FR Doc E9-4676[Federal Register: March 5, 2009 (Volume 74, Number 42)]
[Notices]               
[Page 9632-9633]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
[DOCID:fr05mr09-69]                         

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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

National Park Service
 
Notice of Inventory Completion: U.S. Department of Agriculture, 
Forest Service, Gila National Forest, Silver City, NM

AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.

ACTION: Notice.
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    Notice is here given in accordance with the Native American Graves 
Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C. 3003, of the 
completion of an inventory of human remains and associated funerary 
objects in the control of the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest 
Service, Gila National Forest, Silver City, NM. The human remains and 
associated funerary objects were removed from Catron and Grant 
Counties, NM.
    This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's 
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003 (d)(3). 
The determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the 
museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of the Native 
American human remains and associated funerary objects. The National 
Park Service is not responsible for the determinations in this notice.
    A detailed assessment of the human remains was made by Gila 
National Forest professional staff in consultation with representatives 
of the Hopi Tribe of Arizona; Pueblo of Acoma, New Mexico; and Zuni 
Tribe of the Zuni Reservation, New Mexico.
    In 1935 and 1936, human remains representing two individuals were 
removed from Starkweather Ruin, Catron County, NM, during legally 
authorized excavations by Paul H. Nesbitt of Beloit College, Beloit, 
WI. The human remains and associated funerary objects had been curated 
at the Logan Museum of Anthropology, Beloit College since their 
excavation; however, the human remains and funerary objects are 
presently being transferred to the Forest Supervisor's Office, Gila 
National Forest. No known individuals were identified. The two 
associated funerary objects are pottery sherds.
    Based on material culture, architecture and site organization, 
Starkweather Ruin has been identified as an Upland Mogollon pithouse 
village and pueblo occupied between A.D. 500-1000 and A.D. 1100-1300.
    In 1986, human remains representing one individual were removed 
from the Comanche Springs Site (LA 105121) in Grant County, NM, during 
legally authorized excavations conducted by the University of Arizona. 
The human remains have been curated at the Forest Supervisor's Office, 
Gila National Forest since their removal from the site. No known 
individual was identified. No associated funerary objects are present.
    Based on material culture and site organization, the Comanche 
Springs Site has been identified as a Mogollon village occupied between 
A.D. 1000 and 1200.
    In 1986, human remains representing one individual were removed 
from the Eva Faust Site (LA 33704) in Catron County, NM, during legally 
authorized excavations conducted by Dr. James Neely, University of 
Texas-Austin. No known individual was identified. No associated 
funerary objects are present.
    Based on material culture and site organization, the Eva Faust Site 
has been identified as an Upland Mogollon pithouse village with surface 
rooms that was occupied between A.D. 600 and 1100.
    In 1987, human remains representing two individuals were removed 
from the Diamond Creek Site (AR-03-06-05-214) in Catron County, NM, 
during archeological excavations conducted by the U.S. Forest Service 
in conjunction with an investigation under the Archaeological Resources 
Protection Act (ARPA) of illegal activities at the site. The human 
remains have been curated at the Forest Supervisor's Office, Gila 
National Forest since their removal from the site. No known individuals 
were identified. No associated funerary objects are present.
    Based on material culture and site organization, the Diamond Creek 
Site has been identified as a Mogollon village occupied between A.D. 
1000 and 1150.
    In July to August 1990, human remains representing one individual 
were removed from site LA 78983 (Elk Ridge Ruin) in Catron County, NM, 
during archeological excavations conducted by Human Systems Research 
(Alamagordo, NM) in conjunction with an investigation under ARPA of 
illegal activities at the site. The human remains have been curated at 
the Forest Supervisor's Office, Gila National Forest since their 
removal from the site. No known individual was identified. No 
associated funerary objects are present.
    Based on material culture and site organization, LA 78983 has been 
identified as a Mogollon village occupied between A.D. 1000 and 1200.
    Continuities between ethnographic materials and technology indicate 
the affiliation of the above Mogollon sites that are located in west-
central New Mexico with the Pueblo of Acoma, New Mexico; Hopi Tribe of 
Arizona; and Zuni Tribe of the Zuni Reservation, New Mexico. The oral 
traditions of the Pueblo of Acoma, New Mexico; Hopi Tribe of Arizona; 
and Zuni Tribe of the Zuni Reservation, New Mexico support the cultural 
affiliation of these three Indian tribes with Mogollon sites in west-
central New Mexico.
    In 1966-1967, human remains representing two individuals were 
removed from site LA 10014 in Catron County, NM, during legally 
authorized excavations conducted by the U.S. Forest Service. No known 
individuals were identified. No associated funerary objects are 
present.
    Based on material culture and site organization, LA 10014 has been 
identified as a Mogollon pithouse village with surface rooms that was 
occupied between A.D. 600 and 1100.
    In January to February 1990, human remains representing four 
individuals were removed from site LA 66315 in Grant County, NM, during 
archeological excavations conducted by the U.S. Forest Service in 
conjunction with an investigation under ARPA of illegal activities at 
the site. The human remains and associated funerary objects have been 
curated at the Forest Supervisor's Office, Gila National Forest since 
their removal from the site. No known individuals were identified. The 
120 associated funerary objects are 109 bags of ceramic sherds, chipped 
stone and groundstone fragments; 9 metates; 1 box of adobe/daub; and 1 
ceramic vessel.
    Based on material culture and site organization, LA 66315 has been 
identified as a Mogollon village occupied between A.D. 900 and 1150.
    Continuities between ethnographic materials and technology indicate 
the affiliation of the two above-mentioned Mogollon sites located in 
southwestern New Mexico with the Pueblo of Acoma, New Mexico; Hopi 
Tribe of Arizona; and Zuni Tribe of the Zuni Reservation, New Mexico. 
The oral traditions of the Pueblo of Acoma, New Mexico; Hopi Tribe of 
Arizona; and Zuni Tribe of the Zuni Reservation, New Mexico support the 
cultural affiliation of these three Indian tribes with Mogollon sites 
in southwestern New Mexico.
    Officials of the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, 
Gila National Forest have determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 
(9-10), the human remains described above

[[Page 9633]]

represent the physical remains of 13 individuals of Native American 
ancestry. Officials of the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest 
Service, Gila National Forest also have determined that, pursuant to 25 
U.S.C. 3001 (3)(A), the 122 objects described above are reasonably 
believed to have been placed with or near individual human remains at 
the time of death or later as part of the death rite or ceremony. 
Lastly, officials of the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest 
Service, Gila National Forest have determined that, pursuant to 25 
U.S.C. 3001 (2), there is a relationship of shared group identity that 
can be reasonably traced between the Native American human remains and 
associated funerary objects and the Pueblo of Acoma, New Mexico; Hopi 
Tribe of Arizona; and Zuni Tribe of the Zuni Reservation, New Mexico.
    Representatives of any other Indian tribe that believes itself to 
be culturally affiliated with the human remains and associated funerary 
objects should contact Dr. Frank E. Wozniak, NAGPRA Coordinator, 
Southwestern Region, USDA Forest Service, 333 Broadway Blvd., SE, 
Albuquerque, NM 87102, telephone (505) 842-3238, before April 6, 2009. 
Repatriation of the human remains and associated funerary objects to 
the Pueblo of Acoma, New Mexico; Hopi Tribe of Arizona; and Zuni Tribe 
of the Zuni Reservation, New Mexico may proceed after that date if no 
additional claimants come forward.
    The U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Gila National 
Forest is responsible for notifying the Pueblo of Acoma, New Mexico; 
Hopi Tribe of Arizona; and Zuni Tribe of the Zuni Reservation, New 
Mexico that this notice has been published.

    Dated: February 20, 2009.
David Tarler,
Acting Manager, National NAGPRA Program.
[FR Doc. E9-4676 Filed 3-4-09; 8:45 am]

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