[Federal Register: April 20, 1998 (Volume 63, Number 75)]
[Notices]
[Page 19510-19511]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
[DOCID:fr20ap98-101]

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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

National Park Service

Notice of Inventory Completion for Native American Human Remains
and Associated Funerary Objects from Minnesota in the Control of the
St. Paul District, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, St. Paul, MN

AGENCY: National Park Service

ACTION: Notice

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    Notice is hereby given in accordance with provisions of the Native
American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 43 CFR 10.9,
of the completion of an inventory of human remains and associated
funerary objects in the control of the St. Paul District, U.S. Army
Corps of Engineers, St. Paul, MN.
    A detailed assessment of the human remains was made by U.S. Army
Corps of Engineers and Hamline University Osteology Laboratory
professional staff in consultation with representatives of the
Sisseton-Wahpeton Sioux Tribe of the Lake Traverse Reservation, the
Upper Sioux Indian Community of the Upper Sioux Reservation, the Crow
Creek Sioux Tribe of the Crow Creek Reservation, Lower Sioux
Mdewakanton Community, Shakopee Mdewakanton Sioux community, Prairie
Island Community, Flandreau Santee Sioux Tribe, and Santee Sioux Tribe
of the Santee Reservation of Nebraska.
    In 1969, human remains representing a minimum of 35 individuals
were recovered from the Gull Lake dam site (12 CA37) near Brainerd, MN
during legally authorized archeological excavations by the University
of Minnesota and the Minnesota Historical Society prior to improvements
at the Gull Lake dam. No known individuals were identified. The 1,060
associated funerary objects include ceramic vessels, ceramic sherds,
pieces of lithic debris, stone tools and tool fragments, two wood
charcoal samples, and fragments of canine, beaver, bear, avian, and
moose bone.
    Based on continuities of material culture in ceramic styles and
construction, archeological evidence indicates long-term occupation of
this area by the same cultural group, from the archeologically-defined
Brainerd to Kathio-Clam River-Blackduck to Psinomani. The Psinomani,
present during the Late Woodland and early Contact periods, are
generally regarded as the ancestors of the Dakota. Historic documents
indicate that Eastern Dakota bands (Mdewakanton, Wahpekute, Sisseton,
and Wahpeton), and related

[[Page 19511]]

groups (Teton, Yankton, and Yanktonai), occupied the headwaters area of
the Mississippi into the contact period. Archeological evidence, Dakota
oral tradition, and the continuities of material culture, together with
the well-established and historically documented presence of these
Eastern Dakota bands, particularly the Mdewakanton and Wahpeton, in the
Gull Lake area during the early contact period indicates the Eastern
Dakota are affiliated with the burials in this particular mound group.
    Based on the above mentioned information, officials of the U.S.
Army Corps of Engineers, St. Paul District have determined that,
pursuant to 43 CFR 10.2 (d)(1), the human remains listed above
represent the physical remains of a minimum of 35 individuals of Native
American ancestry. Officials of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, St.
Paul District have also determined that, pursuant to 43 CFR 10.2
(d)(2), the 1,060 objects listed above are reasonably believed to have
been placed with or near individual human remains at the time of death
or later as part of the death rite or ceremony. Lastly, officials of
the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, St. Paul District have determined
that, pursuant to 43 CFR 10.2 (e), there is a relationship of shared
group identity which can be reasonably traced between these Native
American human remains and associated funerary objects and the
Sisseton-Wahpeton Sioux Tribe of the Lake Traverse Reservation, the
Upper Sioux Indian Community of the Upper Sioux Reservation, the Crow
Creek Sioux Tribe of the Crow Creek Reservation, Lower Sioux
Mdewakanton Community, Shakopee Mdewakanton Sioux community, Prairie
Island Community, Flandreau Santee Sioux Tribe, and Santee Sioux Tribe
of the Santee Reservation of Nebraska.
    This notice has been sent to officials of the Sisseton-Wahpeton
Sioux Tribe of the Lake Traverse Reservation, the Upper Sioux Indian
Community of the Upper Sioux Reservation, the Crow Creek Sioux Tribe of
the Crow Creek Reservation, Lower Sioux Mdewakanton Community, Shakopee
Mdewakanton Sioux community, Prairie Island Community, Flandreau Santee
Sioux Tribe, and Santee Sioux Tribe of the Santee Reservation of
Nebraska. Representatives of any other Indian tribe that believes
itself to be culturally affiliated with these human remains and
associated funerary objects should contact Ms. Sissel Johannessen,
Environmental Resources Section, St. Paul District, Corps of Engineers,
190-5th Street East, St. Paul, MN 55101; telephone: (612) 290-5263
before May 20, 1998. Repatriation of the human remains and associated
funerary objects to the Sisseton-Wahpeton Sioux Tribe of the Lake
Traverse Reservation, the Upper Sioux Indian Community of the Upper
Sioux Reservation, the Crow Creek Sioux Tribe of the Crow Creek
Reservation, Lower Sioux Mdewakanton Community, Shakopee Mdewakanton
Sioux community, Prairie Island Community, Flandreau Santee Sioux
Tribe, and Santee Sioux Tribe of the Santee Reservation of Nebraska may
begin after that date if no additional claimants come forward.
Dated: April 14, 1998.
Francis P. McManamon,
Departmental Consulting Archeologist,
Manager, Archeology and Ethnography Program.
[FR Doc. 98-10355 Filed 4-17-98; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4310-70-F

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