[Federal Register Volume 77, Number 63 (Monday, April 2, 2012)]
[Notices]
[Pages 19686-19687]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office 
[www.gpo.gov ]
[FR Doc No: 2012-7881]


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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

National Park Service

[2253-665]


Notice of Inventory Completion: U.S. Department of Defense, Army Corps of 
Engineers, Walla Walla District, Walla Walla, WA, and Alfred W. Bowers 
Laboratory of Anthropology, University of Idaho, Moscow, ID

AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.

ACTION: Notice.

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SUMMARY: The United States Department of Defense, Army Corps of Engineers, 
Walla Walla District, has completed an inventory of human remains and 
associated funerary objects, in consultation with the appropriate Indian 
tribe, and has determined that there is a cultural affiliation between the 
human remains and associated funerary objects and a present-day Indian tribe. 
Representatives of any Indian tribe that believes itself to be culturally 
affiliated with the human remains and associated funerary objects may contact 
the U.S. Department of Defense, Army Corps of Engineers, Walla Walla 
District. Repatriation of the human remains and associated funerary objects 
to the Indian tribe stated below may occur if no additional claimants come 
forward.

DATES: Representatives of any Indian tribe that believes it has a cultural 
affiliation with the human remains and associated funerary objects should 
contact the U.S. Department of Defense, Army Corps of Engineers, Walla Walla 
District, at the address below by May 2, 2012.

ADDRESSES: LTC David Caldwell, U.S. Department of Defense, Army Corps of 
Engineers, Walla Walla District, 201 North Third Ave., Walla Walla, WA 99362, 
telephone (509) 527-7700.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Notice is here given in accordance with the Native 
American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C. 3003, of 
the completion of an inventory of human remains and associated funerary 
objects under the control of the U.S. Department of Defense, Army Corps of 
Engineers, Walla Walla District (Corps), Walla Walla, WA, and in the physical 
custody of the Alfred W. Bowers Laboratory of Anthropology, University of 
Idaho (UI), Moscow, ID. The human remains and associated funerary objects 
were removed from Clearwater and Nez Perce Counties, ID.
    This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's 
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003(d)(3). The 
determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the museum, 
institution or Federal agency that has control of the Native American human 
remains and associated funerary objects. The National Park Service is not 
responsible for the determinations in this notice.

Consultation

    A detailed assessment of the human remains was made by U.S. Department of 
Defense, Army Corps of Engineers and University of Idaho professional staffs 
in consultation with representatives of the Nez Perce Tribe, Idaho.

History and Description of the Remains

    In 1963, human remains representing, at minimum, three individuals were 
removed from site 10CW1, an open fishing camp located on the east side of the 
North Fork of the Clearwater River at Bruce's Eddy, in Clearwater County, ID. 
Site 10CW1 is located within the Dworshak Dam and Reservoir Project on the 
Clearwater River. The Dworshak Dam and Reservoir Project is managed by the 
Corps, who initiated the land acquisition processes for the Project in 1963. 
Idaho State College surveyed site 10CW1 in 1961, but did not collect 
anything. In 1963, the same institution, which had been renamed the Idaho 
State University (ISU), returned to the site for excavation, at which time 
three burials were discovered on the hills flanking the north end of the 
site. Burials 1 and 2 were marked by a semi-circle of rocks measuring 
approximately 12 feet in diameter and contained human remains and a large 
amount of copper funerary objects. Burial 3 was disturbed and contained human 
remains without funerary objects. The human remains and associated funerary 
objects were removed and transferred to the ISU Museum. In 1976, the 
collection was transferred to UI for study and analysis (UI accession number 
76-2).
    The human remains from Burial 1 include an adult female around 40 years 
old, placed on its left side in a loosely flexed position with the head 
positioned to the northwest, found with associated funerary objects. The 
human remains from Burial 2 include the remains of an infant under 1 year 
old, placed with its head oriented to the west and found with associated 
funerary objects. The human remains from Burial 3 were of an adolescent of 
indeterminate age or gender and did not contain associated funerary objects. 
No known individuals were identified. The 586 associated funerary objects 
are: 44 copper tubular beads; 1 antler digging stick handle; 222 copper 
tubular beads with cordage; 1 bracelet fragment; 16 copper bracelet 
fragments; 2 seed husks; 193 glass beads; 1 lot red ochre; 6 copper pendants; 
7 copper tubular beads with cordage and dentalium; 9 copper bead fragments; 
15 copper tubular beads with cordage, hair, fur, leather, and dentalia; 7 
copper tubular bead pieces with cordage, hair, fur, cloth, and dentalia; 4 
dentalium shell; 3 copper pendants with tubular beads and cordage; 1 chert 
flake; 9 copper tubular beads with cordage and cut dentalium shell; 8 copper 
tubular beads with cordage and cut dentalium; 3 copper tubular beads with 
cordage and dentalium; 20 pieces mixture of soil, cord, beads, hair, fur, and 
copper; 12 copper tubular beads strung with a leather thong; 1 metal 
fragment; and 1 pestle.
    Burials 1 and 2 from site 10CW1 may date to the protohistoric period due 
to the presence of copper, glass and cloth. Based on an analysis of the 
copper objects, the burials likely date to A.D. 1780-
1810. Burial 3 may date to the prehistoric period based on the lack of 
funerary objects. The human remains have been examined by a physical 
anthropologist. One individual was noted to exhibit signs of fronto-
occipital deformation, a common trait found in Native American remains. The 
archeological assemblage from site 10CW1 indicates that it was continually 
occupied from the Tucannon Phase (B.C. 5000-3000) to the historic period. The 
site is located at the traditional Nez Perce salmon fishing weir called ti 
mi:mara wispayka:s. A petroglyph consisting of three parallel lines on a 
basalt boulder at the waters' edge verifies this location as a Nez Perce 
fishing site, as these ``lines served as guides to the construction of the 
fish trap.'' According to Henry Wheeler, a Nez Perce informant consulted 
during the 1961 investigation at the site,

[[Page 19687]]

multiple Nez Perce bands used this site during the salmon fishing season, 
including the Atskaaiwawipu, the Tewepu, the Hasotino, the Nipihama, the 
Alpowamino and the Matalaimo. Additionally, this site is located within the 
judicially established land area of the Nez Perce Tribe, Idaho.
    In 1964, human remains representing, at minimum, two individuals were 
removed from site 10NP1, an open village site located on the east side of the 
Snake River near Captain John Creek, in Nez Perce County, ID. Site 10NP1 is 
located on lands that were to be inundated for the 
Asotin Dam Reservoir, which was never constructed. While the site is not on 
Corps property, the Corps has taken responsibility for human remains 
collected at the site. A Washington State University (WSU) team surveyed and 
excavated site 10NP1 in 1964, in two test pits. Test Pit 2 contained a single 
cairn burial with the human remains of two individuals (Burial 1a and 1b). 
The human remains were removed and transported to WSU, and were transferred 
to UI in 2000. No known individuals were identified. No associated funerary 
objects are present in the collection.
    According to the 1969 survey report, the Burials 1a and 1b were typical 
of the late prehistoric period. The burials contained the partial skeletal 
remains of an adult male and an adult female, both arranged in flexed 
positions. Each individual was wrapped in tule matting, lay on an east-west 
axis and faced west toward the Snake River. According to the report, a 
subsurface cairn containing a hopper mortar had been constructed directly 
above the burial. In addition, a tubular steatite pipe and three bone awls 
reportedly were recovered in direct association with the human remains. The 
location of these artifacts is unknown. The site is in the zone of 
exploitation of the Nez Perce village of ?ilaqatp[aacute]?tpo.
    In 1964, human remains representing, at minimum, two individual were 
removed from site 10NP27, a burial site located on the east side of the Snake 
River near Buffalo Draw, in Nez Perce County, ID, near the Nez Perce village 
area of het[eacute]wisnime. Site 10NP27 is located on lands that were to be 
inundated for the Asotin Dam Reservoir, which was never constructed. While 
the site is not on Corps property, the Corps has taken responsibility for 
human remains collected at the site. The site was discovered during an 
archeological survey and test excavation of the Asotin Dam Reservoir area by 
a WSU team led by Charles M. Nelson and David G. Rice. The WSU team excavated 
two test pits in 1964. Test Pit 1 proved to be a false cairn created by the 
potting of a nearby burial. Test Pit 2 uncovered a single burial. The burial 
was situated in a flexed position, and oriented in an east-west direction, 
with the skull facing east, away from the Snake River. Fragments of steatite 
pipe were found scattered near the individual. The human remains were removed 
and transported to WSU, and were transferred to UI in 2000. No known 
individuals were identified. No associated funerary objects are present.
    Five lines of evidence--geographical, biological, archeological, 
anthropological and historical--support a cultural affiliation between the 
Nez Perce Tribe, Idaho, and the human remains identified in all of the sites 
above.

Determinations Made by the U.S. Department of Defense, Army Corps of 
Engineers, Walla Walla District

    Officials of the U.S. Department of Defense, Army Corps of Engineers, 
Walla Walla District, have determined that:
     Pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(9), the human remains described above 
represent the physical remains of seven individuals of Native American 
ancestry.
     Pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(3)(A), the 586 objects described above are 
reasonably believed to have been placed with or near individual human remains 
at the time of death or later as part of the death rite or ceremony.
     Pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(2), there is a relationship of shared group 
identity that can be reasonably traced between the Native American human 
remains and associated funerary objects and the Nez Perce Tribe, Idaho.

Additional Requestors and Disposition

    Representatives of any other Indian tribe that believes itself to be 
culturally affiliated with the human remains and associated funerary objects 
should contact LTC David Caldwell, U.S. Department of Defense, Army Corps of 
Engineers, Walla Walla District, 201 North Third Ave., Walla Walla, WA 99362, 
telephone (509) 527-7700, before May 2, 2012. Repatriation of the human 
remains and associated funerary objects to the Nez Perce Tribe, Idaho, may 
proceed after that date if no additional claimants come forward.
    The U.S. Department of Defense, Army Corps of Engineers, Walla Walla 
District, is responsible for notifying the Nez Perce Tribe, Idaho, that this 
notice has been published.

    Dated: March 28, 2012.
Sherry Hutt,
Manager, National NAGPRA Program.
[FR Doc. 2012-7881 Filed 3-30-12; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4312-50-P



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