FR Doc E8-23701[Federal Register: October 7, 2008 (Volume 73, Number 195)]
[Notices]               
[Page 58620-58623]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
[DOCID:fr07oc08-98]                         

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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

National Park Service

Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: San Diego 
Archaeological Center, San Diego, CA

AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.

[[Page 58621]]

ACTION: Notice.
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    Notice is here given in accordance with the Native American Graves 
Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C. 3005, of the intent 
to repatriate cultural items in the possession of the San Diego 
Archaeological Center, San Diego, CA, that meet the definition of 
"sacred objects" under 25 U.S.C. 3001.
    This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's 
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003 (d)(3). 
The determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the 
museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of the cultural 
items. The National Park Service is not responsible for the 
determinations in this notice.
    In 1995, three cultural items were removed from archeological site 
CA-SDI-8797, Carlsbad, San Diego County, CA, as part of an 
archeological excavation performed in compliance with the California 
Environmental Quality Act (CEQA). In 2007, the collection was 
accessioned by the San Diego Archaeological Center for assessment of 
objects eligible for repatriation in accordance with NAGPRA. The three 
cultural items are three pieces of ochre.
    Site CA-SDI-8797 falls within traditional Kumeyaay territory and 
the reporting archeologists determined it to be of the "Late 
Prehistoric Period." Ochre is known to be used by the Kumeyaay Nation 
in sacred rites.
    In 1996, seven cultural items were removed from archeological site 
CA-SDI-12,814, Carlsbad, San Diego County, CA, as part of an 
archeological excavation performed in compliance with the California 
Environmental Quality Act (CEQA). On November 6, 2007, the collection 
was accessioned by the San Diego Archaeological Center for assessment 
of objects eligible for repatriation in accordance with NAGPRA. The 
seven cultural items are one quartz crystal, one pipe fragment, and 
five crescentics.
    Site CA-SDI-12,814 falls within traditional Kumeyaay territory. 
Quartz Crystals, stone pipes and crescentics are known to be used by 
the Kumeyaay Nation in sacred rites.
    In 1995, three cultural items were removed from archeological site 
CA-SDI-8303, Carlsbad, San Diego County, CA, as part of an 
archeological excavation performed in compliance with the California 
Environmental Quality Act (CEQA). On January 19, 2007, the collection 
was accessioned by the San Diego Archaeological Center for assessment 
of objects eligible for repatriation in accordance with NAGPRA. The 
three cultural items are three shell beads.
    Site CA-SDI-8303 falls within traditional Kumeyaay territory and 
the reporting archeologists determined it to be of the "Late 
Prehistoric Period." Shell beads are known to be used by the Kumeyaay 
Nation in sacred rites.
    In 1991, one cultural item was removed from archeological site CA-
SDI-691, Carlsbad, San Diego County, CA, as part of an archeological 
excavation performed in compliance with the California Environmental 
Quality Act (CEQA). On February 13 and 16, 2007, the collection was 
accessioned by the San Diego Archaeological Center for assessment of 
objects eligible for repatriation in accordance with NAGPRA. The one 
cultural item is a "charm stone."
    Site CA-SDI-691 falls within traditional Kumeyaay territory and the 
reporting archeologists determined it to be of the "Late Prehistoric 
Period." "Charm stones," such as this one, are known to be used by 
the Kumeyaay Nation in sacred rites.
    In 1988, one cultural item was removed from archeological site CA-
SDI-691, Carlsbad, San Diego County, CA, as part of an archeological 
excavation performed in compliance with the California Environmental 
Quality Act (CEQA). On February 13 and 16, 2007, the collection was 
accessioned by the San Diego Archaeological Center for assessment of 
objects eligible for repatriation in accordance with NAGPRA. The one 
cultural item is a piece of ochre.
    Site CA-SDI-691 falls within traditional Kumeyaay territory and the 
reporting archeologists determined it to be of the "Late Prehistoric 
Period." Ochre is known to be used by the Kumeyaay Nation in sacred 
rites.
    In 1990, cultural items were removed from archeological sites CA-
SDI-7287; 7290 and 7293, adjacent to the San Dieguito River, Del Mar, 
San Diego County, CA, as part of an archeological excavation performed 
in compliance with the California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA). On 
March 16, 2007, the collection was accessioned by the San Diego 
Archaeological Center for assessment of objects eligible for 
repatriation in accordance with NAGPRA. The 19 cultural items are 
pieces of ochre.
    Sites CA-SDI-7287; 7290 and 7293 fall within traditional Kumeyaay 
territory. Ochre is known to be used by the Kumeyaay Nation in sacred 
rites.
    In 1991, one cultural item was removed from archeological site CA-
SDI-11,767, along the San Diego River Valley on a low terrace in the 
northeastern portion of the Stardust (now Riverwalk) Golf Course, San 
Diego County, CA, as part of an archeological excavation performed in 
compliance with the California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA). On 
June 29, 2007, the collection was accessioned by the San Diego 
Archaeological Center for assessment of objects eligible for 
repatriation in accordance with NAGPRA. The one cultural item is a 
tourmaline crystal.
    Site CA-SDI-11,767 falls within traditional Kumeyaay territory and 
the reporting archeologists determined it to be of the "Late 
Prehistoric Period." Crystals are known to be used by the Kumeyaay 
Nation in sacred rites.
    In 1987 and 1988, 43 cultural items were removed from archeological 
site CA-SDI-4609, Sorrento Valley, San Diego, San Diego County, CA, as 
part of an archeological excavation performed in compliance with the 
California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA). In June 2007, the 
collection was accessioned by the San Diego Archaeological Center for 
assessment of objects eligible for repatriation in accordance with 
NAGPRA. The 43 cultural items are 2 pipe fragments, 1 quartz crystal, 
and 40 ochre fragments.
    Site CA-SDI-4609 falls within traditional Kumeyaay territory and 
the reporting archeologists determined it to be of the "Late 
Prehistoric Period." Ceramic pipes, quartz crystals, and ochre are 
known to be used by the Kumeyaay Nation in sacred rites.
    In 1974, two cultural items were removed from archeological site 
CA-SDI-4513, Sorrento Valley, San Diego, San Diego County, CA, as part 
of an archeological excavation performed in compliance with the 
California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA). In June 2007, the 
collection was accessioned by the San Diego Archaeological Center for 
assessment of objects eligible for repatriation in accordance with 
NAGPRA. The two cultural items are a piece of ochre and a steatite pipe 
fragment.
    Site CA-SDI-4513 falls within traditional Kumeyaay territory and 
the reporting archeologists determined it to be of the "Late 
Prehistoric Period." Ochre and steatite pipes are known to be used by 
the Kumeyaay Nation in sacred rites.
    In 1980, 49 cultural items were removed from archeological site CA-
SDI-4609, Sorrento Valley, San Diego, San Diego County, CA, as part of 
an archeological excavation performed in compliance with the California 
Environmental Quality Act (CEQA). In June 2007, the collection was

[[Page 58622]]

accessioned by the San Diego Archaeological Center for assessment of 
objects eligible for repatriation in accordance with NAGPRA. The 49 
cultural items are 1 ochre fragment and 48 shell disc beads.
    Site CA-SDI-4609 falls within traditional Kumeyaay territory and 
the reporting archeologists determined it to be of the "Late 
Prehistoric Period." Ochre is known to be used by the Kumeyaay Nation 
in sacred rites. Shell disc beads are associated with funerary 
practices; however, it is not know if a burial was encountered at the 
time of excavation.
    In 1978, seven cultural items were removed from archeological sites 
CA-SDI-5396 and CA-SDI-5399, Jamul, San Diego County, CA, as part of an 
archeological excavation performed in compliance with the California 
Environmental Quality Act (CEQA). On June 29, 2007, the collection was 
accessioned by the San Diego Archaeological Center for assessment of 
objects eligible for repatriation in accordance with NAGPRA. The seven 
cultural items are quartz crystals.
    Sites CA-SDI-5396 and CA-SDI-5399 fall within traditional Kumeyaay 
territory and the reporting archeologists determined it to be of the 
"Late Prehistoric Period." Quartz crystals are known to be used by 
the Kumeyaay Nation in sacred rites.
    In 1986, 11 cultural items were removed from archeological site CA-
SDI-4845 on private property adjacent to Encinitas Creek near 
Encinitas, San Diego County, CA, as part of an archeological excavation 
performed in compliance with the California Environmental Quality Act 
(CEQA). On June 23, 2007, the collection was accessioned by the San 
Diego Archaeological Center for assessment of objects eligible for 
repatriation in accordance with NAGPRA. The 11 cultural items are 4 
quartz crystals and 7 pieces of ochre.
    Site CA-SDI-4845 falls within traditional Kumeyaay territory and 
the reporting archeologists determined it to be of the "Late 
Prehistoric Period." Quartz crystals and ochre are known to be used by 
the Kumeyaay Nation in sacred rites.
    In 1990, one cultural item was removed from archeological site CA-
SDI-10,148, near the San Diego River, Santee, San Diego County, CA, as 
part of an archeological excavation performed in compliance with the 
California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA). In June 2007, the 
collection was accessioned by the San Diego Archaeological Center for 
assessment of objects eligible for repatriation in accordance with 
NAGPRA. The one cultural item is a piece of ochre.
    Site CA-SDI-10,148 falls within traditional Kumeyaay territory and 
the reporting archeologists determined it to be of the "Late 
Prehistoric Period." Ochre is known to be used by the Kumeyaay Nation 
in sacred rites.
    In 1985 and 1986, 14 cultural items were removed from archeological 
sites CA-SDI-5935; 5938; and 10,302, in the northwest portion of the 
community of Rancho Bernardo, San Diego, San Diego County, CA, as part 
of an archeological excavation performed in compliance with the 
California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA). In June 2007, the 
collection was accessioned by the San Diego Archaeological Center for 
assessment of objects eligible for repatriation in accordance with 
NAGPRA. The 14 cultural items are pieces of ochre.
    Sites CA-SDI-5935; 5938; and 10,302 fall within traditional 
Kumeyaay territory and the reporting archeologists determined it to be 
of the "Late Prehistoric Period." Ochre is known to be used by the 
Kumeyaay Nation in sacred rites.
    In 1983, 49 cultural items were removed from archeological site CA-
SDI-4358 (W-108/954), north of Batiquitos Lagoon, Carlsbad (Encinitas 
Quadrangle), San Diego County, CA, as part of an archeological 
excavation performed in compliance with the California Environmental 
Quality Act (CEQA). In June 2007, the collection was accessioned by the 
San Diego Archaeological Center for assessment of objects eligible for 
repatriation in accordance with NAGPRA. The 49 cultural items are 
pieces of ochre.
    Site CA-SDI-4358 (W-108/954) falls within traditional Kumeyaay 
territory and the reporting archeologists determined it to be of the 
"Late Prehistoric Period." Ochre is known to be used by the Kumeyaay 
Nation in sacred rites.
    In 1979, three cultural items were removed from archeological site 
W-1320, Encinitas, San Diego County, CA, as part of an archeological 
excavation performed in compliance with the California Environmental 
Quality Act (CEQA). On June 30, 2007, the collection was accessioned by 
the San Diego Archaeological Center for assessment of objects eligible 
for repatriation in accordance with NAGPRA. The three cultural items 
are pieces of ochre.
    Site W-1320 falls within traditional Kumeyaay territory and the 
reporting archeologists determined it to be of the "Late Prehistoric 
Period." Ochre is known to be used by the Kumeyaay Nation in sacred 
rites.
    In 1979, 29 cultural items were removed from archeological site W-
1949, Encinitas, San Diego County, CA, as part of an archeological 
excavation performed in compliance with the California Environmental 
Quality Act (CEQA). On June 30, 2007, the collection was accessioned by 
the San Diego Archaeological Center for assessment of objects eligible 
for repatriation in accordance with NAGPRA. The 29 cultural items are 
pieces of ochre.
    Site W-1949 falls within traditional Kumeyaay territory and the 
reporting archeologists determined it to be of the "Late Prehistoric 
Period." Ochre is known to be used by the Kumeyaay Nation in sacred 
rites.
    On an unknown date, one cultural item was removed from 
archeological site CA-SDI-777, near Pine Valley, San Diego County, CA. 
There is no documentation as to the circumstances of the excavation. On 
September 17, 2007, the collection was accessioned by the San Diego 
Archaeological Center for assessment of objects eligible for 
repatriation in accordance with NAGPRA. The one cultural item is a 
ceramic pipe bowl fragment.
    Site CA-SDI-777 falls within traditional Kumeyaay territory. 
Ceramic pipes are known to be used by the Kumeyaay Nation in sacred 
rites.
    In 1992, one cultural item was removed from archeological site CA-
SDI-11,569, Carlsbad, San Diego County, CA, as part of an archeological 
excavation performed in compliance with the California Environmental 
Quality Act (CEQA). On January 19, 2007, the collection was accessioned 
by the San Diego Archaeological Center for assessment of objects 
eligible for repatriation in accordance with NAGPRA. The one cultural 
item is a quartz crystal.
    Site CA-SDI-11,569 is located within the direct impact area for the 
proposed realignment of Rancho Santa Fe Road, between Melrose Avenue on 
the north and La Costa Avenue on the south. The site falls within 
traditional Kumeyaay territory and the reporting archeologists 
determined it to be of the "Late Prehistoric Period." Quartz crystals 
are known to be used by the Kumeyaay Nation in sacred rites.
    The Kumeyaay Nation is represented by the Barona Group of Capitan 
Grande Band of Mission Indians of the Barona Reservation, California; 
Campo Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of the Campo Indian reservation, 
California; Capitan Grande Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of 
California; Ewiiaapaayp Band

[[Page 58623]]

of Kumeyaay Indians, California; Inaja Band of Diegueno Mission Indians 
of the Inaja and Cosmit Reservation, California; Jamul Indian Village 
of California; La Posta Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of the La 
Posta Indian Reservation, California; Manzanita Band of Diegueno 
Mission Indians of the Manzanita Reservation, California; Mesa Grande 
Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of the Mesa Grande Reservation, 
California; San Pasqual Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of California; 
Santa Ysabel Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of the Santa Ysabel 
Reservation, California; Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation (formerly 
the Sycuan Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of California); and Viejas 
(Baron Long) Group of Capitan Grande Band of Mission Indians of the 
Viejas Reservation, California.
    Officials of the San Diego Archaeological Center have determined 
that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (3)(C), the 245 cultural items are 
specific ceremonial objects needed by traditional Native American 
religious leaders for the practice of traditional Native American 
religions by their present-day adherents. Officials of the San Diego 
Archaeological Center also have determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 
3001 (2), there is a relationship of shared group identity that can be 
reasonably traced between the sacred objects and the Kumeyaay Nation, 
represented by the Barona Group of Capitan Grande Band of Mission 
Indians of the Barona Reservation, California; Campo Band of Diegueno 
Mission Indians of the Campo Indian reservation, California; Capitan 
Grande Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of California; Ewiiaapaayp Band 
of Kumeyaay Indians, California; Inaja Band of Diegueno Mission Indians 
of the Inaja and Cosmit Reservation, California; Jamul Indian Village 
of California; La Posta Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of the La 
Posta Indian Reservation, California; Manzanita Band of Diegueno 
Mission Indians of the Manzanita Reservation, California; Mesa Grande 
Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of the Mesa Grande Reservation, 
California; San Pasqual Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of California; 
Santa Ysabel Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of the Santa Ysabel 
Reservation, California; Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation; and Viejas 
(Baron Long) Group of Capitan Grande Band of Mission Indians of the 
Viejas Reservation, California.
    Representatives of any other Indian tribe that believes itself to 
be culturally affiliated with the sacred objects should contact Cindy 
Stankowski, San Diego Archaeological Center, 16666 San Pasqual Valley 
Road, Escondido, CA 92027-7001, telephone 760-291-0370, before November 
6, 2008. Repatriation of the sacred objects to the Kumeyaay Nation, on 
behalf of the Barona Group of Capitan Grande Band of Mission Indians of 
the Barona Reservation, California; Campo Band of Diegueno Mission 
Indians of the Campo Indian reservation, California; Capitan Grande 
Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of California; Ewiiaapaayp Band of 
Kumeyaay Indians, California; Inaja Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of 
the Inaja and Cosmit Reservation, California; Jamul Indian Village of 
California; La Posta Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of the La Posta 
Indian Reservation, California; Manzanita Band of Diegueno Mission 
Indians of the Manzanita Reservation, California; Mesa Grande Band of 
Diegueno Mission Indians of the Mesa Grande Reservation, California; 
San Pasqual Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of California; Santa 
Ysabel Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of the Santa Ysabel 
Reservation, California; Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation; and Viejas 
(Baron Long) Group of Capitan Grande Band of Mission Indians of the 
Viejas Reservation, California, may proceed after that date if no 
additional claimants come forward.
    The San Diego Archaeological Center is responsible for notifying 
the Barona Group of Capitan Grande Band of Mission Indians of the 
Barona Reservation, California; Campo Band of Diegueno Mission Indians 
of the Campo Indian reservation, California; Capitan Grande Band of 
Diegueno Mission Indians of California; Ewiiaapaayp Band of Kumeyaay 
Indians, California; Inaja Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of the 
Inaja and Cosmit Reservation, California; Jamul Indian Village of 
California; La Posta Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of the La Posta 
Indian Reservation, California; Manzanita Band of Diegueno Mission 
Indians of the Manzanita Reservation, California; Mesa Grande Band of 
Diegueno Mission Indians of the Mesa Grande Reservation, California; 
San Pasqual Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of California; Santa 
Ysabel Band of Diegueno Mission Indians of the Santa Ysabel 
Reservation, California; Sycuan Band of the Kumeyaay Nation; and Viejas 
(Baron Long) Group of Capitan Grande Band of Mission Indians of the 
Viejas Reservation, California that this notice has been published.

    Dated: July 22, 2008
Sherry Hutt,
Manager, National NAGPRA Program.
[FR Doc. E8-23701 Filed 10-6-08; 8:45 am]

BILLING CODE 4312-50-S



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