FR Doc E8-11590[Federal Register: May 23, 2008 (Volume 73, Number 101)]
[Notices]               
[Page 30154-30155]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
[DOCID:fr23my08-102]                         

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

National Park Service
 
Notice of Inventory Completion: Oregon State University 
Department of Anthropology, Corvallis, OR

AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.

ACTION: Notice.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------
    Notice is here given in accordance with the Native American Graves 
Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C. 3003, of the 
completion of an inventory of human remains in the control of Oregon 
State University Department of Anthropology, Corvallis, OR. The human 
remains were removed from a mound site in central Illinois.
    This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's 
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003 (d)(3). 
The determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the 
museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of the Native 
American human remains. The National Park Service is not responsible 
for the determinations in this notice.
    A detailed assessment of the human remains was made by Oregon State 
University Department of Anthropology professional staff in 
consultation with representatives of the Ho-Chunk Nation of Wisconsin; 
Iowa Tribe of Kansas and Nebraska; Otoe-Missouria Tribe of Indians, 
Oklahoma; and Winnebago Tribe of Nebraska.
    Between 1930 and 1959, human remains representing a minimum of one 
individual were removed from an unknown mound site in Illinois, by 
George Karl Neumann, a physical anthropologist working out of Indiana 
State University, Terre Haute, IN. In 1976, the Oregon State University 
Department of Anthropology acquired the Neumann Collection from Indiana 
State University. The human remains are identified in the collection 
records as a "Walcolid male." No known individual was identified. No 
associated funerary objects are present.
    Dr. Neumann collected human remains from several archeological 
projects with a focus on archeological mound sites, skeletal 
characteristics of Native American races, and general human physical 
variation and skeletal morphology. The culmination of this research is 
published as "Archaeology and Race in the American Indian," in the 
1952 Yearbook of Physical Anthropology Vol. 8. The Walcolid morphology 
type Dr. Neumann describes in this article references 45 "undeformed" 
specimens he excavated in the Spoon River Focus, central Illinois area 
that served as the basis for this type. The Neumann Collection 
contained numerous Native American human remains, the majority of which 
are from sites associated with Mound Builder cultures. The human 
remains are determined to be Native American based on skeletal 
morphology and collection records.
    The Ho-Chunk Nation of Wisconsin, Iowa Tribe of Kansas and 
Nebraska, Otoe-Missouria Tribe of Indians,

[[Page 30155]]

Oklahoma, and Winnebago Tribe of Nebraska have provided both written 
and oral history of their traditional occupation of Midwest areas east 
of the Mississippi and have demonstrated land area claims in Illinois. 
The Ho-Chunk Nation of Wisconsin, Iowa Tribe of Kansas and Nebraska, 
Iowa Tribe of Oklahoma, Otoe-Missouria Tribe of Indians, Oklahoma, and 
Winnebago Tribe of Nebraska traditionally occupied areas that have been 
demonstrated to include sites in Illinois. The tribes at one time 
constituted a single tribe with shared cultural affiliation. Specific 
published works cite the Ho-Chunk Nation of Wisconsin, Iowa Tribe of 
Kansas and Nebraska, Iowa Tribe of Oklahoma, Otoe-Missouria Tribe of 
Indians, Oklahoma; and Winnebago Tribe of Nebraska, as having villages 
in Illinois that included mound building cultural practices. Based on 
the preponderance of the evidence, including the primary body of Dr. 
Neumann's work in Illinois, and collection records, officials of the 
Oregon State University Department of Anthropology reasonably believe 
that the human remains are affiliated with the Ho-Chunk Nation of 
Wisconsin, Iowa Tribe of Kansas and Nebraska, Iowa Tribe of Oklahoma, 
Otoe-Missouria Tribe of Indians, Oklahoma, and Winnebago Tribe of 
Nebraska.
    Officials of the Oregon State University Department of Anthropology 
have determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (9-10), the human 
remains described above represent the physical remains of one 
individual of Native American ancestry. Officials of the Oregon State 
University Department of Anthropology have also determined that, 
pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (2), there is a relationship of shared group 
identity that can be reasonably traced between the Native American 
human remains and the Ho-Chunk Nation of Wisconsin; Iowa Tribe of 
Kansas and Nebraska; Iowa Tribe of Oklahoma; Otoe-Missouria Tribe of 
Indians, Oklahoma; and Winnebago Tribe of Nebraska.
    Representatives of any other Indian tribe that believes itself to 
be culturally affiliated with the human remains should contact Dr. 
David McMurray, Oregon State University Department of Anthropology, 238 
Waldo Hall, Corvallis, OR 97331, telephone (541) 737-4515, before June 
23, 2008. Repatriation of the human remains to the Ho-Chunk Nation of 
Wisconsin, Iowa Tribe of Kansas and Nebraska, and Winnebago Tribe of 
Nebraska may proceed after that date if no additional claimants come 
forward.
    Oregon State University Department of Anthropology, Corvallis, 
Oregon is responsible for notifying the Cheyenne River Sioux Tribe of 
the Cheyenne River Reservation, South Dakota; Citizen Potawatomi 
Nation, Oklahoma; Delaware Nation, Oklahoma; Forest County Potawatomi 
Community, Wisconsin; Hannahville Indian Community, Michigan; Ho-Chunk 
Nation of Wisconsin; Iowa Tribe of Kansas and Nebraska; Iowa Tribe of 
Oklahoma; Kickapoo Tribe of Indians of the Kickapoo Reservation in 
Kansas; Kickapoo Tribe of Oklahoma; Oglala Sioux Tribe of the Pine 
Ridge Reservation, South Dakota; Otoe-Missouria Tribe of Indians, 
Oklahoma; Peoria Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma; Prairie Band of 
Potawatomi Nation, Kansas; Sac & Fox Nation of Missouri in Kansas and 
Nebraska; Sac & Fox Nation, Oklahoma; Sac & Fox Tribe of the 
Mississippi in Iowa; and Winnebago Tribe of Nebraska that this notice 
has been published.

    Dated: April 7, 2008
Sherry Hutt,
Manager, National NAGPRA Program.
[FR Doc. E8-11590 Filed 5-22-08; 8:45 am]

BILLING CODE 4312-50-S

Back to the top