73, Number 157)]
[Notices]               
[Page 47228-47229]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
[DOCID:fr13au08-127]                         

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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

National Park Service
 
Notice of Inventory Completion: Department of Anthropology Museum 
at the University of California, Davis, Davis, CA

AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.

ACTION: Notice.
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    Notice is here given in accordance with the Native American Graves 
Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C. 3003, of the 
completion of an inventory of human remains and associated funerary 
objects in the possession of the Department of Anthropology Museum at 
the University of California, Davis, Davis, CA. The human remains and 
associated funerary objects were removed from Colusa and Yolo Counties, 
CA.
    This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's 
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003 (d)(3). 
The determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the 
museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of the Native 
American human remains and associated funerary objects. The National 
Park Service is not responsible for the determinations in this notice.
    A detailed assessment of the human remains was made by the 
Department of Anthropology Museum at the University of California, 
Davis professional staff in consultation with representatives of the 
Cachil DeHe Band of Wintun Indians of the Colusa Indian Community of 
the Colusa Rancheria, California; Cortina Indian Rancheria of Wintun 
Indians of California; and Rumsey Indian Rancheria of Wintun Indians of 
California.
    In 1973, human remains representing a minimum of two individuals 
were removed from Miller Mound (CA-COL-1), Colusa County, CA, by the 
University of California, Davis archeological field school. No known 
individuals were identified. The 6,871 associated funerary objects are 
177 clamshell disk beads, 1 lot of approximately 5,000 clamshell disk 
beads, 1 bone awl, 6,452 trade beads and fragments, 5 lots of trade 
beads and fragments (totaling over 10,000), 168 abalone shell pendants, 
2 magnesite cylinders, 7 buttons, 1 clamshell bead necklace fragment, 1 
basket fragment, 3 coin/clamshell bead necklace fragments, 41 
coins, 4 metal fragments, 1 square nail, 2 animal bones, 4 lots of 
textile/bead matrix, and 1 hat.
    Based on burial context and site characteristics, the human remains 
described above from Colusa County are determined to be Native American 
in origin. The presence of clamshell disk beads with one of the burials 
indicates that it dates to Phase 2 of the Late Period (approximately 
A.D. 1500-1790). The presence of historic items indicates that the 
other burial dates to the Historic Period (prior to A.D. 1790). 
Linguistic evidence indicates that the Patwin (Southern Wintun) moved 
southward from the vicinity of the California-Oregon border into the 
Sacramento Valley sometime around A.D. 0, and then spread into the 
surrounding foothills sometime before the beginning of Phase 2 of the 
Late Period. Robert Heizer documented the Miller Mound site as an 
ethnographic village site inhabited by the River Patwin at least 
through the Historic Period, or since A.D. 1770, until it was abandoned 
in A.D. 1872. The archeological assemblage from the Miller Mound also 
indicates an occupation that is consistent with the ethnographic 
Patwin. Based on geographical location and age of the associated 
funerary objects, the human remains and associated funerary objects are 
culturally affiliated with descendants of the Patwin.
    In 1969 and 1971, human remains representing a minimum of five 
individuals were removed from CA-COL-11 in Colusa County, CA, by two 
University of California, Davis archeological field schools. The 
collection was accessioned by the museum in 1971. No known individuals 
were identified. The 21 associated funerary objects are 1 Haliotis 
ornament, 5 clamshell disk beads, 1 lot of at least 2,500 clamshell 
disk beads, 12 Olivella beads, and 2 pestles.
    Based on burial context and site characteristics, the human remains 
described above from Colusa County are determined to be Native American 
in origin. The artifact assemblage at this site, which includes 
clamshell disk beads and arrow points, indicates that the human remains 
and associated funerary objects date to no earlier than Phase 2 of the 
Late Period (or roughly A.D. 1500-1790). Linguistic evidence indicates 
that the Patwin (Southern Wintun) moved southward from the vicinity of 
the California-Oregon border into the Sacramento Valley sometime around 
A.D. 0, and then spread into the surrounding foothills sometime before

[[Page 47229]]

the beginning of Phase 2 of the Late Period. The archeological 
assemblage from CA-COL-11 also indicates an occupation that is 
consistent with the ethnographic Patwin. Based on geographical location 
and age of the associated funerary objects, the human remains and 
associated funerary objects are culturally affiliated with descendants 
of the Patwin.
    In 1967, human remains representing a minimum of one individual 
were removed from CA-YOL-17 in Yolo County, CA, by the University of 
California, Davis archeological field school. No known individual was 
identified. The 25 associated funerary objects are 21 Haliotis sp. 
shell beads, 2 clamshell disk beads, and 2 steatite beads.
    Based on burial context and site characteristics, the human remains 
described above from Yolo County are determined to be Native American 
in origin. The presence of clamshell disk beads indicates that the 
human remains dates to Phase 2 of the Late Period (approximately A.D. 
1500-1790). Linguistic evidence indicates that the Patwin (Southern 
Wintun) moved southward from the vicinity of the California-Oregon 
border into the Sacramento Valley sometime around A.D. 0, and then 
spread into the surrounding foothills sometime before the beginning of 
Phase 2 of the Late Period. The archeological assemblage from CA-YOL-17 
also indicates an occupation that is consistent with the ethnographic 
Patwin. Based on geographical location and age of the associated 
funerary objects, the human remains and associated funerary objects are 
culturally affiliated with descendants of the Patwin.
    Officials of the Department of Anthropology Museum at the 
University of California, Davis have determined that, pursuant to 25 
U.S.C. 3001 (9-10), the human remains described above represent the 
physical remains of eight individuals of Native American ancestry. 
Officials of the Department of Anthropology Museum at the University of 
California, Davis also have determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 
(3)(A), the 6,917 objects described above are reasonably believed to 
have been placed with or near individual human remains at the time of 
death or later as part of the death rite or ceremony. Lastly, officials 
of the Department of Anthropology Museum at the University of 
California, Davis have determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (2), 
there is a relationship of shared group identity that can be reasonably 
traced between the Native American human remains and associated 
funerary objects and the Cachil DeHe Band of Wintun Indians of the 
Colusa Indian Community of the Colusa Rancheria, California; Cortina 
Indian Rancheria of Wintun Indians of California; and Rumsey Indian 
Rancheria of Wintun Indians of California.
    Representatives of any other Indian tribe that believes itself to 
be culturally affiliated with the human remains and associated funerary 
objects should contact Elizabeth Guerra, Department of Anthropology 
Museum, 330 Young Hall, One Shields Avenue, University of California, 
Davis, CA 95616, telephone (530) 754-6280, before September 12, 2008. 
Repatriation of the human remains and associated funerary objects to 
the Cachil DeHe Band of Wintun Indians of the Colusa Indian Community 
of the Colusa Rancheria, California; Cortina Indian Rancheria of Wintun 
Indians of California; and Rumsey Indian Rancheria of Wintun Indians of 
California may proceed after that date if no additional claimants come 
forward.
    The Department of Anthropology Museum at the University of 
California, Davis is responsible for notifying the Cachil DeHe Band of 
Wintun Indians of the Colusa Indian Community of the Colusa Rancheria, 
California; Cortina Indian Rancheria of Wintun Indians of California; 
and Rumsey Indian Rancheria of Wintun Indians of California that this 
notice has been published.

    Dated: July 16, 2008.
Sherry Hutt,
Manager, National NAGPRA Program.
[FR Doc. E8-18679 Filed 8-12-08; 8:45 am]

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