FR Doc 2010-17877[Federal Register: July 22, 2010 (Volume 75, Number 140)]
[Notices]               
[Page 42773-42774]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
[DOCID:fr22jy10-102]                         

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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

National Park Service
 
Notice of Inventory Completion: Robert S. Peabody Museum of 
Archaeology, Phillips Academy, Andover, MA

AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.

ACTION: Notice.
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    Notice is here given in accordance with the Native American Graves 
Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C. 3003, of the 
completion of an inventory of associated funerary objects in the 
control of the Robert S. Peabody Museum of Archaeology, Phillips 
Academy, Andover, MA. The associated funerary objects were removed from 
the Tecolote Pueblo ruin, San Miguel County, NM.
    This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's 
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003(d)(3). The 
determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the 
museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of the 
associated funerary objects. The National Park Service is not 
responsible for the determinations in this notice.
    A detailed assessment of the associated funerary objects was made 
by Robert S. Peabody Museum of Archaeology professional staff in 
consultation with representatives of the Hopi Tribe of Arizona; Navajo 
Nation, Arizona, New Mexico & Utah; Ohkay Owingeh, New Mexico (formerly 
Pueblo of San Juan); Pueblo of Acoma, New Mexico; Pueblo of Cochiti, 
New Mexico; Pueblo of Isleta, New Mexico; Pueblo of Jemez, New Mexico; 
Pueblo of Laguna, New Mexico; Pueblo of Nambe, New Mexico; Pueblo of 
Picuris, New Mexico; Pueblo of Pojoaque, New Mexico; Pueblo of San 
Felipe, New Mexico; Pueblo of San Ildefonso, New Mexico; Pueblo of 
Sandia, New Mexico; Pueblo of Santa Ana, New Mexico; Pueblo of Santa 
Clara, New Mexico; Pueblo of Santo Domingo, New Mexico; Pueblo of Taos, 
New Mexico; Pueblo of Tesuque, New Mexico; Pueblo of Zia, New Mexico; 
Ysleta del Sur Pueblo of Texas; and Zuni Tribe of the Zuni Reservation, 
New Mexico.
    In 1929, human remains representing 12 individuals and 7 lots of 
associated funerary objects were removed from the Tecolote Pueblo ruin 
(LA296), San Miguel County, NM, by Alfred V. Kidder under the auspices 
of the Phillips Academy, Andover, MA. Kidder acquired the collection 
for the museum as part of the Andover Pecos Expedition. On October 28, 
1936, the human remains were donated to the Peabody Museum of 
Archaeology and Ethnology at Harvard University, Cambridge, MA (a 
completely separate institution from the Robert S. Peabody Museum of 
Archaeology). The Robert S. Peabody Museum of Archaeology retained 
control of the associated funerary objects, two of which are currently 
missing. The missing associated funerary objects are a bone awl and one 
lot of olla sherds. The five associated funerary objects are one shell 
bead necklace (restrung), one fragmented Haliotis shell disc (pendant), 
an Olivella shell bead necklace, one quartzite projectile point, and 
one clay "cloud-blower" pipe.
    Tecolote Pueblo ruin is located near Tecolote Creek, San Miguel 
County, NM. Similarities in site architecture, including Kivas and 
material culture, associated funerary objects, and

[[Page 42774]]

ceramics found at the site are consistent with Ancestral Puebloan 
occupation of the southwestern United States. The archeological 
literature refers to this widespread cultural tradition as "Anasazi," 
"Ancestral Puebloan," or "Ancient Puebloan."
    A relationship of shared group identity can be reasonably traced 
between the Ancestral Puebloan culture found at Tecolote Pueblo ruin 
and modern-day Puebloan people represented by the Hopi Tribe, Ohkay 
Owingeh, Pueblo of Acoma, Pueblo of Cochiti, Pueblo of Isleta, Pueblo 
of Jemez, Pueblo of Laguna, Pueblo of Nambe, Pueblo of Picuris, Pueblo 
of Pojoaque, Pueblo of San Felipe, Pueblo of San Ildefonso, Pueblo of 
Sandia, Pueblo of Santa Ana, Pueblo of Santa Clara, Pueblo of Santo 
Domingo, Pueblo of Taos, Pueblo of Tesuque, Pueblo of Zia, Ysleta del 
Sur Pueblo, and Zuni Tribe.
    There is continuity in architecture from this site to modern-day 
Pueblos. There is also continuity in the style of the associated 
funerary objects, including the shell personal adornments, with those 
made and used by modern-day Puebloan people. Evidence supports 
continuity in material culture with the Pueblo of Isleta, Pueblos of 
Picuris, and Pueblo of Taos based on evidence provided during 
consultation. Based on oral tradition evidence, the Pueblo of Acoma, 
Pueblo of Cochiti, Pueblo of Picuris, Pueblo of Pojoaque, Pueblo of 
Santo Domingo, Pueblo of Sandia, Pueblo of Tesuque, and Pueblo of Zia 
identify Pecos Pueblo and Tecolote Pueblo as a site of occupation, 
pilgrimage, hunting, and trade.
    Jemez Pueblo oral tradition identifies this site as a precursor to 
Pecos Pueblo, a site closely associated with Jemez Pueblo, which was 
occupied from approximately A.D. 1100 to 1700. Oral tradition of other 
Pueblos includes trade expeditions and pilgrimages to the Tecolote 
Pueblo area. Historic records document Pecos Pueblo occupation from 
Spanish contact to approximately A.D. 1838 when the last inhabitants 
left and moved to the Pueblo of Jemez. In 1936, an Act of Congress 
recognized the Pueblo of Jemez as a "consolidation" and "merger" of 
the Pecos Pueblo and Pueblo of Jemez. All property, rights, titles, 
interests, and claims of both Pueblos were consolidated under the 
Pueblo of Jemez. Additional evidence supporting a shared group identity 
between the descendants of the Pecos and Jemez Pueblos emerges in 
numerous aspects of present-day Jemez life and are documented in a 
1992-1993 study, entitled "Pecos Ethnographic Project."
    Navajo Nation oral history, which includes stories, songs and 
prayers, supports a relationship with sites of Ancestral Puebloan 
occupation such as Mesa Verde and Chaco Canyon, as well as some 
cultural practices shared with modern Pueblo people. But there is not a 
preponderance of evidence to support a relationship of shared group 
identity under NAGPRA with the Tecolote Pueblo ruin.
    Officials of the Robert S. Peabody Museum of Archaeology have 
determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(3)(A), the five objects 
described above are reasonably believed to have been placed with or 
near individual human remains at the time of death or later as part of 
the death rite or ceremony. Lastly, officials of the Robert S. Peabody 
Museum of Archaeology have determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 
3001(2), there is a relationship of shared group identity that can be 
reasonably traced between the associated funerary objects and the Hopi 
Tribe of Arizona; Ohkay Owingeh, New Mexico; Pueblo of Acoma, New 
Mexico; Pueblo of Cochiti, New Mexico; Pueblo of Isleta, New Mexico; 
Pueblo of Jemez, New Mexico; Pueblo of Laguna, New Mexico; Pueblo of 
Nambe, New Mexico; Pueblo of Picuris, New Mexico; Pueblo of Pojoaque, 
New Mexico; Pueblo of San Felipe, New Mexico; Pueblo of San Ildefonso, 
New Mexico; Pueblo of Sandia, New Mexico; Pueblo of Santa Ana, New 
Mexico; Pueblo of Santa Clara, New Mexico; Pueblo of Santo Domingo, New 
Mexico; Pueblo of Taos, New Mexico; Pueblo of Tesuque, New Mexico; 
Pueblo of Zia, New Mexico; Ysleta del Sur Pueblo of Texas; and Zuni 
Tribe of the Zuni Reservation, New Mexico.
    Representatives of any other Indian tribe that believes itself to 
be culturally affiliated with the associated funerary objects should 
contact Malinda Blustain, Director, Robert S. Peabody Museum of 
Archaeology, Phillips Academy, 175 Main St., Andover, MA 01810, 
telephone (978) 749-4493, before August 23, 2010. Repatriation of the 
associated funerary objects to the Hopi Tribe of Arizona; Ohkay 
Owingeh, New Mexico; Pueblo of Acoma, New Mexico; Pueblo of Cochiti, 
New Mexico; Pueblo of Isleta, New Mexico; Pueblo of Jemez, New Mexico; 
Pueblo of Laguna, New Mexico; Pueblo of Nambe, New Mexico; Pueblo of 
Picuris, New Mexico; Pueblo of Pojoaque, New Mexico; Pueblo of San 
Felipe, New Mexico; Pueblo of San Ildefonso, New Mexico; Pueblo of 
Sandia, New Mexico; Pueblo of Santa Ana, New Mexico; Pueblo of Santa 
Clara, New Mexico; Pueblo of Santo Domingo, New Mexico; Pueblo of Taos, 
New Mexico; Pueblo of Tesuque, New Mexico; Pueblo of Zia, New Mexico; 
Ysleta del Sur Pueblo of Texas; and Zuni Tribe of the Zuni Reservation, 
New Mexico, may proceed after that date if no additional claimants come 
forward.
    The Robert S. Peabody Museum of Archaeology is responsible for 
notifying the Hopi Tribe of Arizona; Navajo Nation, Arizona, New Mexico 
& Utah; Ohkay Owingeh, New Mexico; Pueblo of Acoma, New Mexico; Pueblo 
of Cochiti, New Mexico; Pueblo of Isleta, New Mexico; Pueblo of Jemez, 
New Mexico; Pueblo of Laguna, New Mexico; Pueblo of Nambe, New Mexico; 
Pueblo of Picuris, New Mexico; Pueblo of Pojoaque, New Mexico; Pueblo 
of San Felipe, New Mexico; Pueblo of San Ildefonso, New Mexico; Pueblo 
of Sandia, New Mexico; Pueblo of Santa Ana, New Mexico; Pueblo of Santa 
Clara, New Mexico; Pueblo of Santo Domingo, New Mexico; Pueblo of Taos, 
New Mexico; Pueblo of Tesuque, New Mexico; Pueblo of Zia, New Mexico; 
Ysleta del Sur Pueblo of Texas; and Zuni Tribe of the Zuni Reservation, 
New Mexico, that this notice has been published.

    Dated: May 6, 2010
Sherry Hutt,
Manager, National NAGPRA Program.
[FR Doc. 2010-17877 Filed 7-21-10; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4312-50-S


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