[Federal Register: April 15, 2002 (Volume 67, Number 72)]
[Notices]
[Page 18240-18243]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
[DOCID:fr15ap02-98]

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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

National Park Service

Notice of Inventory Completion for Native American Human Remains
and Associated Funerary Objects in the Possession of the Arkansas
Archeological Survey, Fayetteville, AR

AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.

ACTION: Notice.

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    Notice is hereby given in accordance with provisions of the Native
American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 43 CFR 10.9,
of the completion of an inventory of human remains and associated
funerary objects in the possession of the Arkansas Archeological
Survey, Fayetteville, AR.
     This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 43 CFR 10.2 (c). The
determinations within this notice are the sole responsibility of the
museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of these Native
American human remains and associated funerary objects. The National
Park Service is not responsible for the determinations within this
notice.
     A detailed assessment of the human remains was made by Arkansas
Archeological Survey professional staff in consultation with
representatives of the Caddo Indian Tribe of Oklahoma.
     In 1967, human remains representing a minimum of one individual
from Barkman Mound (3CL7), Clark County, AR, were donated to the
Arkansas Archeological Survey by an unknown donor. No known individual
was identified. No associated funerary objects are present.
     In 1969, human remains representing a minimum of one individual
were collected from Rorie Place (3CL23), Clark County, AR, by Arkansas
Archeological Survey personnel. No known individual was identified. No
associated funerary objects are present.
     In 1969, human remains representing a minimum of one individual
were collected from Old Salt Works (3CL27), Clark County, AR, by
Arkansas Archeological Survey personnel. No known individual was
identified. No associated funerary objects are present.
     In 1969, human remains representing a minimum of one individual
were collected from the Flenniken site (3CL55), Clark County, AR, by
Arkansas Archeological Survey personnel. No known individual was
identified. No associated funerary objects are present.
     In 1969, human remains representing a minimum of one individual
from

[[Page 18241]]

Moore Mound (3CL56), Clark County, AR, were donated to the Arkansas
Archeological Survey by an unknown donor. No known individual was
identified. No associated funerary objects are present. Based on
material culture, the Moore Mound has been identified as a Social Hill
phase (A.D. 1500-1600) occupation.
     In 1969, human remains representing a minimum of one individual
from Malvern Sewage Pond (3HS36), Hot Spring County, AR, were donated
to the Arkansas Archeological Survey by an unknown donor. No known
individual was identified. No associated funerary objects are present.
    In 1970, human remains representing a minimum of one individual
from Allen's Field (3CL97), Clark County, AR, were collected by
Arkansas Archeological Survey personnel. No known individual was
identified. No associated funerary objects are present.
     In 1970, human remains representing a minimum of one individual
from the Myers site (3HS38), Hot Spring County, AR, were donated to the
Arkansas Archeological Survey by an unknown donor. No known individual
was identified. No associated funerary objects are present.
     In 1971, human remains representing a minimum of two individuals
from the Kirkham Place/May Mound site (3CL29), Clark County, AR, were
donated to the Arkansas Archeological Survey by an unknown donor. No
known individuals were identified. No associated funerary objects are
present.
     In 1971, human remains representing a minimum of one individual
from Shepherd Mound (3CL39), Clark County, AR, were donated to the
Arkansas Archeological Survey by an unknown donor. No known individual
was identified. No associated funerary objects are present.
     In 1971, human remains representing a minimum of one individual
were recovered from the Bill Duke #3 site (3CL90), Clark County, AR,
during rescue excavations conducted by Arkansas Archeological Survey
personnel. No known individual was identified. No associated funerary
objects are present.
     In 1971, human remains representing a minimum of one individual
from site 3GR7, Grant County, AR, were donated to the Arkansas
Archeological Survey by an unknown donor. No known individual was
identified. No associated funerary objects are present.
     In 1971, human remains representing a minimum of one individual
from Bob Fisher Mound (3HS22), Hot Spring County, AR, were donated to
the Arkansas Archeological Survey by an unknown donor. No known
individual was identified. No associated funerary objects are present.
    In 1971, human remains representing a minimum of one individual
were collected from the ``Middle of the Road'' site (3PI24), Pike
County, AR, by Arkansas Archeological Survey personnel. No known
individual was identified. No associated funerary objects are present.
     In 1972, human remains representing a minimum of five individuals
from the Middle Meadow site (3HS19), Hot Spring County, AR, were
acquired by the Arkansas Archeological Survey. This collection consists
of human remains recovered by Arkansas Archeological Survey personnel
and donations to the Arkansas Archeological Survey by unknown donors.
No known individuals were identified. No associated funerary objects
are present.
     In 1972, human remains representing a minimum of three individuals
from the Sam Hedges site (3HS60), Hot Spring County, AR, were donated
to the Arkansas Archeological Survey by an unknown donor. No known
individuals were identified. No associated funerary objects are
present. Base on material culture, site 3HS60 has been dated to the
Caddo IV (A.D. 1500-1700) and Social Hill phase (A.D. 1500-1600)
periods.
     In 1973, human remains representing a minimum of one individual
from the Old Salt Works site (3CL27), Clark County, AR, were donated to
the Arkansas Archeological Survey by an unknown donor. No known
individual was identified. No associated funerary objects are present.
     In 1973, human remains representing a minimum of two individuals
from site 3CL63, Clark County, AR, were donated to the Arkansas
Archeological Survey by an unknown donor. No known individuals were
identified. No associated funerary objects are present.
     In 1973, human remains representing a minimum of one individual
from H. Jones Place (3CL79), Clark County, AR, were donated to the
Arkansas Archeological Survey by an unknown donor. No known individual
was identified. No associated funerary objects are present.
     In 1973, human remains representing a minimum of 24 individuals
from site 3HS60, Hot Spring County, AR, were donated to the Arkansas
Archeological Survey by an unknown donor. No knows individuals were
identified. No associated funerary objects are present. Based on
material culture, site 3HS60 has been identified as a Social Hill phase
(A.D. 1500-1600) to Caddo IV (A.D. 1500-1700) period settlement.
     In 1973, human remains representing a minimum of one individual
from an unprovenienced site along the Little Missouri River, AR, were
donated to the Arkansas Archeological Survey by an unknown donor. No
known individual was identified. No associated funerary objects are
present.
    In 1974, human remains representing a minimum of 14 individuals
from Saline Bayou (3CL24), Clark County, AR, were donated to the
Arkansas Archeological Survey by an unknown donor. No known individuals
were identified. No associated funerary objects are present. Based on
material culture, the Saline Bayou site has been identified as a
Caddoan-Mid-Ouachita phase (A.D. 1400-1500) occupation.
     In 1974, human remains representing a minimum of two individuals
from Moore Mound (3CL56), Clark County, AR, were donated to the
Arkansas Archeological Survey by an unknown donor. No known individuals
were identified. No associated funerary objects are present. Based on
material culture, the Moore Mound has been identified as a Social Hill
phase (A.D. 1500-1600) occupation.
     In 1974, human remains representing a minimum of 22 individuals
from Copeland Ridge (3CL195), Clark County, AR, were donated to the
Arkansas Archeological Survey by an unknown donor. No known individuals
were identified. No associated funerary objects are present. Based on
material culture, the Copeland Ridge site has been identified as a
Social Hill phase (A.D. 1500-1600) to the Caddo IV period (A.D. 1500-
1700) occupation.
     In 1974, human remains representing a minimum of six individuals
from Denham Mound (3HS15), Hot Spring County, AR, were donated to the
Arkansas Archeological Survey by an unknown donor. No known individuals
were identified. The one associated funerary object is a shell hoe.
Based on material culture, the Denham Mound site has been identified as
a Caddo III (A.D. 1400-1500) phase through Caddo IV (A.D. 1500-1700)
phase site.
     In 1974, human remains representing a minimum of one individual
from Upper Meador Farm (3HS33), Hot Spring County, AR, were donated to
the Arkansas Archeological Survey by an unknown donor. No known
individual was identified. No associated funerary objects are present.
    In 1975, human remains representing a minimum of one individual
from Smith Mound (3CL162), Clark County, AR, were donated to the
Arkansas Archeological Survey by an unknown donor. No known individual
was

[[Page 18242]]

identified. No associated funerary objects are present.
    In 1975, human remains representing a minimum three individuals
were recovered from the Standridge site (3MN53), Montgomery County, AR,
during excavations conducted by the Arkansas Archeological Survey for
the Arkansas Archeological Society Training Program. No known
individuals were identified. The 61 associated funerary objects include
arrow points, shell beads, a celt, a chipped biface, a ceramic bottle,
ceramic jars, ceramic bowls, ceramic vessels, turtle shell objects,
bone pins, a worked deer ulna, a beaver incisor, river mussel shells, a
lump of clay, turquoise beads, and a shell cup. Based on the types of
associated funerary objects, these burials have been dated to the Caddo
III period (A.D. 1400-1500).
     In 1978, human remains representing a minimum of one individual
from the Duval site (3GR61), Grant County, AR, were donated to the
Arkansas Archeological Survey by an unknown donor. No known individual
was identified. No associated funerary objects are present.
     In 1979, human remains representing a minimum of one individual
were collected from Old Salt Works (3CL27), Clark County, AR, by
Arkansas Archeological Survey personnel. No known individual was
identified. No associated funerary objects are present.
     In 1979, human remains representing a minimum of one individual
were collected from the surface of the Kirkham Place/May Mound site
(3CL29), Clark County, AR, by Arkansas Archeological Survey personnel.
No known individual was identified. No associated funerary objects are
present.
     At an unknown date, human remains representing a minimum of one
individual were collected from the surface of Kirkham Place (3CL29),
Clark County, AR, by Arkansas Archeological Survey personnel. No known
individual was identified. No associated funerary objects are present.
     In 1979, human remains representing a minimum of one individual
were collected from Hardin Mound (3CL196), Clark County, AR, by
Arkansas Archeological Survey personnel. No known individual was
identified. No associated funerary objects are present.
     In 1979, human remains representing a minimum of one individual
were collected from the Hardin #3 site (3CL320), Clark County, AR, by
Arkansas Archeological Survey personnel. No known individual was
identified. No associated funerary objects are present.
     In 1979, human remains representing a minimum of one individual
were collected from Cooper Place (3HS1), Hot Spring County, AR, by
Arkansas Archeological Survey personnel. No known individual was
identified. No associated funerary objects are present.
     In 1979, human remains representing a minimum of one individual
were collected from the Henson site (3MN280), Montgomery County, AR, by
Arkansas Archeological Survey personnel. No known individual was
identified. No associated funerary objects are present.
     In 1979, human remains representing a minimum of one individual
were collected from the Joe Walker #10 site (3SA127), Saline County,
AR, by Arkansas Archeological Survey personnel. No known individual was
identified. No associated funerary objects are present.
     In 1979, human remains representing a minimum of one individual
were collected from the Joe Walker #11 site (3SA128), Saline County, AR
by Arkansas Archeological Survey personnel. No known individual was
identified. No associated funerary objects are present.
     In 1980, human remains representing a minimum of one individual
were collected from the Allen's Field site (3CL97), Clark County, AR,
by Arkansas Archeological Survey personnel. No known individual was
identified. No associated funerary objects are present.
     In 1980, human remains representing a minimum of one individual
were collected from site 3HS147, Hot Spring County, AR, by Arkansas
Archeological Survey personnel. No known individual was identified. No
associated funerary objects are present.
     In 1987, human remains representing a minimum of 24 individuals
were recovered from the Hardman site (3CL418), Clark County, AR, during
legally authorized excavations conducted by the Sponsored Research
Program of the Arkansas Archeological Survey under contract to the
Arkansas Highway and Transportation Department. No known individuals
were identified. The 106 associated funerary objects include arrow
points, ceramic bottles, ceramic bowls, a ceramic cup, ceramic jars, a
green clay patty, river cobbles, freshwater bivalve shells, shell
beads, and shell discs. Based on the types of associated funerary
objects, these burials have been dated to the Late Caddo, Deceiper
phase (A.D. 1600-1700).
     In 1989, human remains representing a minimum of one individual
from an unprovenienced site near Arkadelphia, Clark County, AR, were
donated to the Arkansas Archeological Survey by an unknown donor. No
known individual was identified. No associated funerary objects are
present.
    At an unknown date, human remains representing a minimum of one
individual from an unprovenienced site in southwestern Arkansas came
into the possession of the Arkansas Archeological Survey under unknown
circumstances. No known individual was identified. No associated
funerary objects are present.
     In 1973, human remains representing a minimum of one individual
were collected from site 3MN8, Montgomery County, AR, by Arkansas
Archeological Survey personnel. No known individual was identified. No
associated funerary objects are present.
     Archeological evidence indicates that approximately 1,000 years
ago, a coherent pattern of material culture characteristics, settlement
patterns, mound building, and burial practices emerged across
southwestern Arkansas and neighboring states that continues (with
localized changes in attributes such as pottery shapes, decorative
design choices, and arrow point shapes) until the 18th century. Direct
historic evidence from sites in neighboring States indicates that this
lifeway was directly ancestral to the historic Caddo cultural
tradition. Therefore, archeologists have identified these late pre-
contact and proto-historic sites and material culture as ``Caddoan'' or
``Caddo,'' although no unequivocally documented historic Caddo
settlements have been found in the State of Arkansas.
     The geographic distribution of sites with a distinct collection of
artifacts, features, burial practices, and mound construction are found
throughout southwestern Arkansas south and west of the Arkansas River,
and as far south on the Ouachita and Saline Rivers as the transition
zone between the western Gulf Coastal plain and the Felsenthal lowland
extension of the Lower Mississippi Valley ecosystem. This area is
currently considered coincident with the distribution of ancestral
Caddo tradition sites in Arkansas, and in cases where diagnostic
artifacts are few or unreported, there is a presumptive assumption that
sites of this time period are ancestral Caddoan. After the beginning of
the 18th century, the possibility that Native sites (or sites of Old
World populations) are non-Caddo increases.
     The human remains listed here are from sites that are identifiable
as ancestral Caddoan, Mississippian period and protohistoric era
settlements. These evidences may be from surface

[[Page 18243]]

collections and/or collections made through research independent of the
disinterment of these individuals. Therefore, although most of these
individuals had no associated funerary objects, general geographic
location and archeological data; existing evidence from the sites has
been used to associate these remains with the Caddo Indian Tribe of
Oklahoma.
     Based on the above-mentioned information, officials of the
Arkansas Archeological Survey have determined that, pursuant to 43 CFR
10.2 (d)(1), the human remains listed above represent the physical
remains of 140 individuals of Native American ancestry. Officials of
the Arkansas Archeological Survey also have determined that, pursuant
to 43 CFR 10.2 (d)(2), the 168 objects listed above are reasonably
believed to have been placed with or near individual human remains at
the time of death or later as part of the death rite or ceremony.
Lastly, officials of the Arkansas Archeological Survey have determined
that, pursuant to 43 CFR 10.2 (e), there is a relationship of shared
group identity that can be reasonably traced between these Native
American human remains and associated funerary objects and the Caddo
Indian Tribe of Oklahoma.
     This notice has been sent to officials of the Caddo Indian Tribe
of Oklahoma. Representatives of any other Indian tribe that believes
itself to be culturally affiliated with these human remains and
associated funerary objects should contact Thomas Green, Director,
Arkansas Archeological Survey, 2475 North Hatch Avenue, Fayetteville,
AR 72704, telephone (501) 575-3556, before May 15, 2002. Repatriation
of the human remains and associated funerary objects to the Caddo
Indian Tribe of Oklahoma may begin after that date if no additional
claimants come forward

    Dated: January 22, 2002.
Robert Stearns,
Manager, National NAGPRA Program.
[FR Doc. 02-9095 Filed 4-12-01; 8:45 am]
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