FR Doc E9-6513[Federal Register: March 25, 2009 (Volume 74, Number 56)]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR
National Park Service
Notice of Inventory Completion: Texarkana Museums System,
AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.
Notice is here given in accordance with the Native American Graves
Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C. 3003, of the
completion of an inventory of human remains and associated funerary
objects in the possession of the Texarkana Museums System (formerly the
Texarkana Historical Museum), Texarkana, TX. The human remains and
associated funerary objects were removed from Bowie County, TX.
This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003 (d)(3).
The determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the
museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of the Native
American human remains and associated funerary objects. The National
Park Service is not responsible for the determinations in this notice.
A detailed assessment of the human remains was made by the
Texarkana Museums System professional staff in consultation with
representatives of the Caddo Nation of Oklahoma.
In 1978, human remains representing a minimum of three individuals
were removed from the Cabe Mounds in Bowie County, TX. The human
remains and associated artifacts were acquired by the museum through
its then-director, Katy Caver, as part of an archeological survey of
the region. No known individuals were identified. The 141 associated
funerary objects are 3 pieces of pottery; 13 pottery fragments; 2
beads; 2 projectile points; 70 lots of debitage; and 51 pre-form tools
Two of the three individuals removed from the Cabe Mounds were
found scattered around two burials, and the remaining individual was
found intact in a third burial. The pottery fragments, tools and tool
fragments were found scattered among all three burials. The human
remains and associated funerary objects are related to the Caddo Nation
who settled the Red River Valley more than 1,200 years ago. The Caddo
Nation remained a strong presence in this region well into the 18th
century. The manner of interment is consistent with Caddo tradition, as
are the decorative and construction techniques used in the pottery
found in proximity to the grave sites. References to the complex now
known as the Cabe Mounds date back to the latter part of the 19th
century and were made by C.B. Moore, one of the first to identify and
explore Caddo sites in East Texas. The site was acquired by the
Archaeological Conservancy in 1985.
Officials of the Texarkana Museums System have determined that,
pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (9-10), the human remains described above
represent the physical remains of three individuals of Native American
ancestry. Officials of the Texarkana Museums System also have
determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (3)(A), the 141 objects
described above are reasonably believed to have been placed with or
near individual human remains at the time of death or later as part of
the death rite or ceremony. Lastly, officials of the Texarkana Museums
System have determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (2), there is a
relationship of shared group identity that can be reasonably traced
between the Native American human remains and associated funerary
objects and the Caddo Nation of Oklahoma.
Representatives of any other Indian tribe that believes itself to
be culturally affiliated with the human remains and associated funerary
objects should contact J.A. Simmons, Texarkana Museums System, PO Box
2343, Texarkana, TX 75504, telephone (903) 793-4831, before April 24,
2009. Repatriation of the human remains and associated funerary objects
to the Caddo Nation of Oklahoma may proceed after that date if no
additional claimants come forward.
The Texarkana Museums System is responsible for notifying the Caddo
Nation of Oklahoma that this notice has been published.
Dated: March 10, 2009
Manager, National NAGPRA Program.
[FR Doc. E9-6513 Filed 3-24-09; 8:45 am]
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