[Federal Register: August 20, 2009 (Volume 74, Number 160)]
[Notices]
[Page 42100-42102]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
[DOCID:fr20au09-64]

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

National Park Service


Notice of Inventory Completion: U.S. Department of Defense, Army
Corps of Engineers, Walla Walla District, Walla Walla, WA and Museum of
Anthropology, Washington State University, Pullman, WA

AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.

ACTION: Notice.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

    Notice is here given in accordance with the Native American Graves
Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C. 3003, of the
completion of an inventory of human remains and associated funerary
objects in the control of the U.S. Department of Defense, Army Corps of
Engineers, Walla Walla District, Walla Walla, WA, and in the physical
custody of the Museum of Anthropology, Washington State University,
Pullman, WA. The human remains and associated funerary objects were
removed from the Marmes Rockshelter (45FR50) in Franklin County, WA.
    This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003 (d)(3).
The determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the
museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of the Native
American human remains and associated funerary objects. The National
Park Service is not responsible for the determinations in this notice.
    A detailed assessment of the human remains was made by the U.S.
Department of Defense, Army Corps of Engineers professional staff in
consultation with representatives of the Confederated Tribes of the
Colville Reservation, Washington; Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla
Indian Reservation, Oregon; Confederated Tribes and Bands of the Yakama
Nation, Washington; Nez Perce Tribe, Idaho; and the Wanapum Band, a
non-Federally recognized Indian group.
    In 1962, 1963, 1964, and 1968, human remains representing a minimum
of 45 individuals were removed from the Marmes Rockshelter (45FR50) in
Franklin County, WA. The Marmes Rockshelter was excavated between 1962
and 1964 by Washington State University under contract with the
National Park Service. In 1968, Washington State University conducted
additional excavations under contract with the U.S. Army Corps of
Engineers. Some human remains were encased in plaster casts during the
excavations and transported to the laboratory at Washington State
University. Excavations of the plaster casts were conducted at the
laboratory until 1974. Material from all excavations is curated at
Washington State University. During the excavations and subsequent
analyses of the human remains from the Marmes Rockshelter site, human
remains were given burial numbers or other designations including
Burials 1 to 12, Burials 14 to 22, Small Unnumbered Cast, Rice Burial
05, MCX 1, Feature 64-6, and non-cremation rockshelter remains. No
known individuals were identified. The 2,047 associated funerary
objects (i.e., 2,020 counted items and 27 lots of items) are 2 antler
pieces; 8 bird bones; 49 fish bones; 752 mammal bones; 1 lot other
bones; 13 other bones; 9 other modified bone/antler; 1 antler pendant;
1 basalt biface; 1 chert biface; 1 chert/cryptocrystalline biface; 1
obsidian biface; 1 basalt lanceolate point; 8 pieces of blocky basalt
shatter; 10 pieces of blocky chert shatter; 31 pieces of blocky chert/
cryptocrystalline shatter; 4 pieces of blocky obsidian shatter; 2
pieces of other stone blocky shatter; 1 basalt cobble core; 4 basalt
cobble cores with no cutting edge; 1 other stone cobble core with
cutting edge; 3 cobble spalls; 2 basalt cobble spalls with retouch; 1
basalt core; 1 chert core; 2 chert/cryptocrystalline cores; 1 chert
endscraper; 3 chert/cryptocrystalline endscrapers; 43 pieces basalt
flake debitage; 4 pieces of chert flake debitage; 45 pieces of chert/
cryptocrystalline flake debitage; 12 pieces of obsidian flake debitage;
19 pieces of basalt flake shatter; 13 pieces of chert flake shatter; 42
pieces of chert or other cryptocrystalline flake shatter; 78 pieces of
chert/cryptocrystalline shatter; 30 pieces of obsidian flake shatter; 1
piece quartzite flake shatter; 2

[[Page 42101]]

chert/cryptocrystalline flakes with bimarginal retouch; 2 chert flakes
with retouch; 1 basalt flake with unimarginal retouch; 8 chert/
cryptocrystalline flakes with unimarginal retouch; 3 obsidian flakes
with unimarginal retouch; 1 chert/cryptocrystalline hafted drill; 7
basalt other bifaces; 2 chert/cryptocrystalline other bifaces; 5 basalt
point tip or midsections; 10 basalt points; 2 chert points; 10 chert/
cryptocrystalline points; 1 obsidian point; 1 chert point tip or
midsection; 1 chert/cryptocrystalline point tip or midsection; 1 chert/
cryptocrystalline lanceolate point; 1 abrader; 1 basalt groundstone
mortar; 1 atlatl ground stone; 1 basalt other groundstone; 1 atlatl
weight; 1 graphite bead; 1 stone ornament; 2 pieces of metal; 1 nail; 1
lot metal; 1 piece wood of possible arrow shaft; 125 faunal bone
fragments; 7 faunal teeth; 1 lot mammal bone; 1 beaver tooth; 2 bear
teeth; 4 rocks; 2 choke cherry pits; 1 mat; 32 other organic pieces
(including plant); 4 pieces of wood; 23 organic seeds; 1 organic kidney
stone?; 1 lot red ochre; 1 lot C14 or charcoal samples; 1 lot charcoal
samples; 18 charcoal samples; 1 lot fine screen other samples; 70
pieces of ochre other stone samples; 1 lot of ochre other stone
samples; 106 basalt samples; 1 lot other basalt samples; 19 basalt
other (including rocks) samples; 1 lot other chert/cryptocrystalline
samples; 1 lot other miscellaneous stone samples; 1 lot other other
samples; 1 lot other other stone samples; 1 lot other other (including
rocks) samples; 1 lot other other sample samples; 1 lot other sample
other stone samples; 63 other other stone samples; 8 other other
samples; 1 basalt anvil stone; 1 lot other dust with red ochre, bone,
shell fragments; 1 basalt edged cobble; 1 lot soil samples; 81 shell
beads; 1 lot shell beads; 17 Olivella shell beads; 1 lot snail shell
remains; 154 pieces of shell remains; 1 lot Margaretifera shell
remains; 1 lot Gonidea sp. shell remains; 1 lot Pelecypoda shell
remains; 9 pieces of snail shell remains; 1 lot Unionacea shell
remains; 1 lot shell remains; 1 lot other organic other (including
plant); 1 lot other organic other (including plant), seeds; and 3 white
stones.
    The human remains in Burials 1 through 12, 14 through 22, the small
Unnumbered Cast, MCX 1, Rice 05, 64-6, and the non-cremation
rockshelter remains were determined to be Native American due to
physical traits and the cultural items found with the human remains,
which are similar to the materials found in archeological collections
and in context with Native American burials in southeastern Washington.
    Archeological evidence found in the Marmes Rockshelter (and in six
nearby archeological sites) supports a nearly continuous occupation
from the Cascade Phase (8000-4500 BP) to the Harder Phase (2500-500
BP), and provides the most direct physical line of evidence supporting
affiliation between an earlier group and a present-day Indian tribe.
Geographical and anthropological lines of evidence support the
archeological evidence of earlier group habitation in the same
geographic location as the historic groups. Oral tradition evidence
provided by tribal elders indicates a large Palus village, inhabited by
tribal ancestors from time immemorial, was once located near the Marmes
Rockshelter. Further, according to tribal elders, these ancestors were
mobile, and traveled the landscape to gather resources as well as trade
among each other.
    Ethnographic documentation indicates that the present-day location
of the Marmes Rockshelter in Franklin County, WA, is within the
territory occupied historically by the Palus (Palouse) Indians. During
the historic period, the Palouse people settled along the Snake River,
relied on fish, game and root resources for subsistence, shared their
resource areas and maintained extensive kinship connections with other
groups in the area, and had limited political integration until the
adoption of the horse (Walker 1998). These characteristics are common
to the greater Plateau cultural communities surrounding the Palouse
territory including the Nez Perce, Cayuse, Walla Walla, Yakama, and
Wanapum groups. Moreover, the information provided during consultation
by representatives of the Confederated Tribes of the Colville
Reservation, Washington; Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian
Reservation, Oregon; Confederated Tribes and Bands of the Yakama
Nation, Washington; Nez Perce Tribe, Idaho; and the Wanapum Band, a
non-Federally recognized Indian group, substantiates their cultural
affiliation with each other and with the earlier group represented at
the Marmes Rockshelter. The descendants of these Plateau communities of
southeastern Washington, now widely dispersed, are members of the
Confederated Tribes of the Colville Reservation, Washington;
Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation, Oregon;
Confederated Tribes and Bands of the Yakama Nation, Washington; Nez
Perce Tribe, Idaho; and the Wanapum Band, a non-Federally recognized
Indian group.
    Officials of the U.S. Department of Defense, Army Corps of
Engineers, Walla Walla District have determined that, pursuant to 25
U.S.C. 3001 (9-10), the human remains described above represent the
physical remains of 45 individuals of Native American ancestry.
Officials of the U.S. Department of Defense, Army Corps of Engineers,
Walla Walla District also have determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C.
3001 (3)(A), the 2,047 objects (2,020 individual counted items and 27
lots of items) described above are reasonably believed to have been
placed with or near individual human remains at the time of death or
later as part of the death rite or ceremony. Furthermore, officials of
the U.S. Department of Defense, Army Corps of Engineers, Walla Walla
District have determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (2), there is
a relationship of shared group identity that can be reasonably traced
between the Native American human remains and associated funerary
objects and the Confederated Tribes of the Colville Reservation,
Washington; Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation,
Oregon; Confederated Tribes and Bands of the Yakama Nation, Washington;
and Nez Perce Tribe, Idaho. Lastly, officials of the U.S. Department of
Defense, Army Corps of Engineers, Walla Walla District have determined
that there is a cultural relationship between the Native American human
remains and associated funerary objects and the Wanapum Band, a non-
Federally recognized Indian group.
    Representatives of any other Indian tribe that believes itself to
be culturally affiliated with the human remains and/or associated
funerary objects should contact Lieutenant Colonel Michael Farrell,
U.S. Department of Defense, Army Corps of Engineers, Walla Walla
District, 201 North Third Avenue, Walla Walla, WA 99362-1876, telephone
(509) 527-7700, before September 21, 2009. Repatriation of the human
remains and associated funerary objects to the Confederated Tribes of
the Colville Reservation, Washington; Confederated Tribes of the
Umatilla Indian Reservation, Oregon; Confederated Tribes and Bands of
the Yakama Nation, Washington; and Nez Perce Tribe, Idaho may proceed
after that date if no additional claimants come forward. The U.S.
Department of Defense, Army Corps of Engineers, Walla Walla District
acknowledges the participation of the Wanapum Band, a non-Federally
recognized Indian group, in the transfer

[[Page 42102]]

of the human remains and associated funerary objects to the Federally-
recognized Indian tribes.
    The U.S. Department of Defense, Army Corps of Engineers, Walla
Walla District is responsible for notifying the Confederated Tribes of
the Colville Reservation, Washington; Confederated Tribes of the
Umatilla Indian Reservation, Oregon; Confederated Tribes and Bands of
the Yakama Nation, Washington; Nez Perce Tribe, Idaho; and the Wanapum
Band, a non-Federally recognized Indian group, that this notice has
been published.

    Dated: July 29, 2009.
Sherry Hutt,
Manager, National NAGPRA Program.
[FR Doc. E9-20039 Filed 8-19-09; 8:45 am]

BILLING CODE 4312-50-S


Back to the top