[Federal Register: September 22, 2009 (Volume 74, Number 182)]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR
National Park Service
Notice of Intent to Repatriate a Cultural Item: Illinois State
Museum, Springfield, IL
AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.
Notice is here given in accordance with the Native American Graves
Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C. 3005, of the intent
to repatriate a cultural item in the possession of the Illinois State
Museum, Springfield, IL, that meets the definition of a ``sacred
object'' under 25 U.S.C. 3001.
This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003 (d)(3).
The determination in this notice is the sole responsibility of the
museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of the cultural
item. The National Park Service is not responsible for the
determination in this notice.
In 1955, the Logan Museum of Anthropology, Beloit College, Beloit,
WI, acquired a large collection of objects from the estate of Albert
Green Heath (1888-1953). In 1956, the Illinois State Museum purchased
some cultural objects, including a wooden bowl, from the Heath
Collection at the Logan Museum. Heath had lived in Chicago, but also
had a second home in Harbor Springs, Emmett County, MI, near the Odawa
community of Cross Village. Heath was well-known to members of the
Odawa community, and he purchased a number of objects from various
members of the Odawa community in the early 20th century.
The wooden bowl (ISM catalog number 1956-0001-804982) is round and
relatively shallow, with a flattened base, rounded sides, and a flat
rim or lip. It measures 20.2 cm in diameter, 5.5 cm high, and its rim
is 8 mm thick. The base, rim, and inner walls are smooth, but the outer
walls are marked with numerous vertical grooved lines that extend from
the rim to the base. These
lines appear to be either decorations or residual tool marks from
shaping the outer surface of the bowl. A series of shallow, parallel
grooves evident on the bowl's base and inner walls may represent lathe
marks, but this has not been confirmed. Use-wear on the inner floor of
the bowl consists of numerous randomly oriented incised grooves formed
by metal knives. Presumably these markings were incidental to cutting
food or other soft material. The natural grain of the wood is somewhat
obscured by age discoloration, but experienced woodworkers have
concluded that it was made from a maple burl.
Heath's collection records state that the wooden bowl is Ottawa
(Odawa) and was assigned a catalog number (No. 785). According to
Heath, the bowl was purchased from Amos Assineway in Emmet County, MI,
in 1915. Heath described the bowl as being ``rare,'' ``very old,'' and
``in fine condition.'' Amos Assineway's name has not been found in
early 20th century census records for Emmet County, but the Assineway
or Assinaway family name is well-represented in the Odawa community.
Historic and geographic evidence indicates that the Odawa Indians
have occupied the area of Emmet County, MI, since the 18th century. The
Little Traverse Bay Bands of Odawa Indians, Michigan still reside in
the area today. The Odawa traditionally had three types of wooden
bowls: personal bowls, community bowls, and ceremonial bowls.
Ceremonial/sacred bowls were used for special ceremonies (e.g., Feast
for the Dead) and are believed by the Odawa to contain manidok
(spirits) that are members of the community and help the Odawa maintain
their cultural beliefs and traditions. Consultation with tribal
representatives led to the Odawa identification of the bowl as a sacred
object that is needed by traditional religious leaders for ongoing
Officials of the Illinois State Museum reasonably believe that,
pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (3)(B), the cultural item described above is
needed by traditional Native American religious leaders for the
practice of traditional Native American religions by their present-day
adherents. Officials of the Illinois State Museum also have determined
that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (2), there is a relationship of shared
group identity that can be reasonably traced between the sacred object
and the Little Traverse Bay Bands of Odawa Indians, Michigan.
Representatives of any other Indian tribe that believe their tribe
is culturally affiliated with the sacred object should contact Robert
Warren, NAGPRA Coordinator, Illinois State Museum, 1011 East Ash St.,
Springfield, IL 62703-3500, telephone (217) 524-7903, before October
22, 2009. Repatriation of the sacred object to the Little Traverse Bay
Bands of Odawa Indians, Michigan may proceed after that date if no
additional claimants come forward.
The Illinois State Museum is responsible for notifying the Grand
Traverse Band of Ottawa and Chippewa Indians, Michigan; Little River
Band of Ottawa Indians, Michigan; Little Traverse Bay Bands of Odawa
Indians, Michigan; and Ottawa Tribe of Oklahoma, that this notice has
Dated: September 1, 2009
Manager, National NAGPRA Program.
[FR Doc. E9-22781 Filed 9-21-09; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4312-50-S
Back to the top