[Federal Register Volume 77, Number 63 (Monday, April 2, 2012)]
[Notices]
[Pages 19698-19699]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office 
[www.gpo.gov ]
[FR Doc No: 2012-7882]


-----------------------------------------------------------------------

DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

National Park Service

[2253-665]


Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: Rochester Museum & Science 
Center, Rochester, NY

AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.

ACTION: Notice.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: The Rochester Museum & Science Center, in consultation with the 
appropriate Indian tribe, has determined that the cultural items meet the 
definition of both sacred objects and objects of cultural patrimony and 
repatriation to the Indian tribe stated below may occur if no additional 
claimants come forward. Representatives of any Indian tribe that believes 
itself to be culturally affiliated with the cultural items may contact the 
Rochester Museum & Science Center.

DATES: Representatives of any Indian tribe that believes it has a cultural 
affiliation with the cultural items should contact the Rochester Museum & 
Science Center at the address below by May 2, 2012.

ADDRESSES: Adele DeRosa, Rochester Museum & Science Center, 657 East Avenue, 
Rochester, NY 14607, telephone (585) 271-4552 x 302.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Notice is here given in accordance with the Native 
American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C. 3005, of 
the intent to repatriate cultural items under the control of the Rochester 
Museum & Science Center that meet the definition of both sacred objects and 
objects of cultural patrimony under 25 U.S.C. 3001.
    This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's 
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003 (d)(3). The 
determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the museum, 
institution or Federal agency that has control of the cultural items. The 
National Park Service is not responsible for the determinations in this 
notice.

History and Description of the Cultural Items

    Between 1923 and 1984, the Rochester Museum & Science Center acquired 36 
medicine faces made by members of the Seneca Nation of New York from a 
variety of sources. All of these medicine faces are currently in the 
possession of the Rochester Museum & Science Center.
    In 1928, Alvin Dewey received from the Rev. John W. Sanborn collection 
two 19th century cornhusk medicine faces (29.259.36/AE 2914/
D 10626 and 29.259.77/AE 2914/D 10625). Rev. Sanborn was appointed missionary 
to the Seneca Indians at Gowanda in 1877 and was adopted into the wolf clan.
    In 1934, Arthur Parker acquired two 19th century cornhusk medicine faces 
(34.141.1/AE 2480 and 34.141.2/AE 2480) and one 19th century wooden medicine 
face (34.141.3/AE 2481) on the Cattaraugus Reservation.
    In 1924, E.D. Putnam purchased two 19th century wooden medicine faces 
(24.61.5/AE 0500 and 24.61.13/AE 0509) on the Allegany Reservation.
    In 1923, E.D. Putnam purchased two 19th century small wooden medicine 
faces (23.32.77/AE 363A and 23.32.40/AE 0366) and three 19th century large

[[Page 19699]]

wooden medicine faces (23.32.24/AE 0349; 23.32.45/AE 0371; and 23.47.1/
AE 0404) on the Cattaraugus Reservation.
    On August 18, 1923, E.D. Putnam purchased two 19th century cornhusk 
medicine faces (23.32.42/AE 0368 and 23.32.43/AE 0368) and one 19th century 
cornhusk medicine face for a leader's pole (23.32.37/AE 0363B) on the 
Cattaraugus Reservation.
    On August 18, 1923, E.D. Putnam purchased two 19th century cornhusk 
medicine faces (23.32.4/AE 0330 and 24.61.10/AE 0505) on the Allegany 
Reservation.
    In 1923, E.D. Putnam likely purchased one 19th century cornhusk medicine 
face (73.00.2.1) on either the Cattaraugus or Allegany Reservations.
    In 1926, E.J. Burke collected one 19th century cornhusk medicine face 
(26.26.2/AE 0769) from an unknown location.
    In 1925, Everett R. Burmaster collected two 19th century cornhusk 
medicine face (25.69.1/AE 0482A and 25.69.2/AE 0482B) and one 19th century 
wooden medicine face (25.69.1/AE 0309) on the Cattaraugus Reservation.
    In 1926, Everett R. Burmaster collected one 19th century wooden medicine 
face (26.63.1/AE 0010) on the Cattaraugus Reservation.
    In 1928, Everett R. Burmaster collected one partially carved 19th century 
medicine face on a tree trunk (28.92.1/AE 0130) on the Cattaraugus 
Reservation.
    In 1927, the Rochester Museum of Arts and Science (later the Rochester 
Museum & Science Center) purchased one 19th century wooden medicine face 
(27.81.463/AE 1171) from the Opdyke estate.
    In 1925, an unknown individual collected one 19th century wooden medicine 
face with two bundles (25.75.1/AE 0578) in New York State.
    In 1928, an unknown individual collected one late 19th century wooden 
medicine face (28.185.1/AE 1135) near Chautauqua Lake, NY.
    In 1926, Arthur Parker collected one 19th century cornhusk medicine face 
(26.70.1/AE 0762) from an unknown location.
    In 1931, an unknown individual collected one early 20th century wooden 
medicine face (31.147.1/AE 2276) on the Cattaraugus Reservation.
    In 1938, an unknown individual collected two early 20th century wooden 
medicine faces (38.367.2/AE 7238 and 38.367.1/AE 7238) on the Cattaraugus 
Reservation.
    In 1935, the Rochester Museum of Arts and Science (later the Rochester 
Museum & Science Center) received one small early 20th century wooden 
medicine face (35.252.1/AE 3623) made on the Cattaraugus Reservation and 
donated by an unknown individual.
    In 1984, the Rochester Museum & Science Center purchased one 20th century 
cornhusk medicine face (84.171.1) made on the Cattaraugus Reservation in 
1980.
    In 1929, Albert Heath purchased one 19th century small wooden medicine 
face (29.273.1/AE 1690) from an unknown location.
    In 1923, an unknown individual purchased two early 20th century wooden 
medicine faces (23.47.2/AE 0405 and 23.47.3/AE 0406) at the Seneca Trading 
Post, in Collins, NY.
    Traditional religious leaders of the Seneca Nation of New York have 
identified these medicine faces as being needed for the practice of 
traditional Native American religions by present-day adherents. In the course 
of consultations with representatives of the Seneca Nation of New York, it 
was shown that individuals who carved these medicine faces did not have the 
authority to alienate them to a third party. Because the individuals who 
carved these faces did not have the authority to alienate them, a third party 
could not have been given any ownership or property rights over the medicine 
faces and therefore, could not have properly transferred them to the 
Rochester Museum & Science Center. Museum documentation, supported by oral 
evidence presented during consultation by Seneca Nation of New York 
representatives, indicates that these medicine faces are culturally 
affiliated with the Seneca Nation of New York. Museum representatives also 
consulted with other Haudenosaunee and non-Haudenosaunee consultants.

Determinations made by the Rochester Museum & Science Center

    Officials of the Rochester Museum & Science Center, Rochester have 
determined that:
     Pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (3)(D), the 36 cultural items described above 
are specific ceremonial objects needed by traditional Native American 
religious leaders for the practice of traditional Native American religions 
by their present adherents, and have an ongoing historical, traditional, or 
cultural importance central to the Native American group or culture itself, 
rather than property owned by an individual.
     Pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (2), there is a relationship of shared group 
identity that can be reasonably traced between these medicine faces and the 
Seneca Nation of New York.

Additional Requestors and Disposition

    Representatives of any other Indian Nation or tribe that believes itself 
to be culturally affiliated with these medicine faces should contact Adele 
DeRosa, Rochester Museum & Science Center, Rochester, NY 14607, telephone 
(585) 271-4552 x 302, before May 2, 2012. Repatriation of these medicine 
faces to the Seneca Nation of New York may proceed after that date if no 
additional claimants come forward.
    The Rochester Museum & Science Center, Rochester, NY, is responsible for 
notifying the Seneca Nation of New York that this notice has been published.

    Dated: March 28, 2012.
Sherry Hutt,
Manager, National NAGPRA Program.
[FR Doc. 2012-7882 Filed 3-30-12; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4312-50-P




Back to the top