[Federal Register: August 25, 2009 (Volume 74, Number 163)]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR
National Park Service
Notice of Intent To Repatriate Cultural Items: Milwaukee Public
Museum, Milwaukee, WI
AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.
Notice is here given in accordance with the Native American Graves
Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C. 3005, of the intent
to repatriate cultural items in the possession of the Milwaukee Public
Museum, Milwaukee, WI, that meets the definitions of ``sacred object''
or ``objects of cultural patrimony'' under 25 U.S.C. 3001.
This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003 (d)(3).
The determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the
museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of the cultural
items. The National Park Service is not responsible for the
determinations in this notice.
The three cultural items are one catlinite tube pipe (MPM A14350/
3639), one woven bag with water serpent motif (MPM E3170/14), and one
wooden bowl with handles (MPM E56211/17617). The three cultural items
are affiliated with the Ottawa tribe (also known as the Odawa) of
Michigan. All cultural items were acquired in Michigan in an area long
associated with the Odawa. It would be unlikely that other tribes may
claim these cultural items since the associated geographical area makes
a strong case for affiliation. The three items are associated with the
categories in which they are claimed by the Little Traverse Bay Band of
Odawa Indians, Michigan.
The pipe is claimed as a sacred object. In 1913, the pipe was
donated to the museum by George West, collector and Milwaukee Public
Museum trustee. It was collected by Walter P. Wyman who obtained it in
Emmet County, MI. It was found ``by an Indian in 1900 in the field on
the lake bank of L'Arbor Croche.'' Pipes are considered to be sacred
objects by Odawa religious leaders.
The bag is claimed as an object of cultural patrimony. In 1905, the
museum purchased the cultural item from Mrs. Wilkinson of Beloit, WI.
In August 1889, the cultural item was collected by George Wilkinson at
Cross Village, MI, from Mrs. Shartleff. The museum documentation states
that the bag was given to Mrs. Shartleff's father by an Indian princess
in 1770. The bag is considered to be an object of cultural patrimony
since it would have been used in ceremonies to protect the Odawa tribe,
as a whole. Furthermore, this bag could not have been alienated by a
single individual since its particular use was for the benefit of the
The bowl is claimed as an object of cultural patrimony. In 1956,
the bowl was purchased by the museum from the Logan Museum of
Anthropology, Beloit College, WI. It was originally part of the Albert
Green Heath Collection. Heath was an avid collector of Native American
material. According to the Logan Museum records, the bowl was collected
from Aniquam at Cross Village, MI. The Odawa traditionally had three
types of wooden bowls: personal bowls, community bowls, and ceremonial
bowls. This bowl is considered to be a communal bowl that is owned by
the entire tribe. The bowl is used for special ceremonies and is
believed by the Odawa to contain manidok (spirits) that are members of
the community that help the Odawa maintain their cultural beliefs and
Officials of the Milwaukee Public Museum have determined that,
pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (3)(C), the one cultural item described
above is a specific ceremonial object needed by traditional Native
American religious leaders for the practice of traditional Native
American religions by their present-day adherents. Officials of the
Milwaukee Public Museum also have determined that, pursuant to 25
U.S.C. 3001 (3)(D), the two cultural items described above have ongoing
historical, traditional, or cultural importance central to the Native
American group or culture itself, rather than property owned by an
individual. Lastly, officials of the Milwaukee Public Museum have
determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C.
3001 (2), there is a relationship of shared group identity that can be
reasonably traced between the sacred object and objects of cultural
patrimony and the Little Traverse Bay Bands of Odawa Indians, Michigan.
Representatives of any other Indian tribe that believes itself to
be culturally affiliated with the sacred object and objects of cultural
patrimony should contact Dawn Scher Thomae, Milwaukee Public Museum,
800 W. Wells St., Milwaukee, WI 53233, telephone (414) 278-6157, before
September 24, 2009. Repatriation of the sacred object and objects of
cultural patrimony to the Little Traverse Bay Bands of Odawa Indians,
Michigan may proceed after that date if no additional claimants come
The Milwaukee Public Museum is responsible for notifying the Little
Traverse Bay Bands of Odawa Indians, Michigan that this notice has been
Dated: August 12, 2009
Manager, National NAGPRA Program.
[FR Doc. E9-20484 Filed 8-24-09; 8:45 am]
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