[Federal Register: March 9, 2001 (Volume 66, Number 47)]
[Notices]
[Page 14206]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
[DOCID:fr09mr01-97]

[[Page 14206]]

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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

National Park Service

Notice of Intent To Repatriate Cultural Items in the Possession
of the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University,
Cambridge, MA

AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.

ACTION: Notice.

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    Notice is hereby given that the Native American Graves Protection
and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 43 CFR 10.10 (a)(3), of the intent to
repatriate cultural items in the possession of the Peabody Museum of
Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, that meet
the definition of ``unassociated funerary objects'' under section 2 of
the Act.
    This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 43 CFR 10.2 (c). The
determinations within this notice are the sole responsibility of the
museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of these
cultural items. The National Park Service is not responsible for the
determinations within this notice.
    The cultural items are 58 shell beads and shell fragments, and 1
ceramic bowl and 15 sherds from that vessel.
    In 1896, Clarence B. Moore recovered 29 shell beads and shell
fragments from Ossabaw Island, Middle Settlement, Mound A, Chatham
County, GA, and donated these cultural items to the Peabody Museum of
Archaeology and Ethnology the same year. Museum documentation indicates
that these cultural items were recovered in association with human
remains that were interred inside a ceramic vessel. The Peabody Museum
of Archaeology and Ethnology is not in possession or control of the
human remains from this burial. Because museum documentation describes
the ceramic vessel as containing human remains, the vessel is
considered to be an associated funerary object and is described in a
Notice of Inventory Completion.
    The ceramic style of the vessel is dated to the Irene phase of the
late Mississippian period (A.D. 1300-1550), and the cultural items
found in association with the vessel belong to the same period. Oral
traditions, ethnohistorical evidence, and archeological documentation
indicate that the Middle Settlement, Mound A site is located within the
aboriginal and historic homelands of the Creek Confederacy during the
Irene phase of the Late Mississippian period. The present-day tribes
that are most closely affiliated with members of the Creek Confederacy
are Alabama-Quassarte Tribal Town, Oklahoma; Kialegee Tribal Town,
Oklahoma; Muscogee (Creek) Nation, Oklahoma; Poarch Band of Creek
Indians of Alabama; and Thlopthlocco Tribal Town, Oklahoma.
    In 1897, Clarence B. Moore collected 29 shell beads from St.
Catherine's Island, ``Mound near South End Settlement'' site, Long
County, GA, and donated these cultural items to the Peabody Museum of
Archaeology and Ethnology the same year. Museum documentation indicates
that these cultural items were recovered with human remains that were
interred inside a ceramic vessel. The Peabody Museum of Archaeology and
Ethnology is not in possession or control of the human remains from
this burial. Because museum documentation describes the ceramic vessel
as containing human remains, the vessel is considered an associated
funerary object and is described in a Notice of Inventory Completion.
    The ceramic style of the vessel dates to the Irene phase of the
late Mississippian period (A.D. 1300-1550), and the cultural items
found in association with the vessel belong to the same period. Oral
traditions, ethnohistorical evidence, and archeological documentation
indicate that the ``Mound near South End Settlement'' site is located
within the aboriginal and historic homelands of the Creek Confederacy
during the Irene phase of the Late Mississippian period. The present-
day tribes that are most closely affiliated with members of the Creek
Confederacy are Alabama-Quassarte Tribal Town, Oklahoma; Kialegee
Tribal Town, Oklahoma; Muscogee (Creek) Nation, Oklahoma; Poarch Band
of Creek Indians of Alabama; and Thlopthlocco Tribal Town, Oklahoma.
    In 1898, Clarence B. Moore recovered 1 ceramic bowl and 15 sherds
from that bowl from the ``Mounds near Lake Bluff'' site, Long County,
GA, and donated the bowl to the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and
Ethnology the same year. Museum documentation indicates that the bowl
was associated with a burial. The Peabody Museum of Archaeology and
Ethnology is not in possession or control of the human remains from
this burial.
    The bowl dates to the Savannah II phase of the Late Mississippian
period (A.D. 1300-1550). Oral traditions, ethnohistorical evidence, and
archeological documentation indicate that the ``Mounds near Lake
Bluff'' site is located within the aboriginal and historic homelands of
the Creek Confederacy during the Irene phase of the Late Mississippian
period. The present-day tribes that are most closely affiliated with
members of the Creek Confederacy are Alabama-Quassarte Tribal Town,
Oklahoma; Kialegee Tribal Town, Oklahoma; Muscogee (Creek) Nation,
Oklahoma; Poarch Band of Creek Indians of Alabama; and Thlopthlocco
Tribal Town, Oklahoma.
    Based on the above-mentioned information, officials of the Peabody
Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology have determined that, pursuant to
43 CFR 10.2 (d)(2)(ii), these 74 cultural items are reasonably believed
to have been placed with or near individual human remains at the time
of death or later as part of the death rite or ceremony and are
believed, by a preponderance of the evidence, to have been removed from
a specific burial site of a Native American individual. Officials of
the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology also have determined
that, pursuant to 43 CFR 10.2 (e), there is a relationship of shared
group identity that can be reasonably traced between these cultural
items and Alabama-Quassarte Tribal Town, Oklahoma; Kialegee Tribal
Town, Oklahoma; Muscogee (Creek) Nation, Oklahoma; Poarch Band of Creek
Indians of Alabama; and Thlopthlocco Tribal Town, Oklahoma.
    This notice has been sent to officials of Alabama-Quassarte Tribal
Town, Oklahoma; Kialegee Tribal Town, Oklahoma; Muscogee (Creek)
Nation, Oklahoma; Poarch Band of Creek Indians of Alabama; and
Thlopthlocco Tribal Town, Oklahoma. Representatives of any other Indian
tribe that believes itself to be culturally affiliated with these
unassociated funerary objects should contact Barbara Isaac,
Repatriation Coordinator, Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology,
Harvard University, 11 Divinity Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02138, telephone
(617) 495-2254, before April 9, 2001. Repatriation of these
unassociated funerary objects to Alabama-Quassarte Tribal Town,
Oklahoma; Kialegee Tribal Town, Oklahoma; Muscogee (Creek) Nation,
Oklahoma; Poarch Band of Creek Indians of Alabama; and Thlopthlocco
Tribal Town, Oklahoma may begin after that date if no additional
claimants come forward.

    Dated: February 22, 2001.
John Robbins,
Assistant Director, Cultural Resources Stewardship and Partnerships.
[FR Doc. 01-5942 Filed 3-8-01; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4310-70-F
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