[Federal Register: October 5, 2001 (Volume 66, Number 194)]
[Notices]
[Page 51067-51069]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
[DOCID:fr05oc01-127]

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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

National Park Service


Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items in the Possession
of the Thomas Burke Memorial Washington State Museum, University of
Washington, Seattle, WA

AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.

ACTION: Notice.

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    Notice is hereby given under the Native American Graves Protection
and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 43 CFR 10.10 (a)(3), of the intent to
repatriate cultural items in the possession of the Thomas Burke
Memorial Washington State Museum, University of Washington, Seattle,
WA, that meet the definition of ``sacred objects;'' under Section 2 of
the Act.
    This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 43 CFR 10.2 (c). The
determination within this notice are the sole responsibility of the
museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of these
cultural items. The National Park Service is not responsible for the
determinations within this notice.
    The cultural items are two bird rattles, an eagle feather
headdress, a cedar bark headband, a bottle of red paint, a beaded
otter-skin sash, a carved wooden staff, and a drum and drumstick.
    A bird rattle painted blue and red (catalog number 78) was
collected by the Reverend Myron Eells for the Washington World's Fair
Commission in 1893. Museum documentation provides a description by Rev.
Eells of the rattle: ``Black Tamahnous rattle used in religious
ceremonies. Obtained from Billy Hall, a Quinaielt.'' The rattle was a
gift to the Thomas Burke Memorial Washington State Museum from the
Washington World's Fair Commission after the fair in 1893. Consultation
evidence provided by representatives of the Quinault Tribe of the
Quinault Indian Reservation, Washington, indicates that this bird
rattle is essential to the Klookwalli religious practices of the tribe.
    In 1938, the Thomas Burke Memorial Washington State Museum
purchased an unpainted bird rattle identified as Quinault (catalog
number 1-7) from Glenn Gwin. Consultation evidence

[[Page 51068]]

provided by representatives of the Quinault Tribe of the Quinault
Indian Reservation, Washington, indicates that this bird rattle is
essential to the Klookwalli religious practices of the tribe.
    An eagle feather headdress (catalog number 69) was collected by the
Reverend Myron Eells on the Quinault Reservation for the Washington
World's Fair Commission in 1893. Museum documentation provides a
description by Rev. Eells of the headdress: ``Tamahnous head dress
obtained by James Kohta, an Indian of the reservation, worn during
religious ceremonies.'' The headdress was a gift to the Thomas Burke
Memorial Washington State Museum from the Washington World's Fair
Commission after the fair in 1893. Consultation evidence provided by
representatives of the Quinault Tribe of the Quinault Indian
Reservation, Washington, indicates that this headdress is essential to
the Klookwalli religious practices of the tribe.
    A cedar bark headband (catalog number 170) was collected by the
Reverend Myron Eells on the Quinault Reservation for the Washington
World's Fair Commission in 1893. Museum documentation provides a
description by Rev. Eells of the headband: ``Tamahnous head band of
cedar bark used in religious ceremonies, obtained from Bob Pope, a
Quinaielt.'' The headdress was a gift to the Thomas Burke Memorial
Washington State Museum from the Washington World's Fair Commission
after the fair in 1893. Consultation evidence provided by
representatives of the Quinault Tribe of the Quinault Indian
Reservation, Washington, indicates that this headdress is essential to
the Klookwalli religious practices of the tribe.
    A bottle of red paint (catalog number 180) was collected by the
Reverend Myron Eells on the Quinault Reservation for the Washington
World's Fair Commission in 1893. Museum documentation provides a
description by Rev. Eells of the item: ``red paint.'' The paint was a
gift to the Thomas Burke Memorial Washington State Museum from the
Washington World's Fair Commission after the fair in 1893. Consultation
evidence provided by representatives of the Quinault Tribe of the
Quinault Indian Reservation, Washington, indicates that red paint is
essential to the Klookwalli religious practices of the tribe.
    A beaded otter-skin sash with attached deer-hoof rattles (catalog
number 5) was collected by the Reverend Myron Eells on the Quinault
Reservation for the Washington World's Fair Commission in 1893. Museum
documentation provides a description by Rev. Eells of the sash: ``Otter
Tamahnous or beaded work on an otter skin used in religious ceremonies.
Obtained from John Clip an Indian of the reservation. The last of a
suit of the kind.'' John Clipp was a known Quinault speaker and leader
of ceremony, which is a sacred appointment. The sash was a gift to the
Thomas Burke Memorial Washington State Museum from the Washington
World's Fair Commission after the fair in 1893. The beaded otter-skin
sash has been identified as river otter by zoologists at the Thomas
Burke Memorial Washington State Museum and Rev. Eells' notes further
identify the sash as having come to Mr. Clipp from the Yakama or
Klickitat in trade. The style of beadwork on the sash supports this
evidence, though some Quinault women are known to have done beadwork as
early as 1890. Consultation evidence provided by representatives of the
Quinault Tribe of the Quinault Indian Reservation, Washington,indicates
that this sash is essential to religious practices of the tribe. The
addition of deer hoof rattles to the sash is consistent with its use as
a religious object by the Quinault, and indicates the sacred use of the
sash.
    A wooden staff carved in the form of a human figure with inlaid
glass beads at the eyes and a button inlaid at the chest (catalog
number 79) was collected by the Reverend Myron Eells on the Quinault
Reservation for the Washington World's Fair Commission in 1893. Museum
documentation provides a description by Rev. Eells of the staff:
``Tamahnous stick for carrying in the hand used in religious
ceremonies.'' The staff was a gift to the Thomas Burke Memorial
Washington Sate Museum from the Washington World's Fair Commission
after the fair in 1893. Consultation evidence provided by
representatives of the Quinault Tribe of the Quinault Indian
Reservation, Washington, indicates that this type of staff is used for
personal spirit power and functions to expel malicious spirits that may
be upon a person. At the current time, there are a number of
individuals in the Quinault Tribe of the Quinault Indian Reservation,
Washington, that are undergoing training in the use of this type of
power staff and, therefore, this object is essential to religious
healing practices of the tribe.
    An unpainted round skin drum and drumstick (catalog number 91) was
collected by the Reverend Myron Eells on the Quinault Reservation for
the Washington World's Fair Commission in 1893. The drum was a gift to
the Thomas Burke Memorial Washington State Museum from the Washington
World's Fair Commission after the fair in 1893. Museum documentation
provides a description by Rev. Eells of the item: ``Drum obtained from
Willie Mason a Quinaielt but bought by him at Neah Bay. Covered with
skin of sea lion.'' Consultation evidence provided by representatives
of the Quinault Tribe of the Quinault Indian Reservation, Washington,
indicates that this drum and drumstick are essential to ongoing
religious practices of the tribe. The drum in Quinault society is used
in many arenas, but its use is sacred within each setting, and is used
to accompany ritual singing and dancing during ongoing religious
practices.
    Documentation associated with these cultural items and information
provided by representatives of the Quinault Tribe of the Quinault
Indian Reservation, Washington, indicates that these cultural items are
specific ceremonial objects needed by traditional Quinault religious
leaders for the practice of traditional Native American religion by
present-day adherents. Representatives of the Quinault Tribe of the
Quinault Indian Reservation, Washington, also confirmed that there is a
relationship of shared group identity between these sacred objects and
the Quinault Tribe of the Quinault Indian Reservation, Washington.
    Based on the above-mentioned information, officials of the Thomas
Burke Memorial Washington State Museum have determined that, pursuant
to 43 CFR 10.2 (d)(3), these eight cultural items are specific
ceremonial items needed by traditional Native American religious
leaders of the Quinault Tribe of the Quinault Indian Reservation,
Washington, for the practice of traditional Native American religion by
present-day adherents. Officials of the Thomas Burke Memorial
Washington State Museum also have determined that there is a
relationship of shared group identity that can be reasonably traced
between these sacred objects and the Quinault Tribe of the Quinault
Indian Reservation, Washington.
    This notice has been sent to officials of the Quinault Tribe of the
Quinault Indian Reservation, Washington. Representatives of any other
Indian tribe that believes itself to be culturally affiliated with
these sacred objects should contact Robin K. Wright, Curator of Native
American Art, Burke Museum, Box 353010, University of Washington,
Seattle, WA 98195-3010, telephone (206) 543-5595, before November 5,
2001. Repatriation of these eight sacred

[[Page 51069]]

objects to the Quinault Tribe of the Quinault Indian Reservation,
Washington, may begin after that date if no additional claimants come
forward.

    Dated: July 18, 2001.
John Robbins,
Assistant Director, Cultural Resources Stewardship and Partnerships.
[FR Doc. 01-24960 Filed 10-4-01; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4310-70-M
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