[Federal Register: February 26, 1996 (Volume 61, Number 38)]
[Notices]
[Page 7121-7122]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]

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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

Notice of Inventory Completion for Native American Human Remains and
Associated Funerary Objects in the Control of Hubbell Trading Post
National Historic Site, National Park Service, Ganado, AZ

AGENCY: National Park Service.

ACTION: Notice.

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    Notice is hereby given in accordance with provisions of the Native
American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C.
3003(d), of the completion of the inventory of human remains and
associated funerary objects in the control of the National Park
Service, Hubbell Trading Post National Historic Site, Ganado, AZ.
    A detailed assessment and inventory of the human remains and
associated funerary objects has been made by professional staff of the
National Park Service in consultation with representatives of the
Apache Tribe of Oklahoma, the Fort McDowell Mohave-Apache Tribe, the
Fort Sill Apache Tribe, the Hopi Tribe, the Jicarilla Apache Tribe, the
Mescalero Apache Tribe, the Kaibab Paiute Tribe, the Navajo Nation, the
San Carlos Apache Tribe, the Pueblo of Jemez, the Pueblo of Laguna, the
Pueblo of Nambe, the Pueblo of Pojoaque, the Pueblo of San Ildefonso,
the Pueblo of Tesuque, the Southern Ute Tribe, the Ute Mountain Ute
Tribe, the White Mountain Apache Tribe, and the Zuni Tribe.
    Human remains representing four individuals were recovered along
with 970 funerary objects from a site approximately half a mile from
Hubbell Trading Post in 1971 and 1978. No known individuals were
identified. Funerary objects include one hemispherical bowl resembling
later Zuni ware, one Kana'a bowl, one White Mound bowl, two Lino bowls,
one Lino seed jar, 135 potsherds, two pieces of yellow ochre, five
olivella shell beads, 808 beads possibly made from juniper berry seed,
one flake, one grinding stone, one polishing stone, nine chipped stone
fragments, and two animal bone fragments.
    The above-mentioned materials have been dated between AD 400 and
the Basketmaker/Pueblo Period transition in AD 900. This period is
recognized as the time the territorial units of the western Anasazi
were still in development. Because Anasazi territories in this region
did not become well-defined until after AD 900, artifactual evidence
does not allow specific identification of a single culturally
affiliated Indian tribe. However, examination of cultural materials
(e.g., ceramics, stone tools, and other items) and oral history
regarding traditional and religious practice indicate probable cultural
affiliation between the human remains and associated funerary objects
and various Pueblo Indian groups. The oral traditions of both the Hopi
Tribe and the Zuni Tribe indicate affiliation with Basketmaker and
Anasazi sites.
    Human remains representing one individual were recovered in 1972
from Wide Reed, a pueblo ruin located east of Hubbell Trading Post. No
known individual was identified. No funerary objects are present.
    The Wide Reed site has been identified as a Pueblo III Period
Kayenta Anasazi site, dating to AD 1145-1345. Archeological
evidence--including ceramics and architecture--and oral traditions
suggests that Kayenta Anasazi are culturally affiliated with the Hopi
Tribe. The Zuni Tribe also claim affiliation with this site based on
oral tradition. The National Park Service evidence shows that in
addition to the traditional  data linking the descendants of Wide Reed
with modern Hopi and Zuni, Navajo oral tradition indicates ancestral
ties to this site.

[[Page 7122]]

    Based on the above mentioned information, officials of the Hubbell
Trading Post National Historic Site have determined that, pursuant to
43 CFR 10 (d)(1), the human remains listed above represent the physical
remains of at least five individuals of Native American ancestry.
Historic Site officials have also determined that, pursuant to 25
U.S.C. 3001 (3)(A) and (B), the 970 items listed above are reasonably
believed to have been placed with or near individual human remains at
or near the time of death as part of the death rite or ceremony.
Historic Site officials have determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C.
3001 (2), there is a relationship of shared group identity which can be

reasonably traced between the four Native American human remains and
970 associated funerary objects from the site one half mile from
Hubbell Trading Post and the Hopi Tribe and the Zuni Tribe.  Further,
Historic Site officials have determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C.
3001 (2), there is a relationship of shared group identity which can be
reasonably traced between the one individual from Wide Reed and the
Hopi Tribe, the Zuni Tribe, and the Navajo Nation.
    This notice has been sent to officials of the Apache Tribe of
Oklahoma, the Fort McDowell Mohave-Apache Tribe, the Fort Sill Apache
Tribe, the Hopi Tribe, the Jicarilla Apache Tribe, the Mescalero Apache
Tribe, the Kaibab Paiute Tribe, the Navajo Nation, the San Carlos
Apache Tribe, the Pueblo of Jemez, the Pueblo of Laguna, the Pueblo of
Nambe, the Pueblo of Pojoaque, the Pueblo of San Ildefonso, the Pueblo
of Tesuque, the Southern Ute Tribe, the Ute Mountain Ute Tribe, the
White Mountain Apache  Tribe, and the Zuni Tribe. Representatives of
any other Indian tribe that believes itself to be culturally affiliated
with these human remains and associated funerary objects should contact
Nancy Stone, Superintendent, Hubbell Trading Post National Historic
Site, P.O. Box 150, Ganado, AZ 86505; telephone: (520) 755-3254, before
thirty days after publication in the Federal Register. Repatriation of
the human remains and associated funerary objects to the Hopi Tribe,
Zuni Tribe, or Navajo Nation may begin after that date if no additional
claimants come forward.

    Dated: February 16, 1996.

C. Timothy McKeown,
Acting Departmental Consulting Archeologist, Archeology and Ethnography
Program.
[FR Doc. 96-4200 Filed 2-23-96; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4310-70-F

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