FR Doc 03-5514
[Federal Register: March 7, 2003 (Volume 68, Number 45)]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR
National Park Service
Notice of Intent to Repatriate a Cultural Item: Field Museum of
Natural History, Chicago, IL
AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.
Notice is here given in accordance with the Native American Graves
Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C. 3005, Sec. 7, of
the intent to repatriate a cultural item in the possession of the Field
Museum of Natural History, Chicago, IL, that meets the definition of
``sacred object'' under 25 U.S.C. 3001.
This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003, Sec. 5
(d)(3). The determinations within this notice are the sole
responsibility of the museum, institution, or Federal agency that has
control of these cultural items. The National Park Service is not
responsible for the determinations within this notice.
The cultural item is a Thunder Clan War Bundle, which consists of a
club, a pipe and rest, 13 whistles, animal skins, 3 small containers, a
fire drill, a headpiece, and a rattle.
The museum purchased the war bundle in 1926 in Winnebago, NE, from
Oliver La Mere, a member of the Winnebago Tribe of Nebraska. The museum
accessioned the war bundle into its collection the same year.
The war bundle is culturally affiliated with the Ho-Chunk people,
who are now the Ho-Chunk Nation of Wisconsin and the Winnebago Tribe of
Nebraska. In a letter dated April 20, 1998, the Winnebago Tribe of
Nebraska advised the museum that, ``[t]he Repatriation Department,
representing the Winnebago Tribe of Nebraska has agreed to let the Ho-
Chunk Nation of Wisconsin repatriate the sacred Thunder Clan War Bundle
(Catalog No. 155613) from the Chicago Field Museum in Chicago. The
Winnebago Tribe has agreed that all War Bundles go back to Wisconsin,
even though they come from Nebraska, because the Ho-Chunk Nation still
does War Bundle ceremonies.'' Based on this letter and other
information provided to the museum by the Ho-Chunk Nation of Wisconsin,
it is the museum's understanding that the Winnebago Tribe of Nebraska
no longer practices the traditional ways of the Ho-Chunk people and
that the Winnebago Tribe of Nebraska will not seek repatriation of the
war bundle pursuant to NAGPRA.
Officials of the museum have determined that, pursuant to 25
U.S.C., Sec. 2 (3)(C), this cultural item is a specific ceremonial
object needed by traditional Native American religious leaders for the
practice of traditional Native American religions by their present-day
Officials of the museum also have determined that, pursuant to 25
U.S.C. 3001, Sec. 2 (2), there is a relationship of shared group
identity that can be reasonably traced between the war bundle and the
Winnebago Tribe of Nebraska and the Ho-Chunk Nation of Wisconsin.
Officials of the museum recognize that the war bundle is
significant to the Ho-Chunk Nation of Wisconsin, and assert that the
museum has right of possession of the war bundle. However, the museum
has reached an agreement with the Ho-Chunk Nation of Wisconsin that
will allow the museum to return the war bundle to the tribe pursuant to
the compromise of claim provisions of the museum's repatriation policy.
The museum will return the war bundle to the Ho-Chunk Nation of
Wisconsin in reliance upon passage by the Ho-Chunk Nation Legislature
on November 4, 2002, of Resolution [numsign]11-04-02B, ``Tribal
Property Rights of Repatriated Items,'' which identifies the war bundle
as a sacred object and provides that any object repatriated to the Ho-
Chunk Nation of Wisconsin shall be considered property of the Ho-Chunk
Nation of Wisconsin and shall be inalienable from the tribe.
Representatives of any other Indian tribe that believes itself to
be culturally affiliated with this sacred object should contact
Jonathan Haas, MacArthur Curator of North American Anthropology, Field
Museum of Natural History, 1400 South Lake Shore Drive, Chicago, IL
60605, telephone (312) 665-7829, before April 7, 2003. Repatriation of
this sacred object to the Ho-Chunk Nation of Wisconsin may proceed
after that date if no additional claimants come forward.
The Field Museum of Natural History is responsible for notifying
the Ho-Chunk Nation of Wisconsin and the Winnebago Tribe of Nebraska
that this notice has been published.
December 17, 2002.
Assistant Director, Cultural Resources Stewardship and Partnerships.
[FR Doc. 03-5514 Filed 3-6-02; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4310-70-S
Back to the top
Back to National NAGPRA