[Federal Register: December 18, 1996 (Volume 61, Number 244)]
[Notices]
[Page 66694-66695]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]

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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

Notice of Inventory Completion for Native American Human Remains
and Associated Funerary Objects in the Possession of Bandelier National
Monument, National Park Service, Los Alamos, NM

AGENCY: National Park Service

ACTION: Notice

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    Notice is hereby given in accordance with provisions of the Native
American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C.
3003 (d), of the completion of an inventory of human remains and
associated funerary objects in the possession of Bandelier National
Monument, National Park Service, Los Alamos, NM.
    A detailed assessment of the human remains was made by National
Park Service professional staff in consultation with representatives of
the Pueblo of Acoma, Pueblo of Cochiti, Pueblo of Isleta, Pueblo of
Jemez, Pueblo of Laguna, Pueblo of Nambe, Pueblo of Picuris, Pueblo of
Pojoaque, Pueblo of San Felipe, Pueblo of San Ildefonso, Pueblo of San
Juan, Pueblo of Sandia, Pueblo of Santa Clara, Pueblo of Santo Domingo,
Pueblo of Taos, Pueblo of Tesuque, Pueblo of Zia, Pueblo of Zuni, the
Hopi Tribe, and Ysleta del Sur Pueblo of Texas.
    In 1904, human remains representing three individuals were
excavated from the Tsankawi Ruins site by E.A. Hewett and A.V. Kidder
before the creation of the Monument. No known individuals were
identified. The three associated funerary objects include textile
remnants, matting fragments, and one ceramic bowl. Based on the
associated funerary objects and surface artifacts, the Tsankawi Ruins
site has been dated to ca. 1440-1550 AD.
    Between 1915-1917, human remains representing 14 individuals were
recovered from the Otowi Ruins site by Dr. Lucy Wilson during legally
authorized excavations. No known individuals were identified. No
associated funerary objects were present. The Otowi Ruins site has been
dated to ca. 1200-1400 AD based on tree ring data and surface
artifacts.

[[Page 66695]]

    Between 1947-1948, human remains representing two individuals were
excavated from the Tyuonyi Ruins site during legally authorized
excavations. No known individuals were identified. No associated
funerary objects are present. The Tyuonyi Ruins site has been dated to
ca. 1325-1600 AD based on pottery sherds and tree ring data.
    In 1963, human remains representing one individual from the Navawi
site were donated to Bandelier National Monument by Chris Benson and
John Syska. No known individual was identified. The five associated
funerary objects are pottery sherds. The Navawi site is located within
Pueblo of San Ildefonso lands, and has been dated to ca. 1400-1500 AD
based on the associated funerary objects.
    In 1976, human remains representing 12 individuals were recovered
from site LA 12119 during legally authorized excavations. No known
individuals were identified. The two associated funerary objects are
ceramic bowl fragments. Site LA 12119 has been dated to ca. 1100-1200
AD, based on tree ring data.
    In 1976, human remains representing two individuals were recovered
from site LA 12121 during legally authorized excavations. No known
individuals were identified. No associated funerary objects are
present. Site LA 12121 has been identified as a pueblo site occupied
between ca. 1148-1180 AD, based on tree ring data and archeomagnetic
dating.
    In August of 1990, human remains representing one individual were
recovered from site LA 3852 during legally authorized excavations by
Washington State University. No known individual was identified. No
associated funerary objects are present. Site LA 3852 has been
identified as a pueblo site occupied between ca. 1150-1250 AD based on
pottery sherds.
    At an unknown date, human remains representing one individual were
recovered on the surface from site LA 3849 under unknown conditions. No
known individual was identified. No associated funerary objects are
present. Site LA 3849 has been dated to ca. 1200-1300 AD based on
pottery sherds and lithics.
    In 1987, human remains representing one individual were recovered
on the surface of site LA 3756 during legally authorized archeological
surveys within the monument boundaries. No known individual was
identified. No associated funerary objects are present. Site LA 3756
has been dated to ca. 1200-1315 AD based on pottery sherds.
    The sites listed above are all within or surrounding the Frijoles
Canyon in Bandelier National Monument. Anthropological evidence
indicates that Keresan-speaking people (the Pueblo of Acoma, Pueblo of
Cochiti, the Pueblo of Laguna, the Pueblo of San Felipe, the Pueblo of
Santa Ana, the Pueblo of Santo Domingo, and the Pueblo of Zia) and
Tewa-speaking people (the Pueblo of Nambe, the Pueblo of Pojoaque, the
Pueblo of San Ildefonso, the Pueblo of San Juan, the Pueblo of Santa
Clara, the Pueblo of Tesuque, and the present-day Hano community at
Hopi) occupied the Frijoles Canyon and surrounding area by the 1100s
based on oral traditions, religious and cultural ties, and
anthropological and ethnographic documentation.
    Based on the above mentioned information, officials of the National
Park Service have determined that, pursuant to 43 CFR 10.2 (d)(1), the
human remains listed above represent the physical remains of 37
individuals of Native American ancestry. Officials of the National Park
Service have also determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (3)(A),
the ten objects listed above are reasonably believed to have been
placed with or near individual human remains at the time of death or
later as part of the death rite or ceremony. Lastly, officials of the
National Park Service have determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001
(2), there is a relationship of shared group identity which can be
reasonably traced between these Native American human remains and
associated funerary objects and the Pueblo of Acoma, Pueblo of Cochiti,
Pueblo of Isleta, Pueblo of Jemez, Pueblo of Laguna, Pueblo of Nambe,
Pueblo of Picuris, Pueblo of Pojoaque, Pueblo of San Felipe, Pueblo of
San Ildefonso, Pueblo of San Juan, Pueblo of Sandia, Pueblo of Santa
Clara, Pueblo of Santo Domingo, Pueblo of Taos, Pueblo of Tesuque,
Pueblo of Zia, Pueblo of Zuni, the Hopi Tribe, and Ysleta del Sur
Pueblo of Texas.
    This notice has been sent to officials of the Pueblo of Acoma,
Pueblo of Cochiti, Pueblo of Isleta, Pueblo of Jemez, Pueblo of Laguna,
Pueblo of Nambe, Pueblo of Picuris, Pueblo of Pojoaque, Pueblo of San
Felipe, Pueblo of San Ildefonso, Pueblo of San Juan, Pueblo of Sandia,
Pueblo of Santa Clara, Pueblo of Santo Domingo, Pueblo of Taos, Pueblo
of Tesuque, Pueblo of Zia, Pueblo of Zuni, the Hopi Tribe, and Ysleta
del Sur Pueblo of Texas. Representatives of any other Indian tribe that
believes itself to be culturally affiliated with these human remains
and associated funerary objects should contact Roy W. Weaver,
Superintendent, Bandelier National Monument, National Park Service, HCR
1, Box 1, Suite 15, Los Alamos, NM 87544; telephone: (505) 672-3861,
before January 17, 1997. Repatriation of the human remains and
associated funerary objects to the Pueblo of Acoma, Pueblo of Cochiti,
Pueblo of Isleta, Pueblo of Jemez, Pueblo of Laguna, Pueblo of Nambe,
Pueblo of Picuris, Pueblo of Pojoaque, Pueblo of San Felipe, Pueblo of
San Ildefonso, Pueblo of San Juan, Pueblo of Sandia, Pueblo of Taos,
Pueblo of Tesuque, Pueblo of Zia, Pueblo of Zuni, the Hopi Tribe, and
Ysleta del Sur Pueblo of Texas may begin after that date if no
additional claimants come forward.
Dated: December 9, 1996.
Veletta Canouts,
Acting Departmental Consulting Archeologist,
Deputy Manager, Archeology and Ethnography Program.
[FR Doc. 96-32095 Filed 12-17-96; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4310-70-F

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