[Federal Register Volume 76, Number 93 (Friday, May 13, 2011)]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2011-11855]
DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR
National Park Service
Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Pennsylvania Museum
of Archaeology and Anthropology, Philadelphia, PA
AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.
Notice is here given in accordance with the Native American Graves
Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C. 3003, of the
completion of an inventory of human remains in the possession of the
University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology,
Philadelphia, PA. The human remains were removed from St. Mary Parish
(formerly Attkapas County), LA.
This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003(d)(3). The
determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the
museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of the Native
American human remains. The National Park Service is not responsible
for the determinations in this notice.
A detailed assessment of the human remains was made by University
of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology professional
staff in consultation with representatives of the Chitimacha Tribe of
Sometime between 1815 and 1833, human remains representing a
minimum of two individuals were removed by Agricole Fuselier (b.1765-
d.1839) from a cemetery near his family estate near Jeanerette, St.
Mary Parish, LA. Mr. Fuselier ``procured the skulls'' for Dr. Justus Le
Beau, who subsequently sent them to Dr. Samuel Morton through Joseph
Barabino, prior to April 1833 (Barabino, Letter to Morton, 1834 January
17, ANSP Archives). At this time, the Academy of Natural Sciences in
Philadelphia provided storage space for much of Dr. Morton's
collection, including the human remains, until his death in 1851. In
1853, the collection was purchased from Dr. Morton's estate and
formally presented to the Academy. In 1966, Dr. Morton's collection,
including these human remains (L-606-0043 and L-606-0070), was loaned
to the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and
Anthropology. In 1997, the collection was formally gifted to the
museum. No known individuals were identified. No associated funerary
objects are present.
Extensive historical documentation, original correspondence, museum
records, and Crania Americana (Morton, 1839), identify both sets of
human remains as Chitimacha. The human remains exhibit cranial
modification. One cranium was either smoked or burned prior to burial,
practices which are consistent with the Chitimacha culture, according
to the anthropological literature. The remains were collected from a
region where the western Chitimacha lived in at least two permanent
villages at the time of the first documented encounter between French
explorers and the Chitimacha in 1699, and where the Chitimacha
Reservation was put into trust in 1919. Representatives from the
Chitimacha Tribe of Louisiana indicate that they are familiar with the
burial site and are the descendants of the group identified in the
Officials of the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology
and Anthropology have determined, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(9), that
the human remains described above represent the physical remains of two
individuals of Native American ancestry. Lastly, officials of the
University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology have
determined, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(2), that there is a relationship
of shared group identity that can be reasonably traced between the
American human remains and the Chitimacha Tribe of Louisiana.
Representatives of any other Indian tribe that believes itself to
be culturally affiliated with the human remains should contact Dr.
Richard Hodges, Director, University of Pennsylvania Museum of
Archaeology and Anthropology, 3260 South St., Philadelphia, PA 19104-
6324, telephone (215) 898-4050, before June 13, 2011. Repatriation of
the human remains to the Chitimacha Tribe of Louisiana may proceed
after that date if no additional claimants come forward.
The University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and
Anthropology is responsible for notifying the Chitimacha Tribe of
Louisiana that this notice has been published.
Dated: May 9, 2011.
Manager, National NAGPRA Program.
[FR Doc. 2011-11855 Filed 5-12-11; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4310-50-P
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