[Federal Register: March 20, 2001 (Volume 66, Number 54)]
[Notices]
[Page 15741-15742]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
[DOCID:fr20mr01-90]

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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

National Park Service

Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items in the Possession
of the Arizona State Museum, Tucson, AZ, and in the Control of the U.S.
Department of the Interior, Bureau of Indian Affairs, Washington, DC.

AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.

ACTION: Notice.

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    Notice is hereby given under the Native American Graves Protection
and Repatriation Act, 43 CFR 10.10 (a)(3), of the intent to repatriate
cultural items in the possession of the Arizona State Museum, Tucson,
AZ, and in the control of the U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau
of Indian Affairs, Washington, DC, that meet the definition of
``unassociated funerary objects'' under Section 2 of the Act.
    This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 43 CFR 10.2 (c). The
determinations within this notice are the sole responsibility of the
museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of these
cultural items. The National Park Service is not responsible for the
determinations within this notice.
    The 20,475 objects from site AZ U:13:1 ASM are 2 abraders, 6
abrader fragments, 4 axes, 1 stone ball, 3,890 shell beads, 437 stone
beads, 5 turquoise beads, 10,560 beads of unspecified material, 14 bone
artifacts, 16 bone artifact fragments, 2 bone awls, 2 bone awl
fragments, 2 nonhuman bone fragments, 237 ceramic bowls, 1 clay bowl,
52 stone bowls, 8 ceramic bowls (RV), 4 stone bowl fragments, 75
bracelet fragments, 5 ceramic cauldrons, 2 reconstructable ceramic
cauldrons, 33 ceramic censors, 6 ceramic artifacts, 8 cinders, 3 clay
artifacts, 1 concretion, 1 stone cylinder, 3 sherd disks, 3 stone
disks, 1 perforated sherd disk, 1 perforated sherd disk fragment, 1
stone disk fragment, 1 ear spool, 8 ceramic figurines, 4 stone
figurines, 29 ceramic figurine fragments, 30 ceramic figurine heads, 1
grinding slab, 1 ceramic handle fragment, 3 pieces of hematite, 19 horn
artifacts, 84 ceramic jars, 1 ceramic jar fragment, 1 ceramic ladle, 3
ceramic legged plates, 1 mano, 7 medicine stones, 2 metates, 11 mica
pieces, 4 fragments of unidentified minerals, 1 piece of obsidian, 2
bone ornaments, 6 shell ornaments, 55 stone ornament fragments, 136
palettes, 31 palette fragments, 38 shell pendants, 22 stone pendants, 1
pendant of unidentified material, 1 pestle, 7 pigment fragments, 1
ceramic pitcher, 10 plaques, 53 plaque fragments, 32 ceramic plates, 1
reconstructable ceramic plate, 3,243 projectile points, 3 projectile
point fragments, 5 proto-palettes, 1 proto-palette fragment, 1 punch,
597 quartz crystals, 1 quartz nodule, 3 shell rings, 4 stone rings, 1
bone ring fragment, 3 stone rods, 37 ceramic scoops, 1 reconstructable
ceramic scoop, 9 ceramic seed jars, 133 shells, 19 shell artifacts, 3
shell artifact fragments, 168 shell fragments, 31 sherds, 1 sherd
artifact, 1 stone spoon, 14 stone artifacts, 2 stone artifact
fragments, 4 pyrite tessera, 13 shell tessera, 1 stone tessera, 147
turquoise tessera, 5 textile fragments, 6 textile impressions, 8 tripod
plates, 1 bone tube fragment, 11 pieces of turquoise, 1 turtle shell, 2
vegetal artifacts, and 2 wood artifacts.
    These objects were removed in 1934-35, during archeological
excavations conducted by the Gila Pueblo Foundation of Arizona, and in
1964-65 during excavations by University of Arizona personnel at the
Snaketown site (AZ U:13:1 ASM), on the Gila River Reservation, Pinal
County, AZ.
    The archeological evidence, including characteristics of portable
material culture, attributes of ceramic styles, domestic and ritual
architecture, site organization, and canal-based agriculture of the
settlement places the Snaketown site within the archeologically-defined
Hohokam tradition, and within the Phoenix Basin variant of that
tradition. The occupation of the Snaketown site spans the years circa
A.D. 500/700-1100/1150.
    The 18 objects from site AZ U:13:21 ASM are 1 scoop, 10 bowls, 6
jars, and 1 pitcher.
    These objects were removed during joint University of Arizona
Department of Anthropology and Arizona State Museum excavations at site
AZ U:13:21 ASM, Gila River Indian Reservation, Pinal County, AZ, in
1964-65.
    The archeological evidence, including characteristics of portable
material culture, attributes of ceramic styles, domestic and ritual
architecture, site organization, and canal-based agriculture of the
settlement places site AZ U:13:22 ASM within the archeologically-
defined Hohokam

[[Page 15742]]

tradition, and within the Phoenix Basin variant of that tradition. The
occupation of site AZ U:13:21 was within the years circa A.D. 1150-
1350.
    The two objects from site AZ U:13:24 ASM are pottery jars.
    These objects were removed during joint University of Arizona
Department of Anthropology and Arizona State Museum excavations at site
AZ U:13:24 ASM, Gila River Indian Reservation, Pinal County, AZ, in
1964-65.
    The archeological evidence, including characteristics of portable
material culture, attributes of ceramic styles, domestic and ritual
architecture, site organization, and canal-based agriculture of the
settlement, places site AZ U:13:24 ASM within the archeologically-
defined Hohokam tradition, and within the Phoenix Basin variant of that
tradition. The occupation of site AZ U:13:21 was within the years circa
A.D. 1150-1350.
    The 36 objects from site AZ U:13:9 ASM are 2 ground stone
artifacts, 4 ceramic scoops, 13 ceramic bowls and bowl fragments, 1
ceramic censer, 1 polishing stone, 3 ceramic jars, 5 ceramic sherds, 1
whole shell pendant, 1 ceramic pitcher, 1 ceramic plate, 1 sherd
pendant, 1 bifurcate medicine stone, and 2 turquoise tessera.
    These objects were removed in 1963 during I-10 Highway Salvage
Project excavations at site AZ U:13:9 by Arizona State Museum staff
Alfred E. Johnson. This site is located approximately 1 mile north of
Bapchule, at the southwestern corner of Gila Butte, Gila River Indian
Reservation, Pinal County, AZ.
    Based upon architecture, portable material culture, and site
organization, occupation at site AZ U:13:9 ASM has been dated to
approximately A.D. 700-1350/1400.
    The five objects from site AZ U:13:11 ASM include two jars, one
bowl, and two sherds.
    These objects were removed in during I-10 Highway Salvage Project
excavations at site AZ U:13:11 ASM by Arizona State Museum staff Alfred
E. Johnson. This site is located approximately 0.5 mile north of
Bapchule, Gila River Indian Reservation, Pinal County, AZ.
    The archeological evidence, including characteristics of portable
material culture, attributes of ceramic styles, domestic and ritual
architecture, site organization, and canal-based agriculture of the
settlement places site AZ U:13:11 ASM within the archeologically-
defined Hohokam tradition, and within the Phoenix Basin variant of that
tradition. The occupation of site AZ U:13:11 spans the years circa
A.D.1150-1300.
    The 34 objects from the vicinity of Sacaton, AZ (AZ U:14:--area),
are 17 projectile points, 1 ceramic plate, 1 miniature jar, 2 bracelet
fragments, 3 shell pendants, 3 ear spools, 6 whole shell beads, and 1
ceramic bowl.
    Unknown persons removed these objects at an unknown date. These
objects were donated to the Arizona State Museum by unknown persons in
1967.
    Based upon attributes of portable material culture, these objects
are associated with the archeologically defined Hohokam tradition,
during the years A.D. 900-1150.
    Continuities of mortuary practices, ethnographic materials, and
technology indicate affiliation of Hohokam settlements with present-day
O'odham (Piman), Pee Posh (Maricopa), and Puebloan cultures. Oral
traditions documented for the Gila River Indian Community of the Gila
River Indian Reservation, Arizona; the Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian
Community of the Salt River Reservation, Arizona; the Ak Chin Indian
Community of the Maricopa (Ak Chin) Indian Reservation, Arizona; the
Tohono O'odham Nation of Arizona; the Hopi Tribe of Arizona; and the
Pueblo of Zuni support affiliation with Hohokam sites in central
Arizona.
    Officials of the Arizona State Museum and the Bureau of Indian
Affairs have determined that, pursuant to 43 CFR 10.2 (d)(2)(ii), these
20,570 cultural items are reasonably believed to have been placed with
or near individual human remains at the time of death or later as part
of the death rite or ceremony and are believed, by a preponderance of
the evidence, to have been removed from a specific burial site of a
Native American individual. Officials of the Arizona State Museum and
the Bureau of Indian Affairs also have determined that, pursuant to 43
CFR 10.2 (e), there is a relationship of shared group identity that can
be reasonably traced between these cultural items and the Gila River
Indian Community of the Gila River Indian Reservation, Arizona; the
Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community of the Salt River
Reservation, Arizona; the Ak Chin Indian Community of the Maricopa (Ak
Chin) Indian Reservation, Arizona; the Tohono O'odham Nation of
Arizona; the Hopi Tribe of Arizona; and the Pueblo of Zuni. The Pueblo
of Zuni has withdrawn from this consultation. The Gila River Indian
Community of the Gila River Indian Reservation, Arizona, is acting on
behalf of themselves and the Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community,
Arizona; the Ak Chin Indian Community of the Maricopa (Ak Chin) Indian
Reservation, Arizona; and the Tohono O'odham Nation of Arizona.
    This notice has been sent to officials of the Gila River Indian
Community of the Gila River Indian Reservation, Arizona; the Salt River
Pima-Maricopa Indian Community of the Salt River Reservation, Arizona;
the Ak Chin Indian Community of the Maricopa (Ak Chin) Indian
Reservation, Arizona; the Tohono O'odham Nation of Arizona; and the
Hopi Tribe of Arizona. Representatives of any other Indian tribe that
believes itself to be culturally affiliated with these cultural items
should contact Lynn S. Teague, Repatriation Coordinator, Arizona State
Museum, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721, telephone (520) 621-
4795, before April 19, 2001. Repatriation of these cultural items to
the Gila River Indian Community of the Gila River Indian Reservation,
Arizona; the Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community of the Salt
River Reservation, Arizona; the Ak Chin Indian Community of the
Maricopa (Ak Chin) Indian Reservation, Arizona; the Tohono O'odham
Nation of Arizona; and the Hopi Tribe of Arizona may begin after that
date if no additional claimants come forward.

    Dated: March 5, 2001.
John Robbins,
Assistant Director, Cultural Resources Stewardship and Partnerships.
[FR Doc. 01-6897 Filed 3-19-01; 8:45 am]
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