[Federal Register Volume 76, Number 140 (Thursday, July 21, 2011)]
[Notices]
[Pages 43716-43718]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2011-18343]


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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

National Park Service

[2253-665]


Notice of Inventory Completion: Oregon State University 
Department of Anthropology, Corvallis, OR

AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.

ACTION: Notice.

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SUMMARY: The Oregon State University Department of Anthropology has 
completed an inventory of human remains, in consultation with the 
appropriate Indian tribes, and has determined that there is a cultural 
affiliation between the human remains and present-day Indian tribes. 
Representatives of any Indian tribe that believes itself to be 
culturally affiliated with the human remains may contact

[[Page 43717]]

the Oregon State University Department of Anthropology. Repatriation of 
the human remains to the Indian tribes stated below may occur if no 
additional claimants come forward.

DATES: Representatives of any Indian tribe that believes it has a 
cultural affiliation with the human remains should contact the Oregon 
State University Department of Anthropology at the address below by 
August 22, 2011.

ADDRESSES: Dr. David McMurray, Oregon State University Department of 
Anthropology, 238 Waldo Hall, Corvallis, OR 97331, telephone (541) 737-
4515.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Notice is here given in accordance with the 
Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 
U.S.C. 3003, of the completion of an inventory of human remains in the 
control of the Oregon State University Department of Anthropology, 
Corvallis, OR. The human remains were removed from Randolph and White 
Counties, IL.
    This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's 
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003(d)(3). The 
determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the 
museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of the Native 
American human remains. The National Park Service is not responsible 
for the determinations in this notice.

Consultation

    A detailed assessment of the human remains was made by Oregon State 
University Department of Anthropology professional staff in 
consultation with representatives of the Iowa Tribe of Kansas and 
Nebraska, Peoria Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma, and the Osage Nation, 
Oklahoma (formerly the Osage Tribe). Representatives of the Absentee-
Shawnee Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma; Cheyenne River Sioux Tribe of the 
Cheyenne River Reservation, South Dakota; Citizen Potawatomi Nation, 
Oklahoma; Delaware Nation, Oklahoma; Eastern Shawnee Tribe of Oklahoma; 
Forest County Potawatomi Community, Wisconsin; Hannahville Indian 
Community, Michigan; Ho-Chunk Nation of Wisconsin; Iowa Tribe of 
Oklahoma; Kaw Nation, Oklahoma; Kickapoo Tribe of Indians of the 
Kickapoo Reservation in Kansas; Kickapoo Tribe of Oklahoma; Miami Tribe 
of Oklahoma; Oglala Sioux Tribe of the Pine Ridge Reservation, South 
Dakota; Omaha Tribe of Nebraska; Ottawa Tribe of Oklahoma; Otoe-
Missouria Tribe of Indians, Oklahoma; Pokagon Band of Potawatomi 
Indians, Michigan and Indiana; Ponca Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma; 
Ponca Tribe of Nebraska; Prairie Band of Potawatomi Nation, Kansas; 
Quapaw Tribe of Indians, Oklahoma; Sac & Fox Nation of Missouri in 
Kansas and Nebraska; Sac & Fox Nation, Oklahoma; Sac & Fox Tribe of the 
Mississippi in Iowa; Shawnee Tribe, Oklahoma; Tonkawa Tribe of Indians 
of Oklahoma; Winnebago Tribe of Nebraska; and Wyandotte Nation, 
Oklahoma, were notified but did not participate in consultation on the 
human remains described in this notice.

History and Description of the Remains

    On an unknown date, human remains representing a minimum of one 
individual were probably removed from the Ethel R. Wilson site, White 
County, IL, by an unknown individual. The remains were donated to the 
Department of Anthropology by Holm Neumann, the son of Dr. Georg Karl 
Neumann, in 1976. Dr. Neumann worked as a physical anthropologist for 
Indiana State University, Terre Haute, IN. No known individual was 
identified. No associated funerary objects are present.
    Records indicate that the ancestral remains are identified as 
``WH501-19 T.'' According to the NAGPRA culturally unidentifiable 
inventories (CUI) database submitted by Indiana State University, 
``WH'' is used to identify remains from the Ethel R. Wilson site (also 
known as the Wilson Site Cemetery), which is located in White County, 
IL. Based on the markings, the remains are reasonably believed to have 
been removed from the Ethel R. Wilson site. This site is on the western 
bluffs of the Wabash River, north of the confluence of the Wabash and 
Ohio Rivers. The Wilson site is thought to have been originally 
excavated by Norbert Bingman and Arkel Fisher in 1949. During the 
summer of 1950, Dr. Neumann directed archeological work at this site. 
Eleven burial mounds were recorded. The Illinois State Museum, 
University of Chicago, and the Southern Illinois University sponsored 
excavations in the lower Wabash Valley midway between the Ohio and 
Illinois Hopewellian centers, in an effort to clarify possible origins, 
development, cultural affiliations and physical relationships between 
the populations (Neumann 1951: Journal of the Illinois State 
Archaeology Society, Vol. 1, No. 4, April). Dr. Neumann identified the 
population as belonging to the Hopewellian culture (Pennefather-O/Brien 
1999; Fowler 1951; Neumann 1951).
    At an unknown date, human remains representing a minimum of two 
individuals were removed from an unknown site most likely in Randolph 
County, IL. The remains were donated to the Department of Anthropology 
by Holm Neumann in 1976. No known individuals were identified. No 
associated funerary objects are present.
    The human remains have markings of either ``Ra 501'' or ``Ra 502'' 
written upon them, indicating the location from which they were 
excavated. Records in the CUI database for Indiana University show 
``Ra'' as Randolph County, IL, and the site is listed as ``Hiller.'' In 
Neumann's records, he has a map indicating excavation work at Modoc 
Rock Shelter in Randolph County, IL. Between 1952 and 1956, the Modoc 
Rock Shelter site (11R5) was studied by Melvin L. Fowler, during four 
excavation seasons sponsored by the Illinois State Museum and the 
University of Chicago (Ahler 1993). This site is located at the base of 
the eastern bluffs of the Mississippi River Valley and is a National 
Historic Landmark. Included in the Neumann collection, are a series of 
photos of human remains that had been sent to Dr. Neumann from Thorne 
Deuel, Illinois State Museum, with a letter (dated December 15, 1958) 
requesting that Dr. Neumann identify the photos and send one copy of 
the photos back to the Illinois State Museum. On the back of some of 
the photos is written ``Ra 501-29 Modoc Rock Shelter'' or ``Hiller 
Site, Randolph Co., Ill Archaic III. State Mus. Coll. Ra 502-2B.'' 
Based on the markings on the remains, the records in the CUI database 
for Indiana University, and the photos identifying the origins as Modoc 
Rock Shelter or the Hiller Site, it is reasonably believed that these 
remains are from one or both of those sites.
    White County is located in southeastern Illinois, along the Ohio 
River. Randolph County is located in southwestern Illinois, along the 
Mississippi River. Randolph County is an area historically occupied by 
the Michigamea, which is represented by the present-day Peoria Tribe of 
Indians of Oklahoma. Through consultation evidence, the Peoria Tribe 
have also shown cultural affiliation to White County, IL. In addition, 
both counties are part of the Osage ancestral territory. According to 
consultation evidence, the Osage historically migrated along the Ohio 
Valley to the Ohio River and Mississippi River confluence. The Osage 
are a Dhegiha Siouan tribe. They and other Dhegiha Siouan tribes' 
original territory is east of the Alleghenies and possibly in the 
Piedmont regions of Virginia and the Carolinas. Historical

[[Page 43718]]

documentation states that the Osage, Ponca, Kaw, Omaha, and the Kansa 
(Quapaw) made up a single tribe that lived on the banks of the Ohio 
River. The tribe eventually migrated downstream, residing along the 
Wabash, and later reached the Mississippi River. Over a period of time, 
the tribe migrated northward along the Mississippi River until reaching 
the Missouri River. The tribe split into several different tribes 
during this migration period: Those who migrated northward from the 
Missouri River were later known as the Omaha; those downstream from the 
Mississippi became the Quapaw; the Ponca and Osage went westward from 
the Missouri River toward the Osage River. In 1541, Desoto had contact 
with the Quapaw on the Mississippi River. In the late 17th century, 
Europeans met Osage Indians on the Osage River and reported that they 
roamed over much of Kansas, Arkansas, Oklahoma, and Illinois (Bailey 
1973 and 1995; Chapman 1982; Graves 1949; and Hunter 2009). The 
descendants of the Dhegiha Siouan are members of the Absentee-Shawnee 
Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma; Delaware Nation, Oklahoma; Hannahville 
Indian Community, Michigan; Kaw Nation, Oklahoma; Omaha Tribe of 
Nebraska; Osage Nation, Oklahoma; Ponca Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma; 
Ponca Tribe of Nebraska; Quapaw Tribe of Indians, Oklahoma; and the 
Tonkawa Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma.

Determinations Made by the Oregon State University Department of 
Anthropology

    Officials of the Oregon State University Department of Anthropology 
have determined that:
     Pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(9), the human remains described 
above represent the physical remains of three individuals of Native 
American ancestry.
     Pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(2), there is a relationship of 
shared group identity that can be reasonably traced between the Native 
American human remains and the Absentee-Shawnee Tribe of Indians of 
Oklahoma; Delaware Nation, Oklahoma; Hannahville Indian Community, 
Michigan; Kaw Nation, Oklahoma; Omaha Tribe of Nebraska; Osage Nation, 
Oklahoma; Peoria Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma; Ponca Tribe of Indians 
of Oklahoma; Ponca Tribe of Nebraska; Quapaw Tribe of Indians, 
Oklahoma; and the Tonkawa Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma.

Additional Requestors and Disposition

    Representatives of any other Indian tribe that believes itself to 
be culturally affiliated with the human remains should contact Dr. 
David McMurray, Oregon State University, Department of Anthropology, 
238 Waldo Hall, Corvallis, OR 97331, telephone (541) 737-4515, before 
August 22, 2011. Repatriation of the human remains to the Absentee-
Shawnee Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma; Delaware Nation, Oklahoma; 
Hannahville Indian Community, Michigan; Kaw Nation, Oklahoma; Omaha 
Tribe of Nebraska; Osage Nation, Oklahoma; Peoria Tribe of Indians of 
Oklahoma; Ponca Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma; Ponca Tribe of Nebraska; 
Quapaw Tribe of Indians, Oklahoma; and Tonkawa Tribe of Indians of 
Oklahoma, may proceed after that date if no additional claimants come 
forward.
    The Oregon State University Department of Anthropology is 
responsible for notifying the Absentee-Shawnee Tribe of Indians of 
Oklahoma; Cheyenne River Sioux Tribe of the Cheyenne River Reservation, 
South Dakota; Citizen Potawatomi Nation, Oklahoma; Delaware Nation, 
Oklahoma; Eastern Shawnee Tribe of Oklahoma; Forest County Potawatomi 
Community, Wisconsin; Hannahville Indian Community, Michigan; Ho-Chunk 
Nation of Wisconsin; Iowa Tribe of Kansas and Nebraska; Iowa Tribe of 
Oklahoma; Kaw Nation, Oklahoma; Kickapoo Tribe of Indians of the 
Kickapoo Reservation in Kansas; Kickapoo Tribe of Oklahoma; Miami Tribe 
of Oklahoma; Oglala Sioux Tribe of the Pine Ridge Reservation, South 
Dakota; Omaha Tribe of Nebraska; Osage Nation, Oklahoma; Otoe-Missouria 
Tribe of Indians, Oklahoma; Ottawa Tribe of Oklahoma; Peoria Tribe of 
Indians of Oklahoma; Pokagon Band of Potawatomi Indians, Michigan and 
Indiana; Ponca Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma; Ponca Tribe of Nebraska; 
Prairie Band of Potawatomi Nation, Kansas; Quapaw Tribe of Indians, 
Oklahoma; Sac & Fox Nation of Missouri in Kansas and Nebraska; Sac & 
Fox Nation, Oklahoma; Sac & Fox Tribe of the Mississippi in Iowa; 
Shawnee Tribe, Oklahoma; Tonkawa Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma; 
Winnebago Tribe of Nebraska; and Wyandotte Nation, Oklahoma, that this 
notice has been published.

    Dated: July 14, 2011.
Sherry Hutt,
Manager, National NAGPRA Program.
[FR Doc. 2011-18343 Filed 7-20-11; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4312-50-P






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