FR Doc E7-24611
[Federal Register: December 19, 2007 (Volume 72, Number 243)]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR
National Park Service
Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: Denver Museum of
Nature & Science, Denver, CO
AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.
Notice is here given in accordance with the Native American Graves
Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C. 3005, of the intent
to repatriate cultural items in the possession of the Denver Museum of
Nature & Science, Denver, CO, which
meet the definitions of "sacred object" and "object of cultural
patrimony" under 25 U.S.C. 3001.
This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003 (d)(3).
The determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the
museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of the cultural
items. The National Park Service is not responsible for the
determinations in this notice.
The first cultural item is a basketry hat called Yeil Shaada or
Raven Hat (AC.11544). The Raven Hat is made of carved spruce root,
plain twining, and false embroidery. A carved raven head is on top at
the front with marten or mink fur extending along the crown top and
tail attached at the back. The sides of the hat have five red lines in
stepped design, black lined raven head above, double purple lines
below, and orange checkerboard pattern along the lower edge. Leather
ties are on each side. It measures approximately 25 cm in height, 36 cm
in length, and 14 cm in width. The catalogue records note that the hat
was "used for dancing" and speculates that it was a "shaman's
basketry hat, late 19th century." Records also note that the cultural
item was "purchased from Tlingit family, Haines, Alaska" by the
Michael R. Johnson Gallery, Seattle, WA, in 1976. The cultural item was
accessioned by the museum in 1983. The hat was placed in the museum's
Northwest Coast Ceremonial Season Exhibit until 1995.
The second cultural item is a ceremonial beaded shirt called Lingit
Tlein Kudas' or Big Man's Shirt (AC.11444). The shirt is long sleeved
navy wool with straight sides likely dating to the early 1900s. The
yoke, collar, cuffs, front opening, and lower ends are beaded in
designs of yellow, white, navy, turquoise, and green set against red
wool cloth bordered with a black braid edged with white beads. This
unique style of beadwork was done by Tlingit artisans in the late 1800s
through contact with Athapaskan and Euro-American traders, though drawn
from much older styles of tunics. The shirt measures 98 cm in length
and 71 cm in width. The catalogue records note that the shirt was
"acquired from Mrs. Mary Klanott, Klukwan, Alaska, 1974" by Michael
R. Johnson Gallery, Seattle, WA, on October 7, 1974. The shirt was
accessioned by the museum in 1983. Through the mid 1990s, the shirt was
used in the museum's Northwest Coast Ceremonial Season Exhibit.
During consultation, representatives of the Central Council of the
Tlingit & Haida Indian Tribes recounted the social and spiritual
importance of both cultural items and the rules of Tlingit cultural
property law. A member of the Lukaax.adi Clan sang the traditional song
that goes with these objects. Documentation was presented of the
objects' histories from the early 20th century, their import in ongoing
ceremonial practices, and their significance and custodianship by
Tlingit families and the Raven House of the Lukaax.adi Clan. A
genealogy was also given demonstrating continuous ownership of the
objects until their transfer in the 1970s. A photograph from
approximately 1950 shows the Raven Hat in ceremonial context. A
photograph from approximately 1937 shows the Big Man's Shirt and Raven
Hat worn by clan members in ceremonial context. Tlingit of the
Lukaax.adi Clan, Raven House, Haines, AK, are members of the Central
Council of the Tlingit & Haida Indian Tribes.
Officials of the Denver Museum of Nature & Science have determined
that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (3)(C), the two cultural items are
specific ceremonial objects needed by traditional Native American
religious leaders for the practice of traditional Native American
religions by their present-day adherents. Officials of the Denver
Museum of Nature & Science have also determined that, pursuant to 25
U.S.C. 3001 (3)(D), the two cultural items have ongoing historical,
traditional, or cultural importance central to the Native American
group or culture itself, rather than property owned by an individual.
Lastly, officials of the Denver Museum of Nature & Science have
determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (2), there is a
relationship of shared group identity which can be reasonably traced
between the sacred objects[sol]objects of cultural patrimony and the
Central Council of the Tlingit & Haida Indian Tribes.
Representatives of any other Indian tribe that believes itself to
be culturally affiliated with the sacred objects[sol]objects of
cultural patrimony should contact Dr. Chip Colwell-Chanthaphonh,
Curator of Anthropology, NAGPRA Officer, Department of Anthropology,
Denver Museum of Nature & Science, 2001 Colorado Boulevard, Denver, CO
80205, telephone (303) 370-6378, before January 18, 2008. Repatriation
of the sacred objects[sol]objects of cultural patrimony to the Central
Council of the Tlingit & Haida Indian Tribes on behalf of the
Lukaax.adi Clan, Raven House of Haines, AK, may proceed after that date
if no additional claimants come forward.
The Denver Museum of Nature & Science is responsible for notifying
the Central Council of the Tlingit & Haida Indian Tribes that this
notice has been published.
Dated: November 7, 2007.
Manager, National NAGPRA Program.
[FR Doc. E7-24611 Filed 12-18-07; 8:45 am]
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