[Federal Register: September 26, 1996 (Volume 61, Number 188)]
[Notices]
[Page 50505]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]

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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR
National Park Service

Notice of Inventory Completion for Native American Human Remains
in the Possession of Chickasaw National Recreation Area, National Park
Service, Sulphur, OK

AGENCY: National Park Service

ACTION: Notice

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    Notice is hereby given in accordance with provisions of the Native
American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C.
3003 (d), of the completion of an inventory of human remains in the
possession of the National Park Service, Chickasaw National Recreation
Area, Sulphur, OK.
    A detailed assessment of the human remains was made by National
Park Service professional staff in consultation with representatives of
the Caddo Indian Tribe, Pawnee Indian Tribe, and Wichita and Affiliated
Tribes.
    In 1942, human remains representing one adult male was donated to
the Chickasaw National Recreation Area by H.R. Antle, an amateur
archeologist in Oklahoma. No known individuals were identified. No
associated funerary objects are present. The remains, a cranium, were
recovered from a site approximately 35 miles northeast of park
boundaries and located near the banks of the Big Sandy River.
    In 1958, human remains representing one adult male was donated to
the Chickasaw National Recreation Area by O.K. Lowrance, a local
rancher. No known individuals were identified. No associated funerary
objects are present. The remains, a cranium, were recovered from a site
near State Site 34MR10, located near Lowrance Springs and approximately
10 miles south of park boundaries.
    Documentation of the context of these remains is incomplete.
However, archeological examination of the remains dates the occupation
of the sites to ca. 800-1500 AD. Anthropological evidence indicates
that Caddoan language-family groups were present in the area of these
sites during the pre-contact period, making the Caddo and the Wichita
likely affiliates. Additionally, the Caddo and Pawnee were documented
as being in the area by the 1500s and the Wichita confederacy by the
beginning of the 1700s. Presently, the Wichita claim the entire area
surrounding the sites as their ancestral homeland.
    Based on the above mentioned information, officials of the National
Park Service have determined that pursuant to 43 CFR 10.2 (d)(1), the
human remains listed above represent the physical remains of two
individuals of Native American ancestry. Officials of the National Park
Service have also determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (2),
there is a relationship of shared group identity which can be
reasonably trace between these Native American human remains and the
Caddo Indian Tribe, Pawnee Indian Tribe, and Wichita and Affiliated
Tribes.
    This notice has been sent to officials of the Caddo Indian Tribe,
Pawnee Indian Tribe, and Wichita and Affiliated Tribes. Representatives
of any other Indian tribe that believes itself to be culturally
affiliated with these human remains should contact John Welch,
Superintendent, Chickasaw National Recreation Area, P.O. Box 201,
Sulphur, OK 73086; telephone: (405) 622-3161, before October 28, 1996.
Repatriation of the human remains to the Caddo Indian Tribe, Pawnee
Indian Tribe, and Wichita and Affiliated Tribes may begin after that
date if no additional claimants come forward.

    Dated: September 20, 1996.
Francis P. McManamon,
Departmental Consulting Archeologist
Manager, Archeology and Ethnography Program.
[FR Doc. 96-24686 Filed 9-25-96; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4310-70-F

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