[Federal Register: August 21, 2009 (Volume 74, Number 161)]
[Notices]               
[Page 42321-42322]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
[DOCID:fr21au09-83]                         

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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

National Park Service

 
Notice of Inventory Completion: The Public Museum, Grand Rapids, 
MI

AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.

ACTION: Notice.

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    Notice is here given in accordance with the Native American Graves 
Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C. 3003, of the 
completion of an inventory of human remains and associated funerary 
objects in the possession of The Public Museum, Grand Rapids, MI. The 
human remains and associated funerary objects were removed from the Ada 
site, Kent County, MI.
    This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's 
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003 (d)(3). 
The determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the 
museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of the Native 
American human remains and associated funerary objects. The National 
Park Service is not responsible for the determinations in this notice.
    A detailed assessment of the human remains and associated funerary 
objects was made by The Public Museum's professional staff in 
consultation with the Grand Traverse Band of Ottawa and Chippewa 
Indians, Michigan; Little River Band of Ottawa Indians, Michigan; and 
Little Traverse Bay Bands of Odawa Indians, Michigan.
    On unknown dates, human remains representing a minimum of 27 
individuals were removed from the south (west) bank of the Grand River 
at the Ada Michigan site (20KT35) in Kent County, MI, by Ruth Herrick 
and several other avocational archeologists. Starting in 1947, and 
continuing in 1949, 1974, 1983 and 1994, the human remains and 
associated funerary objects were obtained by The Public Museum by 
Herrick through purchase or donation. In 1974, the largest source of 
the collection came to the museum from Dr. Ruth Herrick by bequest. No 
known individuals were identified. The 6,404 associated funerary 
objects are 61 brooches and pins; 286 fragmented pipes; 44 silver 
crosses and fragments; 55 gun flints; 318 metal fragments; 41 copper 
kettle fragments; 10 strike-a-lights and fragments; 507 ceramic and 
glass shards; 122 projectile points; 25 metal knives and fragments; 2 
buttons; 2,182 trade beads; 85 stone tools; 50 nails; 27 buttons; 2 
necklaces; 14 earrings and fragments; 2 tacks; 17 sets of cloth and 
leather fragments; 16 bracelets and fragments; 10 bullets; 867 pottery 
shards; 4 copper hair pipes; 33 spoons and fragments; 8 axes; 222 
animal bone fragments; 4 unmodified lithics; 11 fire cracked rocks; 5 
copper kettles; 1 leather knife sheath; 1 mirror; 2 forks; 31 shells 
and fragments; 8 shell beads; 1 bell; 12 turtle shell fragments; 2 
pendants; 6 thimbles; 3 rings; 3 wood fragments; 1,242 chert flakes; 1 
horse shoe; 9 awls; 7 fossils; 4 fish hooks; 1 penny dated 1888; 6 
antler fragments; 2 marbles; 5 metal spikes; 9 silver armbands; 1 
silver gorget; 1 set of red ochre; 1 red ochre stained paint pot; 1 
coin dated 1885; 1 coin dated 1883; 1 coin dated 1847; 1 coin dated 
1820; 1 coin dated 1825; 1 coin dated 1832; 1 coin with date unknown; 3 
bone gaming pieces; 1 bone comb; 1 George III peace medal; and 3 
charcoal samples.
    Artifacts from this site are from two discrete time periods. The 
first is a prehistoric occupation (15th century), and the second time 
period is an 18th-19th century Native American occupation. Based on the 
site's geographical location at the confluence of the Grand and 
Thornapple Rivers, archeological evidence indicates this site was 
intermittently occupied from prehistoric times into the historic era, 
including a trading post operated by Rix Robinson in the vicinity of 
this site (1821 to 1834). Based on field notes, collection records, and 
artifact typology, the majority of the human remains and associated 
artifacts date to the 18th and 19th century.
    The human remains and associated funerary objects are, by a 
preponderance of the evidence, found to have an affiliation to the 
Little River Band of Ottawa Indians. Many Little River Ottawa Band 
members are descendants of Grand River Band members who migrated from 
the Grand River area to the Little Manistee River area in more recent 
historic times. The historic occupation of Kent County, MI, by the 
Little River Bands of Ottawa Indians is well documented.
    Officials of The Public Museum have determined that, pursuant to 25 
U.S.C. 3001 (9-10), the human remains described above represent the 
physical remains of 27 individuals of Native American ancestry. 
Officials of The Public Museum also have determined that, pursuant to 
25 U.S.C. 3001 (3)(A), the 6,404 associated funerary objects described 
above are reasonably believed to have been placed with or near 
individual remains at the time of death or later as part of the death 
rite or ceremony. Lastly, officials of The Public Museum have 
determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (2), there is a 
relationship of shared group identity that can be reasonably traced 
between the Native American human remains and associated funerary 
objects and the Little River Band of Ottawa Indians, Michigan.
    Representatives of any other Indian tribe that believes itself to 
be culturally affiliated with the human remains and associated funerary 
objects should contact Marilyn Merdzinski, Director of Collections and 
Preservation, The Public Museum, 272 Pearl St. NW., Grand Rapids, MI 
49504, telephone (616) 456-3521, before September 21, 2009. 
Repatriation of the human remains and associated funerary objects to 
the Little River Band of Ottawa Indians, Michigan may proceed after 
that date if no additional claimants come forward.
    The Public Museum is responsible for notifying the Grand Traverse 
Band of Ottawa and Chippewa Indians, Michigan; Little River Band of 
Ottawa Indians, Michigan; and Little Traverse Bay Bands of Odawa 
Indians, Michigan that this notice has been published.


[[Page 42322]]


    Dated: July 30, 2009
Sherry Hutt,
Manager, National NAGPRA Program.
[FR Doc. E9-20100 Filed 8-20-09; 8:45 am]

BILLING CODE 4312-50-S



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