FR Doc E8-28001[Federal Register: November 25, 2008 (Volume 73, Number 228)]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR
National Park Service
Notice of Inventory Completion: U.S. Department of the Interior,
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Region 7, Anchorage, AK
AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.
Notice is here given in accordance with the Native American Graves
Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C. 3003, of the
completion of an inventory of human remains in the possession of the
U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Region
7, Anchorage, AK. The human remains were removed from Krugloi Point,
Agattu Island, AK.
This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003 (d)(3).
The determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the
museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of the Native
American human remains. The National Park Service is not responsible
for the determinations in this notice.
A detailed assessment of the human remains was made by U.S. Fish
and Wildlife Service, Region 7 professional staff with assistance from
the Alaska State Office of History and Archaeology and University of
Alaska, Anchorage, in consultation with representatives of the Aleut
Corporation, Ounalashka Corporation, and Unangan Repatriation
Commission, a non-Federally recognized Native Alaskan advisory group.
In 1949, human remains representing a minimum of one individual
were removed from Krugloi Point, Agattu Island, AK, during research
permitted to T.P. Bank and supervised in the field by A.C. Spaulding.
The human remains gathered by the expedition were sent to the
University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, and then to the University of
Alaska Fairbanks. In 2002, the human remains were moved to the Museum
of the Aleutians at the request of the Ounalashka Corporation. No known
individual was identified. No associated funerary objects are present.
Radiocarbon dates from unworked pieces of wood associated with the
human remains, but not considered to be funerary objects, were run at
the University of Michigan, Michigan Memorial-Phoenix Project
Radiocarbon Laboratory. The samples yielded dates of 2500
300 years and 2630 300 years ago (Spaulding 1962). The
burial context and physical traits of the human remains are consistent
with those observed for pre-contact Aleut populations. Skeletal
morphology of present-day Aleut populations is similar to that of
prehistoric populations and demonstrates biological and cultural
affiliation between present-day Aleut groups and prehistoric
populations in the Aleutian Islands.
After Russian contact with the Aleutians in 1751, the population
declined precipitously. By the 1760s, all Near Islanders had moved into
a single village on Attu Island. During World War II, the villagers of
Attu were interred in Japan and at war's end the survivors were
resettled in the village on Atka. The Unangan Repatriation Commission
provided the Fish and Wildlife Service with a list of islands and their
culturally affiliated village corporations and tribal entities. The
Ounalashka Corporation claimed ownership and affiliation with the
entire T.P. Bank collection including human remains, and were also
consulted, but were determined not to have cultural affiliation with
the human remains removed from Agattu Island. The Aleut Corporation is
responsible for human remains from islands without strong village
claims. Agattu Island is accordingly represented and reasonably
determined by officials of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Region 7
to have a shared group relationship to members of the Aleut
Officials of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Region 7 have
determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (9-10), the human remains
described above represent the physical remains of one individual of
Native American ancestry. Officials of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife
Service, Region 7 also have determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C.
3001(2), there is a relationship of shared group identity that can be
reasonably traced between the Native American human remains and the
Representatives of any other Indian tribe that believes itself to
be culturally affiliated with the human remains should contact Debra
Corbett, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, 1011 East Tudor Road,
Anchorage, AK 99503, telephone (907) 786-3399, before December 26,
2008. Repatriation of the human remains to the Aleut Corporation may
proceed after that date if no additional claimants come forward.
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Region 7 is responsible for
notifying the Aleut Corporation, Ounalashka Corporation, and Unangan
Repatriation Commission, a non-Federally recognized Native Alaskan
advisory group, that this notice has been published.
Dated: October 28, 2008
Manager, National NAGPRA Program.
[FR Doc. E8-28001 Filed 11-24-08; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4312-50-S
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