Notice of  Inventory Completion of Native  American Human Remains
          from  the Hawaiian  Islands  in the  Collections  of the  Bernice
          Pauahi Bishop Museum.

          AGENCY:   National Park Service, Interior.

          ACTION:   Notice.
          _________________________________________________________________

          Notice is hereby given  in accordance with the provisions  of the
          Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act, 25 U.S.C.
          3003(d),  of the completion of an inventory of human remains from
          the  Hawaiian  Islands  by  the  Bernice  Pauahi  Bishop  Museum,
          Honolulu, HI.

          The human remains  consist of a fragmentary skull originally held
          by  the  P.A.  Hearst   Museum  of  Anthropology,  University  of
          California, Berkeley, CA.  The human remains had been accessioned
          in 1935 and  identified as  12-5456.  The  Hearst Museum  catalog
          identified  the  human  remains  as deriving  from  the  Hawaiian
          Islands.   In a letter acknowledging the gift, the acting curator
          refers to the human remains as "Polynesian."

          On January  5, 1992, representatives of Hui M lama I N  K puna  O
          Hawai i Nei, a recognized Native Hawaiian organization, requested
          repatriation of the human remains.  The Hearst Museum declined to
          do so and the dispute was referred to  the Native American Graves
          Protection and  Repatriation  Review Committee.    The  Committee
          considered contextual, osteological, and spiritual information in
          arriving at their finding that  was subsequently published in the
          Federal  Register on  April 15,  1993.   While the  Committee was
          unable  to  determine  that  the preponderance  of  the  evidence
          indicated  a relationship of shared group identity which could be
          reasonably   traced   between   present   day   Native   Hawaiian
          organizations  and  the  remains  identified  as   12-5456,  they
          recommended that the Hearst Museum transfer the  human remains to
          a  museum   in  Hawaii  for  future   consideration  of  cultural
          affiliation and care.

          The  human remains were transferred from the Hearst Museum to the
          Bishop Museum  on August  11, 1993.   An assessment of  the human
          remains  by Bishop Museum staff indicated that they represented a
          20-30  year old male.   Dental characteristics and the morphology
          of  the cranial vault and mandible indicate the individual was of
          Mongoloid, and probably Polynesian, ancestry.

          Based on the above  information, officials of the Bishop  Museum,
          in consultation with representatives  of  Hui M lama I  N  K puna
           O Hawai i Nei  and the  Office of  Hawaiian Affairs,  determined
          pursuant to 25  U.S.C. 3001(2)  that there is  a relationship  of
          shared  group identity  which  can be  reasonably traced  between
          these remains and present-day Native Hawaiian organizations.

          On September  29,  1993 the  human  remains were  transferred  to
          representatives  of  Hui  M lama  I  N   K puna   O  Hawai i Nei.
          Representatives of any Native Hawaiian organization that believes
          itself  to  be culturally  affiliated  with  these human  remains





          should  contact Mr.  Kunani Nihipali, P.O.  Box 190,  Haleiwa, HI
          96712-0190; (808) 455-4212.

          Dated: February 17, 1994




          Veletta Canouts,
          Departmental Consulting Archeologist
          Chief, Archeological Assistance Division
          [FR / Nol. 59, No. 38 / Friday, February 25, 1994 / Page 9248]

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