FR Doc E9-24591[Federal Register: October 13, 2009 (Volume 74, Number 196)]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR
National Park Service
Notice of Inventory Completion: Ohio Historical Society,
AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.
Notice is here given in accordance with provisions of the Native
American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C.
3003, of the completion of an inventory of human remains and an
associated funerary object in the possession of the Ohio Historical
Society, Columbus, OH. The human remains and associated funerary object
were removed from Lucas County, OH.
This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003 (d)(3).
The determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the
museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of the Native
American human remains and associated funerary objects. The National
Park Service is not responsible for the determinations in this notice.
A detailed assessment of the human remains was made by the Ohio
Historical Society's professional staff in consultation with Dr. G.
Michael Pratt of Heidelberg University and the Lucas County Coroner's
Office. The Forest County Potawatomi Community, Wisconsin; Grand
Traverse Band of Ottawa Indians, Michigan; Little River Band of Ottawa
Indians, Michigan; Little Traverse Bay Bands of Odawa Indians,
Michigan; and Ottawa Tribe of Oklahoma, were notified and sent the
On May 23, 2007, human remains representing a minimum of three
individuals were removed from along the eastern end of Indian Island in
the Maumee River, Lucas County, OH, by a staff member of the Lucas
County Coroner's Office, and Dr. G. Michael Pratt. Prior to removal,
the Ohio Highway Patrol had received a report that human remains had
been discovered. Indian Island is owned by the State of Ohio. No known
individuals were identified. The one associated funerary object is a
Dr. Pratt identified the human remains as Native American based on
the presence of the cranial vault configuration, the presence of
Wormian bones in the lambdoid cranial suture, and the attrition present
on the teeth. The associated funerary object and other artifacts found
in the vicinity indicate that these human remains probably were buried
during the period from A.D. 1760 to 1833.
Archeological and historical information indicate that Ottawa bands
began to settle in the lower Maumee valley beginning in A.D. 1740 to
1750. Ottawa occupation of this region continued until August 1794 when
the principal villages were burned by Anthony Wayne's expedition in the
days following the Battle of Fallen Timbers. In the following summer of
1795, the Ottawa Tribe was one of the signatories of the Treaty of
Greenville under the terms of which they ceded their claim to much of
the land in this region. More land was ceded in treaties signed between
1807 and 1817, but four small reservations were retained for the Ottawa
in the lower Maumee valley. Indian Island was part of the Roche de
Boeuf reservation established in the Treaty of Detroit in 1807. In 1831
to 1833, the four reservations were ceded to the United States in
return for lands in present-day Franklin County, KS. In 1867, the
Kansas reservation organization was dissolved and the Ottawa sold their
individual allotments and moved to Oklahoma, and are represented by the
Ottawa Tribe of Oklahoma.
Officials of the Ohio Historical Society have determined that,
pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (9-10), the human remains described above
represent the physical remains of at least three individuals of Native
American ancestry. Officials of the Ohio Historical
Society also have determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (3)(A),
the one object described above is reasonably believed to have been
placed with or near individual human remains at the time of death or
later as part of the death rite or ceremony. Lastly, officials of the
Ohio Historical Society have determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C.
3001 (2), there is a relationship of shared group identity that can be
reasonably traced between the Native American human remains and the
associated funerary object and the Ottawa Tribe of Oklahoma.
Representatives of any other Indian tribe that believes itself to
be culturally affiliated with the human remains and associated funerary
object should contact James Strider, Acting Executive Director, Ohio
Historical Society, 1982 Velma Ave., Columbus, OH 43211, telephone
(614) 297-2350, before November 12, 2009. Repatriation of the human
remains and associated funerary object to the Ottawa Tribe of Oklahoma
may proceed after that date if no additional claimants come forward.
The Ohio Historical Society is responsible for notifying the Forest
County Potawatomi Community, Wisconsin; Grand Traverse Band of Ottawa
Indians, Michigan; Little River Band of Ottawa Indians, Michigan;
Little Traverse Bay Bands of Odawa Indians, Michigan; and Ottawa Tribe
of Oklahoma that this notice has been published.
Dated: September 15, 2009
Manager, National NAGPRA Program.
[FR Doc. E9-24591 Filed 10-9-09; 8:45 am]
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