FR Doc 04-27999
[Federal Register: December 22, 2004 (Volume 69, Number 245)]
[Notices]               
[Page 76779-76780]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
[DOCID:fr22de04-78]                         

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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

National Park Service

Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: U.S. Department of 
the Interior, Bureau of Indian Affairs, Washington, DC, and Arizona 
State Museum, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ

AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.

ACTION: Notice.

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    Notice is here given in accordance with the Native American Graves 
Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C. 3005, of the intent 
to repatriate cultural items in the control of the U.S. Department of 
the Interior, Bureau of Indian Affairs, Washington, DC, and in the 
physical custody of the Arizona State Museum, University of Arizona, 
Tucson, AZ, that meet the definition of "unassociated funerary 
objects" under 25 U.S.C. 3001.
    This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's 
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003 (d)(3). 
The determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the 
museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of the cultural 
items. The National Park Service is not responsible for the 
determinations in this notice.
    The 366 cultural items are 33 shell beads, 19 stone beads, 60 beads 
of unspecified material, 7 bone artifact fragments, 1 bone ornament, 6 
ceramic artifacts, 1 ceramic bowl, 1 ceramic figurine, 1 glycymeris 
shell, 110 glycymeris shell bracelet fragments, 2 horn artifacts, 74 
projectile points, 4 projectile point fragments, 16 sandstone abrader 
fragments, 5 sandstone plaque fragments, 1 shell artifact, 3 shell 
artifact fragments, 11 shell fragments, 4 shell pendants, 1 stone 
artifact, 2 stone bowl fragments, 1 stone palette fragment, 1 stone 
ring, and 2 drilled turquoise pieces.
    The cultural items were removed in 1934-35, during 
archeological excavations conducted by the Gila Pueblo Foundation of 
Arizona, and in 1964-65 during excavations by University of 
Arizona personnel at the Snaketown site (AZ U:13:1 ASM), on the Gila 
River Indian Reservation, Pinal County, AZ. Other unassociated funerary 
objects from this site were published in a notice of intent to 
repatriate in the Federal Register on March 20, 2001, pages 
15741-42, FR Doc. 01-6897.
    The archeological evidence, including characteristics of portable 
material culture, attributes of ceramic styles, domestic and ritual 
architecture, site organization, and canal[macr]based agriculture of 
the settlement places the Snaketown site within the 
archeologically[macr]defined Hohokam tradition, and within the Phoenix 
Basin local variant of that tradition. The occupation of the Snaketown 
site spans the years circa A.D. 500/700-1100/1150.
    Continuities of mortuary practices, ethnographic materials, and 
technology indicate affiliation of Hohokam settlements with 
present[macr]day O'odham (Piman), Pee Posh (Maricopa), and Puebloan 
cultures. Oral traditions documented for the Ak Chin Indian Community 
of the Maricopa (Ak Chin) Indian Reservation, Arizona; Gila River 
Indian Community of the Gila River Indian Reservation, Arizona; Hopi 
Tribe of Arizona; Salt River Pima[macr]Maricopa Indian Community of the 
Salt River Reservation, Arizona; Tohono O'odham Nation of Arizona; and 
Zuni Tribe of the Zuni Reservation, New Mexico support affiliation with 
Hohokam sites in central Arizona.

    Officials of the Bureau of Indian Affairs and Arizona State Museum 
have determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (3)(B), the cultural 
items are reasonably believed to have been placed with or near 
individual human remains at the time of death or later as part of the 
death rite or ceremony and are believed, by a preponderance of the 
evidence, to have been removed from a specific burial site of a Native 
American individual. Officials of the Bureau of Indian Affairs and 
Arizona State Museum also have determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 
3001 (2), there is a relationship of shared group identity that can be 
reasonably traced between the cultural items and the Ak Chin Indian 
Community of the Maricopa (Ak Chin) Indian Reservation, Arizona; Gila 
River Indian Community of the Gila River Indian Reservation, Arizona; 
Hopi Tribe of Arizona; Salt River Pima[macr]Maricopa Indian Community 
of the Salt River Reservation, Arizona; Tohono O'odham Nation of 
Arizona; and Zuni Tribe of the Zuni Reservation, New Mexico. The Zuni 
Tribe has withdrawn from this consultation. The Gila River Indian 
Community of the Gila River Indian Reservation, Arizona, is acting on 
behalf of the Ak Chin Indian Community of the Maricopa (Ak Chin) Indian 
Reservation, Arizona; Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community, 
Arizona; Tohono O'odham Nation of Arizona; and themselves.
    Representatives of any other Indian tribe that believes itself to 
be culturally affiliated with these cultural items should contact John 
Madsen, Repatriation Coordinator, Arizona State Museum, University of 
Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721, telephone (520) 621-4795, before 
January 21, 2005. Repatriation of the cultural items to the Ak Chin 
Indian Community of the Maricopa (Ak Chin) Indian Reservation, Arizona; 
Gila River Indian Community of the Gila River Indian Reservation, 
Arizona; Hopi Tribe of Arizona; Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian 
Community of the Salt River Reservation, Arizona; Tohono O'odham Nation 
of Arizona; and Zuni Tribe of the Zuni Reservation, New Mexico may 
proceed after that date if no additional claimants come forward.

[[Page 76780]]

    The Arizona State Museum is responsible for notifying the Ak Chin 
Indian Community of the Maricopa (Ak Chin) Indian Reservation, Arizona; 
Gila River Indian Community of the Gila River Indian Reservation, 
Arizona; Hopi Tribe of Arizona; Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian 
Community of the Salt River Reservation, Arizona; Tohono O'odham Nation 
of Arizona; and Zuni Tribe of the Zuni Reservation, New Mexico that 
this notice has been published.

    Dated: November 16, 2004
Sherry Hutt,
Manager, National NAGPRA Program.
[FR Doc. 04-27999 Filed 12-21-04; 8:45 am]

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