[Federal Register: April 26, 2000 (Volume 65, Number 81)]
[Notices]
[Page 24503-24504]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
[DOCID:fr26ap00-98]

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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

National Park Service

Notice of Inventory Completion for Native American Human Remains,
Associated Funerary Objects, and Unassociated Funerary Objects From
Yukon Island, AK in the Possession of the University of Pennsylvania
Museum of Archeology and Anthropology, Philadelphia, PA

AGENCY: National Park Service.

ACTION: Notice.

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    Notice is hereby given in accordance with provisions of the Native
American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 43 CFR 10.9,
of the completion of an inventory of human remains, associated funerary
objects, and unassociated funerary objects from Yukon Island, AK in the
possession of the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archeology and
Anthropology, Philadelphia, PA.
    A detailed assessment of the human remains was made by University
of Pennsylvania Museum professional staff in consultation with
representatives of the Chugach Alaska Corporation, the Chugach Heritage
Foundation, the Cook Inlet Regional Corporation, Koniag Incorporated,
the Village of Salamatoff, the Seldovia Village Tribe, the Native
Village of Port Graham. The Kenaitze Indian Tribe, the Native Village
of Nanwalek (aka English Bay), and the Kodiak Tribal Council were
invited to consult but did not participate.
    In 1931 and 1932, human remains representing four individuals were
excavated from the Fox Farm site on Yukon Island, Kachemak Bay, in
south-central Alaska by Frederica De Laguna under the auspices of the
University of Pennsylvania Museum. No known individuals were
identified. The 24 associated funerary objects include antler and bone
tools and a stone lamp.
    In 1931 and 1932, human remains representing nine individuals were
excavated from a midden on Yukon Island, Kachemak Bay, AK by Frederica
De Laguna under the auspices of the University of Pennsylvania Museum.
No

[[Page 24504]]

known individuals were identified. No associated funerary objects are
present.
    In 1931 and 1932, human remains representing two individuals were
excavated from Yukon Island, Kachemak Bay, AK by Frederica De Laguna
under the auspices of the University of Pennsylvania Museum. No known
individuals were identified. No associated funerary objects are
present.
    The seven cultural items include beads, stone tools, and a bone
needle. These cultural items were excavated from Yukon Island, Kachemak
Bay, AK by Frederica De Laguna under the auspices of the University of
Pennsylvania Museum. Although these items are recorded as burial
objects, they cannot be associated with any of the above human remains.
    The 11 cultural items include labrets, and stone and bone tools.
These cultural items were excavated from Yukon Island, Kachemak Bay, AK
by Frederica De Laguna under the auspices of the University of
Pennsylvania Museum. In 1993, the human remains recovered with these
cultural items were repatriated from the University of Pennsylvania
Museum to the Chugach Alaska Corporation.
    Based on archaeological evidence and material culture, these sites
on Yukon Island have been identified as Kachemak Bay Pacific Eskimo
occupations dated to 1800 B.C.-1100 A.D.
    In 1931 and 1932, human remains representing eight individuals were
excavated at Cottonwood Creek on the north shore of Kachemak Bay, AK by
Frederica De Laguna under the auspices of the University of
Pennsylvania Museum. No known individuals were identified. The five
associated funerary objects include shell beads, whale bone and antler
tools.
    The one cultural item is a slate blade. This cultural item is
associated with previously repatriated human remains from Cottonwood
Creek, Yukon Island, AK from the University of Pennsylvania Museum to
the Chugach Alaska Corporation in 1993.
    Based on archaeological evidence and analysis of the associated and
unassociated funerary objects, these individuals from Cottonwood Creek
are Native American dating to the Kachemak Bay Eskimo Tradition (1800
B.C.-1100 A.D.).
    Based on the above mentioned information, officials of the
University of Pennsylvania Museum have determined that, pursuant to 43
CFR 10.2(d)(1), the human remains listed above represent the physical
remains of 23 individuals of Native American ancestry. Officials of the
University of Pennsylvania Museum have also determined that, pursuant
to 43 CFR 10.2(d)(2), the 41 objects listed above are reasonably
believed to have been placed with or near individual human remains at
the time of death or later as part of the death rite or ceremony.
Officials of the University of Pennsylvania Museum have determined
that, pursuant to 43 CFR 10.2(d)(2)(ii), these seven cultural items are
reasonably believed to have been placed with or near individual human
remains at the time of death or later as part of the death rite or
ceremony and are believed, by a preponderance of the evidence, to have
been removed from a specific burial site of a Native American
individual. Lastly, officials of the University of Pennsylvania Museum
have determined that, pursuant to 43 CFR 10.2(e), there is a
relationship of shared group identity which can be reasonably traced
between these Native American human remains, associated funerary
objects, unassociated funerary objects and the Chugach Alaska
Corporation.
    This notice has been sent to officials of the Chugach Alaska
Corporation, the Chugach Heritage Foundation, the Cook Inlet Regional
Corporation, Koniag Incorporated, the Village of Salamatoff, the
Seldovia Village Tribe, the Native Village of Port Graham, the Kenaitze
Indian Tribe, the Native Village of Nanwalek (aka English Bay), and the
Kodiak Tribal Council. Representatives of any other Indian tribe that
believes itself to be culturally affiliated with these human remains,
associated funerary objects, and unassociated funerary objects should
contact Dr. Jeremy Sabloff, the Williams Director, University of
Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, 33rd and Spruce
Streets, Philadelphia, PA 19104-6324; telephone: (215) 898-4051, fax
(215) 898-0657, before May 26, 2000. Repatriation of the human remains,
associated funerary objects, and unassociated funerary objects to
Chugach Alaska Corporation may begin after that date if no additional
claimants come forward.

    Dated: April 10, 2000.
Francis P. McManamon,
Departmental Consulting Archeologist, Manager, Archeology and
Ethnography Program.
[FR Doc. 00-10315 Filed 4-25-00; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4310-70-M

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